Cover: BioCycle February 2018
BioCycle February 2018

• Feedstock Mixing Systems
• Innovating To Reduce Wasted Food Left On Farms

Editorial: Looking Back
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 9

Composting Roundup
sharewaste.org

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 13

Feedstock Mixing Systems
Stationary mixers installed at biosolids composting facility (1). Mechanical mixers evenly spread biosolids around each of the woody carbon bulking agent amendments (2). Cutting blades on Roto-Mix’s vertical flights help reduce size of feedstocks, e.g, whole fruits and cardboard (3). Supplemental offset paddle stirrer (4).

Mixing balances C:N ratios, distributes moisture more evenly, reduces particle sizes and homogenizes feedstocks — all key to getting composting off on the right foot.
Craig Coker
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 15

Innovating To Reduce Wasted Food Left On Farms
Broccoli “fines”were a hit with Bon Appétit chefs, but the farmer recognized the volume of waste and changed processing equipment.

Gleaning and minimal processing have facilitated enterprise development and markets for edible produce that is unharvested or cosmetically imperfect. Part I
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 18

Will The Tax Cuts Act Cut Back AD?
BioCycle Energy

The Act signed into law in late December is better than many forecast — but the jury’s still out regarding the effects on anaerobic digestion and other renewable energy projects.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 2

Connections: O Tannenbaum
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 31

Equipment News
Action Equipment Co.’s VIBRA-SNAP® Screen

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 32

Cover: BioCycle January 2018

Open Source Field Testing For Certified Compostable Packaging
Sensor-Controlled Contaminant Removal, Organics Separation
Basics Of Biogas Upgrading

Editorial: Call To Action
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle WEST COAST18 Keynote Speakers

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Lima Compost's clay composting pots

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 14

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 20

Open Source Field Testing For Certified Compostable Packaging
Partially disintegrated compostable cellulose bag.

An open-source, international field testing program is designed to determine real-world field disintegration of certified compostable packaging across Canada and the U.S.
Emily McGill and Cary Oshins
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 26

Sensor-Controlled Contaminant Removal, Organics Separation
Organix Solutions installed an automated bag sorting system that utilizes color recognition and a robot to recover household organics contained in blue bags.

Sensory detection techniques are applied to both source separated and commingled solid wastes to reduce contamination, segregate components, and improve feedstock quality.
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 30

Massachusetts Pioneers Food Waste Separators

Installation of food waste depackaging facilities across the state results in fewer commercial organics ban exemptions for packaged food generators.
Robert Spencer and Morgan Casella
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 35

Organics Recycler Tackles The Tailings
The Smithfield Peat Co. 81-acre facility includes yard trimmings composting (1), tailings separation and cleaning (2), and mulch production and colorizing (3).

Smithfield Peat acquired a newly designed air separator to help process 100,000 cubic yards of mixed stone, wood and loam tailings into marketable products.
Joe Gallagher
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 40

Community-Scale Composting At Urban Gardens And Farms
Real Food Farm has established a model small-scale community-centered composting site in northeast Baltimore. A 5-bin rat-resistant system processes hundred of pounds of food scraps from the farm and its composting cooperative’s members.

The Neighborhood Soil Rebuilders program, developed by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance, teaches community leaders how to compost locally in order to support food production.
Linda Bilsens Brolis
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 46

Wood Recycler Expands Into Compost Manufacturer
Cowart, Inc.’s facility in Athens, Georgia composts yard trimmings and preconsumer food waste in windrows. It uses a Vermeer turner.

How a company that started as a small tree care service in the late 1980s evolved into a compost and mulch manufacturer with multiple facilities in the Southeast U.S.
Matt Eul
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 50

Basics Of Biogas Upgrading
Figure 4. Membrane cross section

This primer serves as an introduction for anaerobic digestion projects debating what type of gas upgrading system is right for their needs.
Paul Greene
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 52

Connections: Tapping Our Hidden Superpowers
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 63

Equipment News

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 64

Subscriber Exclusive: Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S. (complete report)

  BioCycle Subscriber Exclusive: Click here to download the complete report, including all tabular data, in PDF format The 28-page “Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S.” report includes 13 figures and these tables: • Residential Food Waste Collection Access in the U.S., 2017: All curbside and drop-off programs/communities • Curbside Collection, 2013/14 vs…….

