San Diego Hotel Goes Big On Sustainability
All containers and carts are brought to a central food waste collection area where they are emptied into a 20-cy solar-powered compactor, which utilizes about 50 percent less energy than a standard compactor.

Hotel with over 1,000 guest rooms is diverting close to 400 tons annually of preconsumer food trimmings and postconsumer food scraps.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 30

Mountain Town Zeros In On Food Scraps Diversion
The tipping fee at the PCSWC for organics is $35/ton (compared with $52/ton for standard trash).

“SCRAPS”— a joint program between the City of Aspen and Pitkin County, Colorado — is an example of how motivation and collaboration can propel organics diversion within a municipality.
Nate Clark
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 20

Composting Roundup

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Bio-Bus: sewage and municipal waste powered

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 13

Composter Brings On Residential Food Scraps Stream
The mass bed is turned a minimum of every 7 days with a Vermeer elevating face compost turner.

Eight months into processing curbside collected source separated organics from the City of Seattle, Lenz Enterprises’ strategy for contaminant removal is effective.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2014, Vol. 55, No. 11, p. 20

Composting Roundup
University City District’s (Philadelphia) Dirt Factory

Tweet BioCycle October 2014, Vol. 55, No. 9, p. 11 Seattle, Washington: City Sets Organic Waste Fine To Meet Recycling Target Beginning next July 1, Seattle area households, apartment buildings and businesses that include more than 10 percent organic waste by volume in their bins or dumpsters will be fined, following the City Council’s unanimous

Volunteers, Master Composters At Core Of Organics Diversion
Cayuga Compost services the totes and composts the festival food scraps and compostable serviceware. Starting in 2015, the facility will not accept compostable utensils as they aren’t breaking down in its windrow system.

The Finger Lakes GrassRoots Festival draws about 20,000 people to the 4-day event. Compost Crew volunteers, many of them Master Composters, run the organics diversion program.
Claire Siegrist and Dori Chandler
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 83

Students Grow A Food Scraps Program
University of Arizona student members of Compost Cats work at the composting site located at the San Xavier Co-op Farm.

A student group at the University of Arizona, the City of Tucson and a Native American tribe joined forces to collect and compost source separated organics.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 36

City Residents Adapt To (And Like) Food Scraps Diversion
Outreach to residents includes a newsletter and a telephone hotline, as well as educational materials such as this poster.

Portland, Oregon switched to every other week trash collection with weekly recycling and organics service in 2011. Response to the initiative remains positive.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 33

Forging Paths For New York City’s Community Composters
Lower East Side Ecology Center’s original composting site at East River Park in 1998 (top and middle) and its largest recycling drop-off location at 6th Street and Avenue B (bottom).

Christine Datz-Romero of the Lower East Side Ecology Center became a New Yorker in 1980. A need for soil to beautify a recycling drop-off site in 1990 led to offering food scraps drop-off and composting. Part IV
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 34

Composting Roundup
CJ Kimbell and Ethan Bumps, Kimbell Compost, LLC, Burlington, Vermont

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 12

Building Farm And Food Scrap Digesters
The new digester at Longview Farm in Hadley, Massachusetts has three receiving tanks for food waste. They are separated and stored based on their energy content.

A steady stream of anaerobic digestion facilities are coming on line, most equipped to process food waste. This first of a two-part series profiles several farm digesters. Part I
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 58

Worms Compost Food Scraps At Correctional Facility
Each worm bed is able to process 500 to 600 lbs of food scraps every 2 to 3 weeks. (4) The current estimate for the number of worms (in total) is over four million.

An innovative mid-scale vermiculture system helps a state prison in San Diego County, California, save over $100,000 annually.
Rich Flammer
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 34

Food Scraps Diversion Goes To School
Charleston County School District food waste diversion

Beginning with the youngest, more and more residents are learning to source separate organics in Charleston County, South Carolina.
Nate Clark
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 21

Composting Roundup
Susannah Castle, Blue Earth Compost

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 16

Rolling Out A Statewide Organics Ban
The largest generators of food scraps (>104 tons/year) must start separating them on July 1, 2014 if there is a permitted composting facility within 20 miles to receive them. Green Mountain Compost in Williston, Vermont, a municipally-funded operation, is permitted to take food scraps.

