BioCycle World
BioCycle World

BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 6

Storm Debris Recovery & Processing
Southern Disaster Recovery offloads storm debris at a Collection Operations and Debris Management site (left) during a 2014 ice storm in South Carolina. Mobile processing equipment includes a CBI horizontal grinder (right).

Mobile wood grinding fleet, qualification as a preapproved cleanup contractor
and reliable outlets for processed debris are keys to success.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 25

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Demand Grows For Food Waste Collection Trucks
New Way’s new Rotopac (1) is a fully automated side-loading organics collection truck that can be double-purposed for curbside trash collection. It features a 4 cy hopper equipped with an auger (2) that feeds material into the truck body (3) at a rate of 7 cy/minute.

More trailer and lift manufacturers are designing equipment specifically for collection and transport of source separated food waste. Part I
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 41

Students Grow A Food Scraps Program
University of Arizona student members of Compost Cats work at the composting site located at the San Xavier Co-op Farm.

A student group at the University of Arizona, the City of Tucson and a Native American tribe joined forces to collect and compost source separated organics.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 36

Editorial: Getting There
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 4

Connections: Navigating Clear Water Rules
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 53

Composting Roundup
Turf Valley Resort has implemented initiatives in energy efficiency; water conservation; food purchasing; and waste reduction and uses Veteran Compost for their food waste/organic residuals.

BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
Barrett’s Mill Anaerobic Digester (BMAD) facility in Shropshire, England, built by Evergreen Gas in 2012.

BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 20

City Residents Adapt To (And Like) Food Scraps Diversion
Outreach to residents includes a newsletter and a telephone hotline, as well as educational materials such as this poster.

Portland, Oregon switched to every other week trash collection with weekly recycling and organics service in 2011. Response to the initiative remains positive.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 33

Capitalizing On Digester Coproducts
An add-on process for nutrient recovery from digested effluent yields phosphorus (left) and nitrogen (right).

Nutrient management, demand for organic fertilizers and the need for non-energy revenue streams are driving development of high-value coproducts using digestate.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 48

Equipment News
West Salem Machinery Titan Trommel Screen

BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 56

Anaerobic Digest
Storms Hog Power (SHP) facility, Bladenboro, North Carolina

BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 16

Symphony Of The Microgrid At An Urban University
The 2.8 MW fuel cell covers an area the size of a tennis court. Combined with an absorption chiller, it will reach 68 percent efficiency.

The University of California San Diego’s microgrid produces 92 percent of its annual electricity load and 95 percent of its heating and cooling load. A fuel cell powered by directed biogas is a cornerstone of the operation.

Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 51

Forging Paths For New York City’s Community Composters
Lower East Side Ecology Center’s original composting site at East River Park in 1998 (top and middle) and its largest recycling drop-off location at 6th Street and Avenue B (bottom).

Christine Datz-Romero of the Lower East Side Ecology Center became a New Yorker in 1980. A need for soil to beautify a recycling drop-off site in 1990 led to offering food scraps drop-off and composting. Part IV
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 34

Chicago Restaurant Generates Zero Waste … Literally
All of the food served at Sandwich Me In is sourced from regional farmers. Vrany tries to make as much as he can in-house to reduce food costs and waste.

Tweet In just over two years of being in business, Sandwich Me In has not sent anything to the landfill. Nate Clark BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 28 From the time Justin Vrany opened the doors of Sandwich Me In in Chicago in May 2012, he set out to be different than

State Of Composting In The U.S.
State Of Composting In The U.S.

New report reviews composting basics, provides national and state-by-state statistics and job generation data, summarizes model programs, technologies and systems, and concludes with recommendations on how to grow composting in the U.S.
Brenda Platt and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 19

Food Waste Collection Innovations
Perkins’ Food Waste Lifter slides the cart straight up over the loading edge of the container. This keeps the tilting pivot close to the cart’s center of gravity, creating a constricted rotating arc and avoiding spillage.

Source separating food waste for diversion to composting and anaerobic digestion is in full swing, leading to innovations in equipment to service the programs.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 46

Digested Dairy Manure To High-End Potting Soil
Magic Dirt is blended with natural recycled materials and packaged in one cubic foot bags that are currently sold in Idaho and parts of several other Western states.