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Cover: BioCycle December, 2017
BioCycle December 2017

• Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S.
• Protecting Large Volume Compost Markets
Farm Digester Developments

View contents

Editorial: No Regrets
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Living Earth™

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
BioQube UK installation

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 16

Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S.
Austin, TX, the newest program included in this year’s survey, just rolled out curbside service to 52,000 households at the beginning of October, and plans to expand to all households by 2020 (left). Anoka County, MN has two year-round drop-off locations at county yard trimmings sites. Each site has separate drop-off containers for food waste/soiled paper/compostable plastics, yard trimmings and tree waste (right).

Survey of residential food waste collection programs across the country from June to November 2017 ultimately identified 148 curbside collection and 67 drop-off programs.
Virginia Streeter and Brenda Platt
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 20

Compost Use On Turf
The North Shore Country Club in Glenview, Illinois was an early adopter of using compost as a top dressing on golf courses. The Club utilizes an Ecolawn applicator to top dress its turf (loading the spreader (left) and application of an 85:15 sand-compost and biochar mix (right)).

Compost as a soil amendment prior to planting turf, and using it for maintenance as a top dressing product, are common applications on residential and commercial landscapes, ball fields and golf courses.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 26

Protecting Large Volume Compost Markets
Compost application

High volume sales at a moderate price point will likely continue into the foreseeable future in certain states.
To protect all compost markets, it’s essential that certified products are specified.

Ron Alexander
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 29

Farm Digester Developments
Figure 2. New farm digester projects vs. natural gas prices, 2000-2016

Conference presenters at BioCycle REFOR17 in Portland, Oregon discussed policies, trends and opportunities in the agricultural digester sector.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 36

Connections: One Size Does Not Fit All
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 38

Equipment News
Screen USA TROM512 Track Mounted Trommel Screen

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 40

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Fall 2017 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Cover: BioCycle November, 2017

• Food Waste Reduction Strategies In K-12 Schools
• 101 For RINs

Editorial: Still Busting Silos
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 6

Composting Roundup

BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 12

Keeping Compostables Out Of The Trash
Figure 4. Hangtag example

Research study tests three different outreach strategies to reduce amount of food scraps and food-soiled paper in residential trash bins.
K. Phelps, L. Large, W. Schultz and J. Ettlinger
BioCycle  November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 16

Food Waste Reduction Strategies In K-12 Schools
Clear signage in cafeterias is key for maximizing food waste audit success.

The Iowa Waste Reduction Center’s K-12 audits and training, and the Environmental Research and Education Foundation’s SCrAP program, provide critical tools to reduce food waste.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle  November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 24

101 For RINs
Figure 1. Congressional volume target for renewable fuel

Digester operators and developers are increasingly interested in upgrading biogas into renewable fuels, and tapping economic opportunities in the form of RINs.
Paul Greene
BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 36

Connections: Reinventing Grocery Shopping
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 39

Equipment News
Komptech’s Multistar S3 Screener

BioCycle  November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 40

Subscriber Exclusive: The State Of Organics Recycling In The U.S. (complete report)
BioCycle, October, 2017

BioCycle Subscribers: Login to your BioCycle.net account to view the complete survey report.

This content is for subscribers only. Please login to view this content. (Register here.)
Editorial: Digging For Data
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 4

BioCycle World
A Strategic Guide for Using Data to Drive Food Loss and Waste

BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Solana Center joined forces with the County of San Diego and Hidden Resources in 2016 to create an introductory mid-scale composting workshop series that included two workshops, a hands-on build and six field trip options.

BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 14

The State Of Organics Recycling In The U.S.

BioCycle asked states to complete an organics recycling “Snapshot Survey” to collect most recent data on composting, anaerobic digestion and quantities of organics diverted.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 22

Moving Generators Towards Food Donation
The Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina recovers prepared food for donation.

A survey found that large food providers in the City of San Diego are adopting a more environmental, social and economic approach for their food purchasing and diversion systems.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 27

Correctional Facility Adopts Multiple Food Scraps Practices
Initially, only vegetative food scraps could be collected for vermicomposting due to the worms’ limited diet. Food scraps collection station (above)

Monroe Correctional Facility in Washington State uses low cost options — vermicomposting, fermentation and black solider flies — to process food scraps.
Nick Hacheney and Sally Brown
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 34

Poultry Litter Digestion And Digestate Analyses
Oril-Leader poultry farm AD system is the largest in Ukraine.

