Cover Article: BioCycle August, 2015
BioCycle_August_2015

San Diego International Airport, with new LEED Platinum terminal and robust food scraps diversion program, is model for airports worldwide.

Editorial: Yes! Can Do
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World
BioCycle REFOR15

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
DSNY food scraps drop-off locations

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Eblin

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 17
Ohio ATI Graduates First Class With Renewable Energy Degree • Breaking A Renewable Energy Record • AD Projects Receive Clean Energy Funds • AD Projects Receive Clean Energy Funds • Community Digester Wins State Funding • Dairy Digester Awarded R&D Grant By State Ag Agency

Flying High With Food Diversion
Once full, the food scraps dumpsters are towed to a 20 cubic yard compactor located at the airport’s central disposal area, where they are emptied (left), cleaned and returned to their locations (compactor ready for transport, right).

San Diego International Airport diverts an average of 6 tons/week of food scraps, and serves as a model for other airports.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 20

How To Be A Good Composting Neighbor
Compost is screened to three-eighth-inch minus, and marketed in bulk locally.

Vancouver Island composting facility processes about 6,000 tons/year of wild and farmed salmon waste only a mile away from a popular golf course and high density retirement community.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 38

Winning Formula For Biosolids Composting
The Clallam County biosolids composting facility is on a 1-acre site within a 55-acre solid waste management complex in Port Angeles.

Limited to a one-acre footprint, the City of Port Angeles, Washington strives to produce high quality compost for local markets.
Ashley Blazina
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 49

Low Cost Switch To 100% Renewables
Georgetown pursued 100 percent renewable energy simply because it was the best investment for their customers.

Is Georgetown, Texas a model for other cities to follow to make a switch to 100 percent renewable energy?
John Farrell
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 51

Equipment News
Komptech Multistar S3

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 56

BioCycle Sponsors 2015 Food Recovery Summit
Food Recovery Summit

BioCycle is pleased to announce its sponsorship of The Southeast Recycling Development Council’s (SERDC) 2015 Food Recovery Summit.

BioCycle World
BioCycle_World

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Grant Berman (left) and Miles Macero of Dirty Boys Composting

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
AgSTAR website redesign

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 14

Strategic Partnering For Composting Facility Growth
“Our collaboration allows us to more efficiently use our assets for more than one business unit,” says John Adelman, CEO of CPRC Group (center), along with Brett Richardson of We Compost It! (left) and Jim Hiltner. CPRC’s MB Bark composting facility (right) is in Auburn, Maine.

We Compost It! in Maine and Roots Composting in Arizona are expanding their operations by aligning with larger companies that have compatible expertise, processing equipment and available land.
Craig Coker
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 19

Introducing … STA Certified Compost
US Composting Council's STA Certified Compost seal

In a new development, the US Composting Council’s Seal of Testing Assurance Program can now be defined as a certification program.
Ron Alexander and Al Rattie
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 27

Focus On Organics Equipment
Zeroing in on the food waste stream is a primary focus for Ecoverse. Available equipment includes the Tiger line of food waste depackagers.

Ecoverse Industries, Ltd. made a shift to organics over a decade ago, tapping into the sector’s long-term opportunities.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 33

Entrepreneur Connects Generators To AD
Napoleon Biogas, LLC processes organic waste from a neighboring Campbell Soup Company plant in Napoleon, Ohio. Underground pipes transport the organics from the plant to the digester (shown in foreground; biogas storage unit on right).

A Northeast company brings anaerobic digestion and renewable energy to the feedstock sources in Ohio and New York State.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 34

Connections: YIMBY
Sally_Brown_1

Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 45

BioEnergy Outlook: More Pope, Less Nope
Ted_Niblock_1

Ted Niblock
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 47

Equipment News
Green Mountain Technologies' Earth Cube

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 48

Editorial: Circles, Cycles And Loops
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2015
BioCycle_Equipment&Systems

Updated Listings. Online — BioCycle.net
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 32

BioCycle World
06b

BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 6

Composting Roundup
12b

BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
Oregon Dairy

BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 16

Military Base Steps Up To The Net Zero Challenge
To make separation more convenient, foodservice employees can select bins that are most conducive to their particular stations. For example, a produce station uses a small round bucket atop the food bench.