An anaerobic digester development company launched a bagged potting soil product to utilize digested dairy manure fibers and improve long-term success of facilities.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 48

Equipment News
Wastequip Grease Vault lid

BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 56

BioCycle World
Massachusetts Commercial Food Waste Vendor Fair

BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 6

Connections: Good Habits
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 53

Composting Roundup
Lehigh University students GR2OW project (Green Resource Recovery of Waste)

BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 13

Editorial: Getting It Right
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 4

Composting Roundup
CJ Kimbell and Ethan Bumps, Kimbell Compost, LLC, Burlington, Vermont

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 12

BioCycle World
WRAP's Think.Eat.Save Guidance Version 1.0 tool, Module 4: Preventing and reducing food waste in the food and drink business supply chain (manufacturing, retail, hospitality and food service)

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 6

Winning With Zero Waste
Zero waste sports

In the sports greening arena, the adoption of recycling and composting programs is proceeding at an increased pace. To ensure efficient and effective implementation, buy-in must occur at all levels of an organization, starting at the top.
Nate Clark
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 21

Building Farm And Food Scrap Digesters
The new digester at Longview Farm in Hadley, Massachusetts has three receiving tanks for food waste. They are separated and stored based on their energy content.

A steady stream of anaerobic digestion facilities are coming on line, most equipped to process food waste. This first of a two-part series profiles several farm digesters. Part I
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 58

BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2014
BioCycle_Equipment_Systems_Directory

A guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries.

Editorial: Use Us!
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 4

Anaerobic Digest
This Grand Junction (Colorado) fueling station delivers biogas-based CNG generated at the Persigo Wastewater Treatment Facility

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 18

Equipment News
Komptech Chippo drum chipper

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 64

Connections: Appropriate Technology
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 62

BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2014
44

A guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries.

BioCycle World
BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014

BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 6

Connections: Manure Universe
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 45

AD Financing In The United Kingdom
Anaerobic Digester financing

Understanding of anaerobic digestion has increased, and the technology has demonstrated its viability and ability to produce attractive, steady returns for investors.
Charlotte Morton
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 43

Covering Up Operations
Operators at the UConn Agricultural Waste Composting Facility have ample space within the ClearSpan fabric structure to maneuver a 17-foot wide Komptech windrow turner.

Fabric structures prove to be effective in enabling a controlled environment for composting facilities.
Nate Clark
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 30

Food Scraps Diversion Goes To School
Charleston County School District food waste diversion

Beginning with the youngest, more and more residents are learning to source separate organics in Charleston County, South Carolina.
Nate Clark
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 21

Equipment News
Ecoverse Industries' Tiger HS 640 depackaging system

Tweet BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 48   Food Waste Depackager Ecoverse Industries has introduced its Tiger HS 640 depackaging system that separates organics from almost all kinds of packaging, and then can add water to ensure the right consistency of the feedstock stream for an anaerobic digester. Materials are loaded into

Anaerobic Digest
South Africa piggery powered by biogas from anaerobic digestion

BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 18

Composting Roundup
North Carolina State University pizza box composting

BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 12

Editorial: All Hands On Deck
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 4

Why Food Only In Portland, Oregon?
metro

The short answer: Excessive contamination in the collected organics from the commercial food scraps composting program combined with challenges of nonfood items at one of Metro’s selected processing facilities.

Composting Roundup
Susannah Castle, Blue Earth Compost

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 16

Rolling Out A Statewide Organics Ban
The largest generators of food scraps (>104 tons/year) must start separating them on July 1, 2014 if there is a permitted composting facility within 20 miles to receive them. Green Mountain Compost in Williston, Vermont, a municipally-funded operation, is permitted to take food scraps.

Vermont’s Act 148 makes state first in the nation to mandate residential food scraps recycling and pay-as-you-throw solid waste collection to incentivize diversion.
Robert Spencer
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 82

Entrepreneurs See Opportunity In Food Scraps Collection
Ty Schmidt (middle), with sons Carter (left) and Jameson (right), work together to collect food scraps from their customers. Carter’s Compost employs the services of Jameson and three other kids in Traverse City to “sling buckets” and assist their neighbors in diverting food scraps from disposal. Photo by Beth Price

Interviews with four small-scale collection services offer insights into innovative residential and commercial food scraps diversion.
Nate Clark
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 71

Codigestion In Central Florida
The codigestion facility includes a mixing tank, two complete mix anaerobic digesters operated in parallel, and a post digestion tank with a biogas holder mounted to the top (seen at right).

