Cover: BioCycle October 2018
BioCycle October 2018

Special report on Curbside Collection includes:
Evaluating Options For Curbside Yard Trimmings Collection
PAYT Paves Way To Zero Waste
Strategies To Incentivize Waste Diversion

Editorial: The Final Warning
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Lexington converted an outdated, ununsed 30-acre landfill into a composting site. Operators use BACKHUS A60 compost turner and Doppstadt SM 720K trommel screen.

BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 17

Evaluating Options For Curbside Yard Trimmings Collection
Curbside Yard Trimmings Collection

Alternatives to weekly collection of yard waste set out in bags and bulk were examined, including required use of compostable bags, seasonal biweekly pick-up, and automated collection with carts.
Jeremy K. O’Brien
BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 20

PAYT Paves Way To Zero Waste
Pay As You Throw “Clip Art” from the U.S. EPA Archives, circa 1990s.

Why progressive recycling based on how residents pay for trash dramatically reduces waste disposal.
Neil Seldman
BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 24

Composting: Biology, Principles And Limiting Factors
“As a biological process, composting has all the advantages and limitations of a biological process,” quipped Dr. Golueke.

BioCycle looks back to the writings of Dr. Clarence Golueke to kick off our first in a series on the science and fundamentals of composting.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 29

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Anaerobic Digestion Of Aquaculture Organics
Salmon waste (top, right) is fed into an ensiling tank (center) equipped with an 18.5 kW stainless steel long shaft chopper pump (bottom, right). The “smooth purée” is then discharged into the pasteurizer.

Scottish waste authority recently installed a pasteurization system to enable it to accept salmon waste — and meet the UK’s Animal By-Product regulations.
Chris French
BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 37

Connections: Biochar Fundamentals
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 39

Equipment News
Morbark 23X Chiparvestor® whole tree disc chipper

BioCycle October 2018, Vol. 59, No. 9, p. 40

CAST Publication Looks At Crucial Food Waste Issues
Food Loss And Waste

A paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050

Cover: BioCycle September 2018
BioCycle September 2018

BioCycle REFOR18 Conference Preview section:
Federal Biogas Policies Update
Fate Of Compostable Bags In Digester Field Trials
Organic Waste Bans And Recycling Laws To Reduce Food Waste
Technology Combo Yields RNG And Compost
Moving The Biogas Needle In North Carolina

Editorial: Dollars And Sense
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World
Francis R. Gouin

BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Harvest Power's Fraser Richmond Organics facility (near Vancouver, British Columbia)

BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 20

Federal Biogas Policies Update
Federal Biogas Policies Update

The 2018 Farm Bill Reauthorization, U.S. EPA renewable fuel targets, and carbon utilization are among the legislative and federal agency activities in 2018.
Maureen Walsh
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 25

Organic Waste Bans And Recycling Laws To Tackle Food Waste
Organic Waste Bans And Recycling Laws To Tackle Food Waste

State and local governments have explored policy avenues to reduce and manage food waste.
E. Broad Leib, K. Sandson, L. Macaluso and C. Mansell
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 35

Technology Combo Yields RNG And Compost
Leachate from the dry AD tunnels is collected and put into the wet AD tank along with any liquid organics that Surrey Biofuel receives.

The Surrey Biofuel facility employs wet and dry anaerobic digestion, and tunnel composting, to manage municipal and commercial organics.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 42

Moving The Biogas Needle In North Carolina
A microgrid pilot project was installed at Butler Farms, a hog producer with an anaerobic digester. Components include a battery system and controller (below), solar panels, a diesel generator and a biogas-powered generator.

Could this state serve as a national model for how to catalyze the biogas economy?
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 46

Mulch Production Efficiency
Kreider Mulch utilizes a slow-speed shredder and a high-speed grinder (left) for mulch production. The company’s trommel (right) has two drums — one with sizing and the other a solid drum for colorizing.

Optimizing grinding, screening and coloring processes yields steady growth for a Pennsylvania enterprise.
Niki Vala
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 53

Home Composting Infrastructure To Manage Organics
The City of Orlando created Valentine’s Day cards that residents could use to gift a home composter to a loved one as part of its “Get Dirty” campaign.

