Advancing Organics Recycling On The East Coast
Demo plots have been installed on the Turf Valley Country Club grounds (adjacent to Conference hotel) to compare standard treatment for turf establishment to “suburban subsoiling” via decompaction and compost amendment. Inset image features core sample of soil prior to treatment.

Meeting demand for organics processing infrastructure, building climate-resilient communities and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay watershed are hot topics for discussion at BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 28

Volunteers, Master Composters At Core Of Organics Diversion
Cayuga Compost services the totes and composts the festival food scraps and compostable serviceware. Starting in 2015, the facility will not accept compostable utensils as they aren’t breaking down in its windrow system.

The Finger Lakes GrassRoots Festival draws about 20,000 people to the 4-day event. Compost Crew volunteers, many of them Master Composters, run the organics diversion program.
Claire Siegrist and Dori Chandler
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 83

 

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Music Festivals Keep Beat With Composting
Volunteers manually sift through each waste stream at a rudimentary sorting station to remove cross-contamination (inset). Compostable plates, cups and utensils are used at Bonnaroo (shown at composting farm). Vendors are provided purchasing guidelines set forth by the festival.

This year’s Bonnaroo Music & Arts festival, attended by over 80,000 people, generated 120 tons of compostable material being processed on-site.
Stephanie Katsaros
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 80

Urban Composting Born Out Of U.S. – Mexico Collaboration
Municipal yard trimmings were chipped in a hand-fed chipper/shredder and windrows were turned by hand during the pilot-scale composting project at the Tijuana Urban Compost Center.

A 3 tons per week pilot project in Tijuana, Mexico illustrated the potential of composting, and is a critical step to protecting a watershed shared with San Diego.
Rich Flammer
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 78

Food Waste Collection Companies Grow With The Flow
E.O.M.S. has over 300 food waste collection accounts. Customers use 64-gallon carts and/or 2- and 4-cubic yard containers (inset).

Interviews with haulers yield valuable insights into how to successfully set up and run dedicated organics collection routes.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 70

Understanding The Chemistry Of Compost Contact Water
Figure 1. Current and closed compost sites at Arboretum

Research study analyzed ground water coming into contact with active composting piles — both yard trimmings only and yard trimmings with food waste and paper. Part II
Ginny Black and Marcus Zbinden
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 48

 

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State Coalition Advances Food Scraps Diversion
Food scraps unloaded at Land and Lakes’ source separated organics composting facility in Chicago.

Illinois Food Scrap Coalition is focusing first on commercial collection programs to provide volume of food scraps necessary to promote route density for the haulers and foster growth of additional processing facilities.
Jennifer Jarland
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 37

 

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Connections: A Better WARM
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 85

Equipment News
Yuengling Brewery's 2G CENERGY cogeneration power plant.

BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 88

BioCycle World
Filtrexx's Student Design Competition at the 14th Annual Meeting of the American Ecological Engineering Society.

BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 8

Composting Roundup
Real Food Farm, in Baltimore, supports a community composting program by accepting food scraps and yard trimmings from residents.

BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 14

Colleges And Universities Invited To Compete In GameDay Recycling Challenge
biocycle_june_2014

GameDay Recycling Challenge invites colleges and universities across the nation to compete to see which school will produce the least amount of waste in their stadiums and tailgate areas this college football season.

California University Integrates Composting Education
The Center for Sustainability offers a variety of trainings, including one focused on vermicomposting, as well as a week-long certification course for professional composters.

California State Polytechnic University offers classes, trainings and hands on experience in composting and organic farming.
Ryan Cooper
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 39

 

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Students Grow A Food Scraps Program
University of Arizona student members of Compost Cats work at the composting site located at the San Xavier Co-op Farm.

A student group at the University of Arizona, the City of Tucson and a Native American tribe joined forces to collect and compost source separated organics.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 36

Forging Paths For New York City’s Community Composters
Lower East Side Ecology Center’s original composting site at East River Park in 1998 (top and middle) and its largest recycling drop-off location at 6th Street and Avenue B (bottom).