Data indicates codigestion with other substrates can improve biogas yield and quality. And most of the organic N is converted to ammonia, which can be converted to ammonium and nitrate by soil microbes. Part II
Craig Coker
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 42

Connections: More Green
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 47

Equipment News
Krohne’s Optisonic 7300 Biogas ultrasonic flowmeter

BioCycle  October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 48

Breaking News: September Webinars Of Interest
webinar

• Real Estate And Sustainable Soil Management
• Now What? Preparing for China’s Waste Ban
• Business Models For Community Composting

Cover: BioCycle September, 2017

• RNG Trends In Canada
• Closing The Loop
Field Testing Protocol For Compostable Packaging

Editorial: Show Time!
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 4

BioCycle World
NYC Food Waste Fair

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Atlas Organics' Compost House program uses 5-gallon collection pails with a compostable liner.

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 16

Anaerobic Digest
Anaerobic digester sourced energy will be used to produce the BMW X3

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 22

Closing The Loop

Growing A Revolution, published in Spring 2017, examines how restoring fertility to soils can be done rapidly and effectively through recycling organic matter and regenerative farming practices.
David R. Montgomery
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 27

RNG Trends In Canada
The Surrey Biofuel Facility in Surrey, BC (left) is expected to add 120,000 gigajoules of RNG to the FortisBC pipeline in Fall 2017. Biogas generated at the Salmon Arm Landfill in Salmon, BC is upgraded (above) for pipeline injection.

Interest in production and utilization of renewable natural gas is growing in several provinces. The federal government is expected to implement carbon pricing, which could help accelerate RNG initiatives.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 30

Measurement, Motivations And Opportunities To Waste Less Food
Figure 1. External influences on household food waste dynamics and individual behavior

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality releases findings on psychological, socio-economic and structural drivers that contribute to generation of preventable wasted food in households.
Ashley Zanolli
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 39

Field Testing Protocol For Compostable Packaging
At the CASP, the bags were laid on the side of a new row and buried as the row was built.

Compostable product disintegration trials conducted in British Columbia help lay groundwork for open source, field testing protocol.
Chantal Strand and Emily McGill
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 46

Poultry Litter Digestion
Poultry litter contains valuable major and minor plant nutrients, and a significant amount of energy.

Poultry litter — a heterogeneous and fairly dry mix that includes manure and bedding — can be diluted to improve its digestibility. Part I
Craig Coker
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 50

Equipment News
DTE Grit Removal System

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 64

Cover: BioCycle August, 2017

• Reducing Waste Food In Tennessee
• Florida Organics Recycler Expands Exponentially
• Food Waste To Renewable Natural Gas

View contents

Editorial: Puzzle Pieces
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World
Encore's condensate recovery unit

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Central Soils' (New Zealand) Loadscan volumetric scanner

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 13

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 16

Reducing Wasted Food In Tennessee
The Nashville Food Project (TNFP) brings people together to “grow, cook and share nourishing food, with the goals of cultivating community and alleviating hunger.” Delvin Farms shown donating strawberries to the TNFP.

About 15 percent of Tennessee households are food insecure, and almost 1.2 million tons of food are landfilled annually. The state is moving quickly to address both realities. Part I
Ashley Cabrera
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 18

Residential Organics Diversion In Toronto
Source separated organics collection is available to 65 percent of Toronto’s multifamily residential buildings.

Almost 160,000 tons of source separated organics were collected for anaerobic digestion and/or composting in 2016. About 78% came from households.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 24

Florida Organics Recycler Expands Exponentially
Sarasota-based 1 Stop Landscape Supply & Yard Waste Recycling Facility processes about 70,000 tons/year of yard trimmings, land clearing debris and pallets.

Acquisition of a 10-acre yard trimmings operation in 2004 laid the groundwork for a 100-acre facility that manufactures compost, mulch, soil blends and recycled concrete products.
Niki Vala and Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 28

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Summer 2017 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Food Waste To Renewable Natural Gas
Solid food waste feedstocks will be depackaged, decontaminated and slurried to 10 to 14 percent solids in the Re:Sep system (example installation above). The unit includes a vertical paddle mill with 2 sizes of screen mesh.

Groundbreaking held in June for 180,000 tons/year anaerobic digester that will generate up to 3,000 dekatherms/day of renewable natural gas.
Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 41