New digester in the Orlando region processes 130,000 tons/year of biosolids, fats, oils, grease and food waste,

producing power, a Class AA granular fertilizer and phosphorous-rich struvite.
Meredith Sorensen
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 48

Why California Is Bullish On Organics Recycling
Caroll Mortensen, Director, California Department of Resources Recycling and Reocvery (CalRecycle)

In a question-and-answer session, Caroll Mortensen, Director of the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle), highlights accomplishments and discusses next steps to advance organics management.
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 29

BioCycle World
BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest
Glenfiddich Distillery in Dufftown

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 27

Equipment News
Neuenhauser 3F Portable Star Screen

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 88

Book Review: More Inconvenient Truths, This Time For Recycling
Junkyard Planet by Adam Minter

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 85
Richard Hertzberg

Managing Swine Manure In Utah
Liquid effluent is pumped from finishing barns to a one million gallon influent basin (above left). Submersible pumps transfer the liquid via a series of pump lift stations (above right) to the covered digesters.

The Blue Mountain Biogas plant installed two covered digesters with a total capacity of 22 million gallons to manage manure from about one million hogs raised annually.
Bryan Orchard
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 54

Digester Fueled By Postconsumer Organics
The receiving building houses a bioseparator to remove packaging and other contaminants.

The JC-Biomethane anaerobic digester in Junction City, Oregon, processes source separated organics from the Portland region. Digested solids are composted at an adjacent facility.
Katrina Mendrey

High Solids Anaerobic Digestion + Composting In San Jose
The four in-vessel composting tunnels (one shown on left in photo) are next to one of the banks of digesters (to the right). Content of two digesters fills one composting tunnel.

Housed inside a 100,000 sq. ft. building at the southern edge of the San Francisco Bay, a dry fermentation
AD system with composting bays is processing commercial organics from the City of San Jose.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 42

The Evolution Of New York City’s Big!Compost
BIG!Compost recently installed a GORE cover system at its 10,000 sq ft community composting operation located under the Queensborough Bridge.

The story of how a three-bin composting system in a community garden evolved into a full-fledged community composting facility on track to process over 300 tons of residential food scraps in 2015. Part III
Louise Bruce
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 66

Editorial: Why REFOR Now
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 6

BioCycle March-April Double Issue
BioCycle March-April Issue, 2014 Double Issue

BioCycle will publish a double issue, March-April, to be mailed March 25. This is the official Conference issue of BioCycle REFOR14 West. The following issue, May, will be in the mail about May 19. A total of 11 issues will be published in 2014.

AgSTAR 2014 National Workshop is at BIOCYCLE REFOR14 WEST
US EPA AgSTAR 2014 National Workshop

Learn more about this Workshop
Learn more about BIOCYCLE REFOR14 WEST

BioCycle World
(Left to right) Lori Scozzafava (Executive Director of the US Composting Council (USCC)), Kathy Kellogg Johnson (Kellogg Garden Products), Nora Goldstein (Editor of BioCycle), Michele Young (City of San Jose), Lorrie Loder (President of the USCC)

BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 6

Greenmarkets Facilitate Food Scraps Diversion In NYC
New York City residents have an opportunity to recycle food scraps at weekly Greenmarkets. Currently, 35 of the 54 Greenmarkets have drop-off sites.

A range of collaborative programs involving city agencies and community composters has helped increase the diversion of household food scraps.
Part II
Nora Goldstein

Composting Roundup
Ranvinder (Rana) Bains of Bluebird Composting in Fulton, Missouri

BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 10

Connections: Teamwork!
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 46

Heat Recovery From Compost
Figure 1. Flow diagram of UNH heat recovery system

New system installed at University of New Hampshire research farm captures both the thermal energy in the hot air generated by the composting process and in the water molecules of the vapor stream itself.
Matt Smith and John Aber
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 27

Guam Advances Zero Waste Plan
The Ordot landfill was closed to new dumping in 2011, which elevated the importance of Guam’s Zero Waste Plan.