Christine Datz-Romero of the Lower East Side Ecology Center became a New Yorker in 1980. A need for soil to beautify a recycling drop-off site in 1990 led to offering food scraps drop-off and composting. Part IV
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 34

State Of Composting In The U.S.
State Of Composting In The U.S.

New report reviews composting basics, provides national and state-by-state statistics and job generation data, summarizes model programs, technologies and systems, and concludes with recommendations on how to grow composting in the U.S.
Brenda Platt and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 19

Composting Roundup
CJ Kimbell and Ethan Bumps, Kimbell Compost, LLC, Burlington, Vermont

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 12

Winning With Zero Waste
Zero waste sports

In the sports greening arena, the adoption of recycling and composting programs is proceeding at an increased pace. To ensure efficient and effective implementation, buy-in must occur at all levels of an organization, starting at the top.
Nate Clark
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 21

Community Achieves An Odor Solution
A conveyor belt (left) was installed to transfer dewatered biosolids directly from the treatment plant to the adjacent composting site — which was required to install a biofilter system (right).

How citizens of Missoula, Montana worked with the local health department, consultants and the local treatment plant and composting facility to address nuisance odors.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 31

 

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BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2014
BioCycle_Equipment_Systems_Directory

A guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries.

Contaminant Removal Strategies
Figure 2. DODA BioSeparator

Separation of materials requires identifying the appropriate characteristic by which sorting can be done, and optimized. Key separation characteristics are size, weight, density, hardness, magnetism, electrical conductivity and light refraction.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 46

 

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Zero Waste Composting
After establishing a robust prevention program, collection of the remaining SSO should be designed to leverage a community’s existing infrastructure, e.g., cocollection of SSO and recyclables.

An in-depth economic, social and environmental impact analysis factored in source reduction and home composting, as well as organics collection, composting and anaerobic digestion.
Joanna Stone, Kate Davenport and Bryan Ukena
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 33

 

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Call For Papers — BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014
bcec14

BioCycle East Coast 2014 will cover all facets of organics recycling — organics separation and collection, composting and anaerobic digestion, compost and biogas utilization and markets, technologies and systems — for the municipal, commercial, institutional, agricultural and industry sectors.

Deadline Extended For CalRecycle’s Greenhouse Gas Reduction Organics Grant Program
CalRecycle

Applicants have an additional 4 weeks …

Covering Up Operations
Operators at the UConn Agricultural Waste Composting Facility have ample space within the ClearSpan fabric structure to maneuver a 17-foot wide Komptech windrow turner.

Fabric structures prove to be effective in enabling a controlled environment for composting facilities.
Nate Clark
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 30

Florida County Taps Composting In Lagoon Remediation
An Algae Turf Scrubber (ATS) system cleans polluted water from the Lateral D Canal by pumping it over a sloping surface. Algae in the water attach to the ATS surface and grow, removing nutrients and other pollutants.

To help remediate Florida’s Indian River Lagoon — the most biologically diverse estuary in North America — an algal treatment system was installed, with algae harvested and composted.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 25

 

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Expanding AD Capacity In The UK
Basingstoke, Hampshire

After raising $160 million in 2012, Tamar Energy Ltd set out on an aggressive plan to build 40 anaerobic digestion facilities over the next five years, and generate 100 MW of green electricity.
David Riggle
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 62

 

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High Solids Anaerobic Digestion + Composting In San Jose
The four in-vessel composting tunnels (one shown on left in photo) are next to one of the banks of digesters (to the right). Content of two digesters fills one composting tunnel.