Joint Base Lewis-McChord planted the seeds for net zero waste in the early 2000s. Food scraps collection from dining halls and a commissary is helping push the needle. Part I
Ashley Blazina
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 19

Zero Waste At Fort Drum
A “weigh and sort” done at one of Fort Drum’s dining facilities (above and below) estimated that the amount of food waste produced per meal was around 0.5 lbs/person.

The Fort Drum Army base in northern New York began collecting and composting preconsumer food scraps in Fall 2014.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 23

Small-Scale Composting In Mediterranean Tourist Regions
A drum composter was selected for the Upper Galilee county in Israel, a major tourist region with 20,000 inhabitants.

The SCOW Project has been developing low-cost collection and composting systems for source separated organics in agro-tourism areas around the Mediterranean.
Dan Levanon, Ramón Plana and Gemma Nohales
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 25

Sports Teams Build Food Recovery Awareness
Allstate Arena is advancing organics diversion, recycling and energy efficiency.

Growing numbers of professional sports teams and organizations are capturing edible food in their venues for donation, while continuing to divert food scraps to composting programs.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 34

Community Composting In Sacramento
Adding compost to the gardens helps with water infiltration and moisture retention. “When it rains, you want to soak up every drop that does fall, and compost does that,” says Scott Thompson.

“Farm-to-Fork-to-Farm” is the basis for ReSoil, which collects food scraps by bicycle and brings them to community gardens for composting.
Michelle Burwell
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 43

Digester Biogas Heats Up Ethanol Plant
A DVO mixed plug flow digester (foreground) was installed at the Calgen Renewable Fuels ethanol plant (background) to process dairy manure from a nearby farm with about 10,000 gallons/day of food waste.

Pixley Biogas in Pixley, California is the state’s first anaerobic digester that is powering another renewable energy facility.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 46

Commentary: Introducing Compostable Products Into Regional Programs
Michele Riggs

Michele Riggs
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 51

Connections: California Almonds
Sally_Brown_1

Sally Brown
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 53

BioEnergy Outlook: Making Sense Of The RFS Debate
Ted_Niblock_1

Ted Niblock
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 54

Equipment News
roktochopper

BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 56

Editorial: Calling A Spade A Spade
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

Editorial: Salute To A Vision
Jerome Goldstein, Founding Publisher, BioCycle

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 4
Nora Goldstein
May 8 would have been Jerome Goldstein’s 84th birthday. For those not familiar with our history, Jerry founded BioCycle in 1960 …

BioCycle World
BioCycle REFOR15

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4 p. 6

Composting Roundup
12b

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
Anaerobic_Digest

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 16

Food Scraps Composting At County Yard Trimmings Site
Food scraps, some arriving in compostable bags (top photo), are unloaded onto a bed of mulch, then mixed in with a front-end loader.

Prince George’s County, Maryland began a food scraps composting pilot using a covered composting system, and is processing about 125 tons/month.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 21

Composting Pilot Expands In North Carolina School District
The county provides schools with 64-gallon green Toter collection containers, posters and other educational material. Foods scraps, soiled paper and napkins can be included.

About 25 schools are participating in a separation and composting pilot in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools system, where 164 schools generate about 72 tons/week of food scraps.
Ryan Cooper
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 32

Growing A Composting Company 
Earth Farms’ compost (being screened above) is certified by the USCC’s Seal of Testing Assurance.

Earth Farms Organics was born out of seeking a better solution to manage grease trap solids. Today, about 70,000 tons/year of food scraps, FOG and wood chips are processed.
Ryan Cooper
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 37

Anaerobic Digestion In The UK — 2015 Update
Over 90 food waste AD facilities are in operation in the United Kingdom, such as the one near Bridgwater, England (shown above during construction), with many more in the pipeline.

The state of the AD industry in the United Kingdom is dynamic but the potential for further growth is huge, according to the Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association.
Charlotte Morton
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 43

On The Road To Power Positive Wastewater Treatment
Construction of a $3 million receiving facility for food waste and other high strength organics was completed in January (left). Biogas from the AD tanks is directed to a gas storage membrane system (right).