With over one million tourists annually and an increase in its military population, the island of Guam is implementing a comprehensive zero waste program.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 36

Cooperative Approaches To International Agricultural Biogas Projects
The BioSynergy digester site in Huimbayoc, San Martin (Peru) is providing 4 hours’ worth of energy daily to residents, a community center, school, clinic and church.

Small-scale digesters around the world offer many benefits to rural communities. Some employ cooperative approaches that result in large-scale benefits across the agriculture sector.
Allison Costa
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 39

Feedstock Seasonality Impact On Biogas Production
May food waste (top, left) May yard trimmings (top, right) October yard trimmings (bottom, left) November food waste (bottom, right)

First graduate student to work on-site at University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh dry fermentation digester describes feedstock variations and biogas production trends.
Brooke Koenig
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 43

Equipment News
Peterson 5710D horizontal grinder

BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 48

Anaerobic Digest
Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 13

Editorial: Face Value
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 4

BioCycle World
Biodegradable Products Institute (BPI) introduces new BPI Compostable Logo. Logo will appear on a growing number of BPI-approved products.

BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 6
BioCycle REFOR14 West: Official Conference Of The American Biogas Council • National AgSTAR Workshop On April 7 • Mayor Bloomberg Signs Organics Diversion Law • California Governor’s Proposed Budget Is Great News For Organics Recycling • Sierra Nevada Brewing Reaches 99.8% Waste Diversion • Passionate About Biosolids• New BPI Compostable Logo • Recycling Employment Trends In North Carolina

Food Waste Composting At San Diego Hotels
The Lodge at Torrey Pines, as well as other hotels in the program, has been recognized under the City’s Annual Waste Reduction and Recycling Awards Program. Placement of the organics cart in the kitchen (above), as well as filled carts lined up for collection, are shown.

The city has assisted participant hotels in increasing their overall diversion rates — in some cases, by 400 percent or more.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 28

Source Separated Organics Digestion In Alberta
Growing Power Hairy Hill started with an anaerobic digester to process manure from an adjacent cattle feedlot. Today, the facility is receiving 200 tons/day of source separated organics from the Edmonton region.

An existing manure digester, colocated with an ethanol plant, is accepting up to 200 tons/day of municipal source separated organics, food processing wastes and biosolids.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 55

California City Advances Commercial Organics Recycling
Seven grocery stores are participating in Cupertino’s Food Recovery Challenge (example of container above). A total of 2,000 tons of food waste has been diverted.

City of Cupertino receives U.S. EPA Innovation Award for integrating its ambitious food waste reduction goals with its waste hauler.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 36

Testing For Persistent Herbicides In Feedstocks And Compost
Figure 1. Antibody and antigen

New testing methods may be available by mid-2014, including molecularly imprinted polymers that simplify extraction and analysis procedures, and a “dipstick” to test for the presence, although not necessarily the concentration, of certain persistent herbicides. Part III
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 31

County Yard Trimmings Facility Achieves EMS Certification
Fall leaves are deposited in long windrows, approximately 8-feet high and 10-feet wide. In the spring, grass is added to the existing rows and the windrows are turned periodically.

The steps to implementing an Environmental Management System at the Dickerson Composting Facility in Maryland, and the benefits to both the community and the operation, are described.
Marilu Enciso
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 39

Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps!
Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps

Tweet Update to BioCycle’s online directory, FindAComposter.com, finds 93.5 percent increase in facilities that can accept food scraps in the United States. Aaron Krossovitch, Stephanie Katsaros and Nora Goldstein BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 24 In April 2007, BioCycle launched FindAComposter.com, a publicly searchable database of composting facilities in the United States

Biodigesters And Dehydrators — Operational Experiences
One dehydrator is being filled (on left), while the second has finished the drying cycle and is unloading (above).

Interviews conducted with representatives of corporate facilities, a university, a hotel and a hospital indicate success with these systems in their particular settings. Part II
Zoë Neale
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 52

Editorial: Composting Heats Up
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 4