Housed inside a 100,000 sq. ft. building at the southern edge of the San Francisco Bay, a dry fermentation
AD system with composting bays is processing commercial organics from the City of San Jose.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 42

Aerobic Composting And Anaerobic Digestion
Figure 2. Aerobic and anaerobic conditions (Image courtesy of U.S. Composting Council)

Both processes manage decomposition, carried out by biological organisms transforming the materials through chemical reactions. There are pros and cons to each process, and they can be used in series to enhance the value proposition of recycling organic materials.
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 32

 

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Composting Roundup
Ranvinder (Rana) Bains of Bluebird Composting in Fulton, Missouri

BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 10

Heat Recovery From Compost
Figure 1. Flow diagram of UNH heat recovery system

New system installed at University of New Hampshire research farm captures both the thermal energy in the hot air generated by the composting process and in the water molecules of the vapor stream itself.
Matt Smith and John Aber
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 27

Legal Perspectives On Odor Impacts
BioCycle February 2014

Washington State lawyer who works with both composting facilities and impacted neighborhoods explains the legal intricacies when it comes to off-site odors.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 30

 

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The Compost Odor Wheel
Figure 1. Composting odor wheel

Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 34

 

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Food Waste Composting At San Diego Hotels
The Lodge at Torrey Pines, as well as other hotels in the program, has been recognized under the City’s Annual Waste Reduction and Recycling Awards Program. Placement of the organics cart in the kitchen (above), as well as filled carts lined up for collection, are shown.

The city has assisted participant hotels in increasing their overall diversion rates — in some cases, by 400 percent or more.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 28

Using Compostable Bags In Marine Mortality Composting
Figure 2. Temperature profile of test piles during the six-week compostable bag study

Experiment shows viability of using compostable bags to store and transport marine animal waste, thus reducing the biological hazards and other related complications associated with handling this material.
Mark. A. King, Michael Huitt and Michael S. Clark
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 47

 

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Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps!
Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps

Tweet Update to BioCycle’s online directory, FindAComposter.com, finds 93.5 percent increase in facilities that can accept food scraps in the United States. Aaron Krossovitch, Stephanie Katsaros and Nora Goldstein BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 24 In April 2007, BioCycle launched FindAComposter.com, a publicly searchable database of composting facilities in the United States

Poultry Litter Composting On The Rise
A chicken farmer in Kentucky started making compost with its poultry litter as a base in 2010. Today, Charlie’s Compost is sold in 36 states.

A chicken farmer in Kentucky started making compost with its poultry litter as a base in 2010. Today, Charlie’s Compost is sold in 36 states.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 50

 

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Editorial: Composting Heats Up
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 4

War Veteran Succeeds On The Composting Front
Justen Garrity (inset) leased an 80-acre property that includes about 30 acres of farmland and 50 acres of woods. About 2 acres are used for the composting operation.

Unable to find a desirable job after returning from Iraq, Justen Garrity decided to open a composting business on a Maryland farm where he employs veterans and their family members.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle December 2013, Vol. 54, No. 12, p. 16

Celebrate World Soil Day, December 5, 2013
World Soil Health Day

In honor of World Soil Day on December 5, 2013, BioCycle shares Jerry Goldstein’s thoughts from 1975…

Minnesota Entrepreneur Creates Composting Infrastructure
Composting at the Good Thunder facility is done in windrows that are turned with a Vermeer elevating face unit (left). Screened compost is sold to area landscapers (right).

Full Circle Organics establishes cooperative agreements with local landowners to open and manage source separated organics composting facilities in the Midwest.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle November 2013, Vol. 54, No. 11, p. 27

 

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Composting Roundup
Composting on the Bently Ranch in Carson Valley, Nevada

BioCycle November 2013, Vol. 54, No. 11, p. 11
• Minden, Nevada: Composting On The Ranch
• Malmo, Sweden: Online Composting University
• Upper Marlboro, Maryland: Food Waste Composting Pilot Project
• Cambridge, Massachusetts: Curbside Residential Food Waste Collection Pilot
• Bennington, Vermont: Hauler Expands To Food Waste Composting
• Okeechobee, Florida: Indoor, Industrial-Scale Composting On Tribal Land
• Lansing, Michigan: Bill To Repeal Yard Trimmings Ban Defeated

California Composting Trial In Impacted Air Shed
The photovoltaic power system is comprised of panels, an inverter, a battery bank and a system of switches and timers all enclosed within a durable metal cabinet.