Claire Siegrist
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 49

Connections: Water Jobs
Sally_Brown_1

Sally Brown
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 52

Equipment News
Ecoverse showcase

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 56

A Path To Sustainable Infrastructure Solutions
Figure 1. Institutional silos

A rich array of opportunities and new infrastructure strategies offer strong and simultaneous affordability, resilience and sustainability benefits.
Rhys Roth
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 25

Wasted Food Pilots Raise Consumer Awareness
King County, Washington’s display at a farmers market, which included information on how to keep the produce being purchased fresh, was popular and effective to recruit participants for its Food: Too Good To Waste (FTGTW) Challenge.

Pilot testing of the Food: Too Good To Waste toolkit in 15 communities illustrated that measuring household food waste activated participants’ natural tendency to avoid wasting.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 38

Adding AD To Existing Composting Site Footprint
The horizontal plug flow digesters, about 115-feet in length, have a longitudinal paddle shaft that slowly rotates. Material traverses the digesters over a typical 21-day retention time.

Two horizontal digesters and an in-vessel composting system enabled the City of Augsburg, Germany to expand processing capacity and include food waste.
Robin Szmidt
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 42

Oregon WWTP’s Energy Net Zero Journey
Haulers connect to the FOG receiving station, comprised of two tanks, a FOG grinder, unload/tank mixing pump and a feed pump. Tipping fee is $.08/gallon. The plant has two 400 kW CAT engines (right).

Energy efficient digester mixers and treatment plant blowers, as well as installation of a solar array, FOG receiving system and two 400 kW CHP engines, are credited with helping to achieve energy net zero performance.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 63

Crowdfunding Collection And Composting
Compost For Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York: Raised $2,030 on ioby to build new composting bins and sifter.

More entrepreneurs and activists working to establish composting businesses and community projects are turning to crowdfunding platforms to raise needed capital.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 72

Sowing The Seed Of Food Security
To create the urban farm, about 3-feet of wood chips were laid down on the parking lot and then raised beds were created using certified organic compost. A variety of potatoes grown in a “contained” raised bed to facilitate harvesting are shown.

Urban Canopy transformed a 2-acre junkyard in Chicago’s Englewood neighborhood into a thriving urban farm — with the help of compost.
Michelle Burwell
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 77

School District Rolls Out Food Waste Reduction
Composting of food scraps, green waste and tree trimmings is done on-site at Ramona High School in an Earth Tub unit. Student Eco-Leaders monitor the process, weighing and recording incoming feedstocks, taking temperatures and observing moisture levels.

Program servicing rural school district strengthens youth and the greater community’s understanding of the importance of food scrap diversion.
Rich Flammer
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 79

Sports Venues Tout Reclaimed Water Firsts
The $1.3 billion LEED Gold Levi Stadium in Santa Clara, home of the San Francisco 49ers, uses reclaimed water to irrigate the playing field and a green roof on one of the suite towers, as well as for all toilet and urinal flushing.

The San Francisco 49ers’ new stadium, and an ice hockey arena in Los Angeles, both tap municipal systems to utilize recycled water.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 82

Editorial: On The Right Track
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 6

BioCycle World
MGM Resorts’ 13 Las Vegas resorts diverted a total of 25,398 tons of food from landfill to compost, a 50 percent increase over 2012.

BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3. p. 10

Composting Roundup
For feedstock, Community Compost is already collecting food scraps from between 15 and 20 residential customers and 10 businesses in New Paltz, and 40 to 50 residential customers in Hoboken.

BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3. p. 16

Anaerobic Digest
The St. Landry Parish Solid Waste Disposal District installed a vehicle fueling system in 2012.

BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 22

Equipment News
Komptech Hurrifex

BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 88

Toronto Expands Anaerobic Digestion Of Source Separated Organics
The City of Toronto’s new anaerobic digester, the Disco Road Organics Processing Facility, has capacity to process about 83,000 tons/year of residential source separated organics (SSO).