Vermont’s Act 148 makes state first in the nation to mandate residential food scraps recycling and pay-as-you-throw solid waste collection to incentivize diversion.
Robert Spencer
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 82

Entrepreneurs See Opportunity In Food Scraps Collection
Ty Schmidt (middle), with sons Carter (left) and Jameson (right), work together to collect food scraps from their customers. Carter’s Compost employs the services of Jameson and three other kids in Traverse City to “sling buckets” and assist their neighbors in diverting food scraps from disposal. Photo by Beth Price

Interviews with four small-scale collection services offer insights into innovative residential and commercial food scraps diversion.
Nate Clark
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 71

Greenmarkets Facilitate Food Scraps Diversion In NYC
New York City residents have an opportunity to recycle food scraps at weekly Greenmarkets. Currently, 35 of the 54 Greenmarkets have drop-off sites.

A range of collaborative programs involving city agencies and community composters has helped increase the diversion of household food scraps.
Part II
Nora Goldstein

Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps!
Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps

Tweet Update to BioCycle’s online directory,, finds 93.5 percent increase in facilities that can accept food scraps in the United States. Aaron Krossovitch, Stephanie Katsaros and Nora Goldstein BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 24 In April 2007, BioCycle launched, a publicly searchable database of composting facilities in the United States

BioCycle World

BioCycle November 2013, Vol. 54, No. 11, p. 6
• BioCycle is accepting abstracts for BIOCYCLE REFOR14 WEST
• US Department Of Energy “Spooktastic” Infographic
• Food Scraps Collection At NYC Greenmarket Hits 2 Million Pounds
• Big Bear MRF Dedication
• American Biogas Council 2013 Awards

Composting Roundup
Gore® Cover at Florence, Oregon Wastewater Treatment Plant's composting facility

BioCycle April 2013, Vol. 54, No. 4, p. 12

Food Recovery In San Diego
With 14.8 percent of the San Diego region in the food insecure individuals category, increasing food donation is an integral part of the city’s organics program.

Source reduction, diverting for reuse and composting are the best combined practices for food scraps management. This article highlights food donation potential in the City of San Diego.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 33

BioCycle World
USCC International Compost Awareness Week poster contest winner.

BioCycle February 2013, Vol. 54, No. 2, p. 6

Food Scraps Composting Laboratory
Food scraps are collected in 10-gallon buckets from the dining areas.

Kean University in New Jersey installed a rotary drum composter to process pre and postconsumer food waste from campus dining facilities.
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 33
Nora Goldstein

Trimming Costs With Composting
All produce, bakery products, deli meats and salads, floral products and coffee grounds and filters are accepted for composting. Until last fall, meat and seafood also were diverted, but now a renderer services the stores at no charge.

Weis Markets, a regional supermarket chain based in Pennsylvania, is bringing a total of 50 stores onto its food scraps composting program in 2013.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 22

Hospital Chain On Board With Food Scraps Diversion
Sharp Health Care's clean food waste arrives at Miramar Greenery compost site.

Since March 2012, two Sharp Health Care facilities in San Diego have been sending an average of 3.5 tons/week of clean food waste to the city’s composting facility.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle December 2012, Vol. 53, No. 12, p. 22

On-Site Composting At Urban Market
The market has three Earth Tub on-site composting units. It takes three weeks to fill up one tub, and three to four weeks for the material to degrade. Compost is used for landscaping at the market.

Michelle Balz
BioCycle September 2012, Vol. 53, No. 9, p. 22
Vendors generate almost 40 tons/year of food scraps, which are now composted on site with shredded wax corrugated and wood chips.


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Growing A Compost Company
Grow Compost bagged compost retail product

What began as a search for compost evolved into an enterprise processing food scraps, dairy and horse manure, coffee chaff and wood chips.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle May 2012, Vol. 53, No. 5, p. 18

Food Scraps Recovery In Ohio

State agencies convened stakeholders in 2007 to advance Ohio’s recovery of food waste. Almost five years later, collection and processing options abound.

Joe Goicochea and Angel Arroyo-Rodriguez
BioCycle February 2012, Vol. 53, No. 2, p. 22