A low cost, low emissions composting system demonstrated in the San Joaquin Valley proved to be an effective tool in improving air quality. Part II
R. Horowitz, K. Barnes, J. Jones, P. Moon, T. Card, C.E. Schmidt and D. Noble
BioCycle October 2013, Vol. 54, No. 10, p. 33

 

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Small-Scale Biosolids Composting
A row of new wood chips is put down, then topped with layers of finished compost and biosolids. Feedstocks are mixed with a Brown Bear aerator attached to a skid loader.

Cambridge, Ohio retrofitted a portion of its vacuum assisted drying beds into a covered composting facility, processing about 300 dry tons/year of biosolids and wood chips.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle October 2013, Vol. 54, No. 10, p. 37

Washington State’s Revised Composting Rules
Cedar Grove Composting did not have to make design or operational changes at either of its composting facilities in Washington State to comply with the revised state rule.

TweetThe amended rule, which became effective in April 2013, specifically deals with issues seen to hinder development of the composting industry. Katrina Mendrey BioCycle October 2013, Vol. 54, No. 10, p. 26 Prior to 2003, legal standards regarding composting in the State of Washington were minimal and incorporated into the established solid waste regulations known……

 

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Commentary: Advocacy In Action
Lori Scozzafava

Lori Scozzafava
BioCycle October 2013, Vol. 54, No. 10, p. 44

Fish Waste Composting In Pacific Northwest
Much of the fish arrives whole, coming from offshore and onshore fisheries and hatcheries. A key to composting fish waste is use of a bulking mixture that soaks up the moisture.

North Mason Fiber in Washington State has mastered the art of composting large volumes of fish in aerated static piles.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle September 2013, Vol. 54, No. 9, p. 23

Correctional Facility Composting In Washington State
A cart lifter is used to unload food waste into the hopper of the mixer of a new in-vessel composter installed at Cedar Creek Corrections Center.

Nine of the 12 correctional centers operated by the Department of Corrections have on-site composting programs to manage food scraps, yard trimmings and in some cases, biosolids.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle August 2013, Vol. 54, No. 8, p. 32

 

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Composters Defend Against Persistent Herbicides
ing of its mixer, a Green Mountain Compost operator had to remove compost affected by a persistent herbicide.

To mitigate exposure, composting facility operators are modifying feedstock recipes and increasing use of plant bioassays of finished compost. Part II
Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2013, Vol. 54, No. 8, p. 21

Low Emissions Composting In California
Aeration was supplied by three 1.5 HP blowers, each powered by a photovoltaic system. Excess power generated during the day was stored in batteries so aeration could continue at night.

Project team evaluates positively aerated static pile method with a finished compost cap. Aeration was supplied by blowers powered by a photovoltaic system. Part I
Robert Horowitz and Dan Noble
BioCycle August 2013, Vol. 54, No. 8, p. 26

 

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Home Run For Organics Recycling
Sports Venue Greening Special Report

The Pittsburgh Pirates have been diverting food waste from all areas of PNC Park to composting since 2009. The Boston Red Sox initiated a program in 2011, starting with restaurants in Fenway Park.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2013, Vol. 54, No. 7, p. 27

Food Waste Composting Success
Amy Brooks and her brother Alan Brooks (inset) help manage the company started by their father, Dean Brooks.

Carolina composting company takes technique — and technology — to the next level.
Larry Trojak
BioCycle July 2013, Vol. 54, No. 7, p. 30

Editorial: A Positive Attitude
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2013, Vol. 54, No. 6, p. 4

Connection: Climate Calculations
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle June 2013, Vol. 54, No. 6, p. 52

Analyzing Food Waste Management Methods
Figure 1. Comparison of greenhouse gas emissions (as CO2e) from food waste management methods

Research was conducted on greenhouse gas emissions and the economics of five different options for communities to manage food waste streams — including codigestion and composting. Part III
David L. Parry
BioCycle June 2013, Vol. 54, No. 6, p. 36

 

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Federal Agencies Get With The Food Recycling Program
Some General Services Administration buildings collect postconsumer compostable waste from the cafeteria patron area and kitchenettes. A collection station is shown above.