Canada’s largest city started up its second digester to manage SSO collected from the residential sector, and is expanding capacity at its original facility.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 40

San Diego Hotel Goes Big On Sustainability
All containers and carts are brought to a central food waste collection area where they are emptied into a 20-cy solar-powered compactor, which utilizes about 50 percent less energy than a standard compactor.

Hotel with over 1,000 guest rooms is diverting close to 400 tons annually of preconsumer food trimmings and postconsumer food scraps.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 30

Mountain Town Zeros In On Food Scraps Diversion
The tipping fee at the PCSWC for organics is $35/ton (compared with $52/ton for standard trash).

“SCRAPS”— a joint program between the City of Aspen and Pitkin County, Colorado — is an example of how motivation and collaboration can propel organics diversion within a municipality.
Nate Clark
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 20

Getting Renewable Energy Projects Done In “Still Tougher Times”
BioCycle Energy

Update to 2013 BioCycle article focuses on new hurdles and additional options to structure cost-effective renewable energy projects, get them financed, and move them to the finish line.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 35

Calculating Tons To Composting In The U.S.
compost

Columbia University’s Earth Engineering Center surveyed the 50 states in 2013 to measure tons of MSW disposed, combusted, recycled and composted in the U.S.
Nickolas J. Themelis and Ljupka Arsova
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 27

Composting Roundup
Composting_Roundup

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 10

BioCycle World
BioCycle_World

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 6

Anaerobic Digest
Bio-Bus: sewage and municipal waste powered

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 13

Equipment News
Eco-Products' Regalia™ compostable products

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 48

Connections: Dirty Plastic
Sally_Brown_1

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 44

Editorial: Connecting Conversations
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 4

“Soil Health” And Compost
Compost is spread heavily to focus fertility for row crops on Gardens of Eagan farm in Eureka Township, Minnesota.

Healthy soil is critical to feeding the world’s growing population and mitigating impacts of climate change. But how to define “soil health” is tricky.
Ron Alexander
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 39

Equipment News
Gore® Cover technology at West Valley Materials Recovery Facility in Fontana, CA

BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 80

Large-Scale Composting, Texas Style
Feedstocks at Living Earth’s composting and mulch facilities include yard trimmings (inset) and preconsumer vegetative produce trimmings.

Living Earth operates multiple composting facilities in Houston and Dallas-Ft. Worth, processing yard trimmings, produce “off-cuts,” bedding and manure.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 28

Depackaging Feedstocks For AD And Composting
A1 Organics purchased the Ecoverse Tiger HS640 Food Depackager, which has an 8 cubic yard stainless steel hopper that can be fed with a loader (above). Material is pulled into the vertical mill by augers in the bottom of the hopper; bolt-on paddles, spinning at 1,000 RPMs, remove organics from their packaging. Examples of feedstocks processed include cardboard-packaged dried dog food (in loader bucket above), expired dairy products (bottom left) and gallon jugs of iced tea (bottom right).

Digester preprocessing system to be installed by A1 Organics at the Heartland Biogas anaerobic digester in Weld County, Colorado, includes two types of depackaging units.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 72

BioCycle Nationwide Survey: Residential Food Waste Collection In The U.S.
Bridgewater (CT) food waste collection

BioCycle identified 198 communities with curbside collection of food scraps, representing 2.74 million households spread out over 19 states. Part II
Rhodes Yepsen
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 53

Anaerobic Digest
Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 22

New York City Organics Collection
NYC residential curbside waste pie chart

Two-year pilot program to collect residential and school source separated organics is into its second year. This update reviews progress, challenges and next steps.
Bridget Anderson
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 64

Role Of Moisture In Determining Compostable Bag Degradation
Figure 3. Total precipitation results recorded for Maine and Cal Poly during 5-week composting study Figure 4. Ambient temperatures recorded for Maine and Cal Poly during 5-week composting trials

Two simultaneous compostable bag trials were conducted in two different climates utilizing similar feedstocks and composting method.
M.A. King, K.L. Piper, G. MacDonald, S.E. Sherman, H. Francis, C.J. Hopkins and M.S. Clark
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 48