General Services Administration facilities and Veteran Affairs medical centers are increasing source separation of food waste for diversion to composting.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle June 2013, Vol. 54, No. 6, p. 24

Design Considerations In Covered Aerated Static Pile Composting
The Gore cover system uses fabric covers made of a layer of ePTFE (see close-up) sandwiched between two layers of polyester for structure.

Synthetic covers include polyethylene (PE) tarps, flexible vinyl fabrics, PE fleece blankets and expanded polytetrafluoroeth-ylene. Covers are used with both forced and induced aeration. Part III
Craig Coker and Tom Gibson
BioCycle May 2013, Vol. 54, No. 5, p. 21

 

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Illinois Compost Manufacturer Controls The Elements
To better control the composting process, a ClearSpan fabric building was installed. The building accommodates four 450-foot long windrows.

LHF Compost, Inc. in Peoria processes yard trimmings, food waste and manure. Recently, it erected a fabric building, and does active composting under roof.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle April 2013, Vol. 54, No. 4, p. 26

 

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Food Recovery In San Diego
With 14.8 percent of the San Diego region in the food insecure individuals category, increasing food donation is an integral part of the city’s organics program.

Source reduction, diverting for reuse and composting are the best combined practices for food scraps management. This article highlights food donation potential in the City of San Diego.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 33

Integrated Organics Management In Central Washington
Figure 1. Components of PacifiClean’s organics processing facility

PacifiClean Environmental is building a composting and anaerobic digestion facility about 90 miles from Seattle to process a wide range of source separated organics.
Nicole Rinauro
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 52

Composting Roundup
Green Mountain Technologies’ Earthflow-22 in-vessel composting unit at the IOS Ranch of Bainbridge Island.

Tweet BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 12 Atlanta, Georgia: City Adopts Green Infrastructure Policies In mid-February, the Atlanta City Council unanimously adopted a Post-Development Stormwater Management Ordinance that promotes use of green infrastructure practices in new and redevelopment projects in the city. Drafted by the Department of Watershed Management, the ordinance offers

State Fertilizer And Soil Amendment Rules
BioCycle West Coast Conference 2013 Preview

Departments of Agriculture in every state regulate fertilizer and soil amendment sales/distribution, including compost and digestate products. Here’s a summary of the latest rule developments, FAQs and more.
Ron Alexander
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 44

 

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BioCycle World
BioCycle World

BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 6

Pipe And Blower Fan Fundamentals In ASP Design
Facilities can test various piping system designs, such as entrenching the pipes as shown in this pilot test (top). ASP composting designs most often use centrifugal blowers (bottom), as these are recommended for systems with back pressure caused by having long runs of piping or ducting

Effectiveness of aerated static pile composting depends largely on the aeration system, which can comprise a large portion of the facility’s cost and energy use. Part II
Tom Gibson and Craig Coker
BioCycle February 2013, Vol. 54, No. 2, p. 24

 

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School Recycling Lessons
Kitchen staff at the Far Hills Country Day school cut hot dogs and hamburgers in half before serving to help reduce wasted food.

After two decades of engaging K-12 schools to implement recycling and food waste composting, the author provides insights on how to ensure program longevity.

Charleston County Fosters Food Waste Composting
Food Waste Disposal began its dedicated organics collection service in March 2012. Customers are provided 64-gallon totes, and food waste is hauled to the Bee’s Ferry Compost Facility.

After a year-long pilot, the South Carolina county received a permit to process food waste at its yard trimmings composting facility. Generators and haulers are stepping up to the plate.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 47

Design Considerations In Aerated Static Pile Composting
Examples of a negative aeration system installed at the City of Burlington, North Carolina’s biosolids composting facility (left) and a positive aeration system at Blue Hen Organics in Frankford, Delaware (right) are shown.

ASP fundamentals, including recipe development to ensure adequate free air space, are discussed. Part I
Craig Coker and Tom Gibson
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 30

 

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Commentary: Growing The U.S. Composting Industry
Michael Virga

Michael Virga
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 54

Trimming Costs With Composting
All produce, bakery products, deli meats and salads, floral products and coffee grounds and filters are accepted for composting. Until last fall, meat and seafood also were diverted, but now a renderer services the stores at no charge.

Weis Markets, a regional supermarket chain based in Pennsylvania, is bringing a total of 50 stores onto its food scraps composting program in 2013.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 22

Burn Ban Spawns A Composting Facility
Patti Johnson, director of Kittitas County’s solid waste programs and Matt Peebles, landfill operations manager

Kittitas County, Washington opted to switch from contract services to its own yard trimmings composting operation four years ago.
Larry Trojak
BioCycle December 2012, Vol. 53, No. 12, p. 35

On-Site Food Waste Composting Closes The Loop
Food residuals are collected in red barrels at the dining and residence halls (1). Yard trimmings and food residuals are blended in a mixer (2) and then loaded into a rotary drum (3). After a 3-day retention time, material is conveyed to a composting area (4), where windrows remain for 4 weeks prior to curing.

Pre and postconsumer food scraps from dining and residence halls are mixed with yard trimmings and processed in a rotary drum followed by windrow composting.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2012, Vol. 53, No. 12, p. 28

Composting Roundup
Grant Gibson's "Compost Cincy" large-scale composting operation is located on a former brownfield site in a manufacturing area seven miles north of downtown Cincinnati.

BioCycle December 2012, Vol. 53, No. 12, p. 14

Evaluating Composting for Contingency Bases
The Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall in Arlington, Virginia is hosting the demonstration of a Green Mountain Earth Flow composting system. A mix that represents the feedstock generated by contingency bases is being tested.

Technology is being evaluated to demonstrate a potentially viable supplement to waste incineration at Department of Defense bases that support operations of deployed units.
Paul Brezovec
BioCycle November 2012, Vol. 53, No. 11, p. 20

Building Sustainable Sanitation Systems
Sugarcane bagasse is added to the toilet waste at the composting sites as a bulking agent, and to absorb excess leachate and help control odors.

A low cost system of resource management such as composting toilets is helping to mitigate many of Haiti’s social and ecological challenges.
Rich Flammer
BioCycle November 2012, Vol. 53, No. 11, p. 34

Students Take On Campus Food Waste Composting
Student workers at St. John’s University built the composting system.

A student-built and operated composting system at St. John’s University in Queens, New York processes about 2 tons/semester of food and coffee grounds.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle November 2012, Vol. 53, No. 11, p. 32

Composting Roundup
Jane Curtis Gazit, Keep Magnolia Clean

BioCycle November 2012, Vol. 53, No. 11, p. 12

Food Waste Composting Progress In The Southeast
Figure 1. Florida DEP permitted composting facilities, 2012

Developments in North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida are captured in this roundup of commercial food waste diversion to composting.
Miriam Zimms and David Ver Eecke
BioCycle October 2012, Vol. 53, No. 10, p. 20

The Maldives: Managing Wastes In Paradise
Informal waste collectors pick up mostly from residences, and bring materials to a transfer station (above).

Vulnerability to rising sea levels led the Maldivian government to develop a plan to achieve carbon neutrality that includes a call for widespread adoption of composting.
Martin Medina
BioCycle October 2012, Vol. 53, No. 10, p. 49

 

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Composting Roundup
Chesapeake Compost Works opened October 1, 2012 in a 54,000-square-foot building in the industrial section of Baltimore City. The building housing the composting facility is more than 100 years old and has had many past uses, including airplane and train manufacturing.

BioCycle October 2012, Vol. 53, No. 10, p. 12

Road Kill Composting Implementation In Virginia
Figure 1a. Windrow 1 on bare ground above buried lysimeters | Figure 1b. Windrow 2 constructed on heavy plastic

Study investigating static windrow composting of road-killed deer with wood chips finds minimal leachate discharge and effective pathogen destruction.
B.M. Donaldson, G. P. Smith, Y. Kweon, D.L. Wilson and N. Sriranganathan
BioCycle October 2012, Vol. 53, No. 10, p. 39

 

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Composting, Organics Recycling, Anaerobic Digestion