New report from Institute for Local Self-Reliance details benefits of home composting for local government.
Brenda Platt, Colton Fagundes and Virginia Streeter
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 54

Connections: Back To Composting School
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 63

Equipment News
HRS Heat Exchangers

BioCycle September 2018, Vol. 59, No. 8, p. 64

Cover: BioCycle August 2018
BioCycle August 2018

Organics Recycler’s Expansion Strategy
Are California Markets Ready For Influx Of Recycled Organics?
Managing Organics In The “PFAS Age”

Editorial: Countdown To 60
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 4

BioCycle World
Management of MSW in the United States, 2015

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Windham Solid Waste Management District (Brattleboro, Vermont, donated approximately 15 cubic yards of its “Brattlegrow” compost to six area schools for use in their vegetable gardens.

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 14

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 18

Are California Markets Ready For Influx Of Recycled Organics?
Are California Markets Ready For Influx Of Recycled Organics?

A full-day Workshop at BioCycle West Coast18 explored that question. Outcomes and next steps are captured in a final report.
Ron Alexander and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 21

Organics Recycler’s Expansion Strategy
The Teton County (WY) site is exposed to wind, snow and wildlife. Photo by Lindsay Linton

Terra Firma Organics’ home base is Jackson, Wyoming, where it produces mulch and compost. It recently opened a new facility in Las Vegas, and acquired one in Reno.
Penny McBride
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 28

Managing Organics In The “PFAS Age”
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

PFAS in biosolids, composts, and residuals are not a large, urgent, immediate threat to public health and the environment. Engage in the dialogue to help guide thoughtful, science-based responses and understanding. Part II
Ned Beecher and Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 31

Hyperlocal Food To Soil Loops
Food2Soil team (top, from left to right): Skyler Wilder, Richard Williamson, Tara Stowell, Sarah Boltwala-Mesina and Jennifer Linder. Signage (bottom) describes Food2Soil’s mission of recovering food scraps to make “soil food.”

San Diego nonprofit collaborates with local generators, growers and gardeners “to transform food scraps into social, environmental and economic goods for communities.”
Richard Flammer
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 40

Connections: Silver Bullets
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 47

Equipment News
Gryphon Environmental dryer

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 48

Canadian Survey On Organic Waste Reduction

Colin Isaacs
The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, a body composed of environment ministers from the federal, provincial and territorial governments, has recently published a report, “National Survey Results: Identification of Stakeholder Views of Opportunities and Barriers for Organics Waste Reduction and Diversion.”

Cover: BioCycle July 2018
BioCycle July 2018

• “Wasted” Food Business Opportunity
• Recycling Cannabis Organics
• Codigestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.

Editorial: Perceptions
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle World
U.S. state recycling rates vs. waste generation

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 5

Composting Roundup
The Leaf Burrito® reusable yard trimmings curbside collection bag

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 11

“Wasted” Food Business Opportunity
Reyanne Mustafa and Kristian Krugman of SOULmuch

Watching kitchen staff throw away cooked grains that weren’t served at the restaurant where they work sparked creation of SoulMUCH, a San Diego cookie company.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 15

Recycling Cannabis Organics
Rexius in Eugene, Oregon receives cannabis waste that “is like any other green waste,” says Jack Hoeck, vice-president of environmental services.

The cannabis industry’s rapid growth has created a vexing challenge to producers — what to do with all the organic waste?
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 17

PFAS And Organic Residuals Management
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)

Fears and uncertainties about PFAS trigger regulatory actions that damage biosolids recycling programs and composting facilities, rather than targeting the source of the chemicals. Part I
Ned Beecher and Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 20

Codigestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.
Figure 1. Top five feedstocks accepted by digesters taking food waste by digester type (2015)

U.S. EPA survey of operators of anaerobic digestion facilities that accept food waste provides a national picture of total processing capacity, tons processed, and biogas produced.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 26

Equipment News
QED Environmental Systems, Inc.'s BIOMETHANE 3000

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 32

Cover: BioCycle June 2018

Evaluating Economics Of Facility Structures
Green Sports Alliance Update
Swine Manure To Biomethane
• Ontario’s Advanced Organics Policy

Editorial: Composting, The “Gateway Drug”
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 4

BioCycle World
Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI) TRUE (Total Resource Use and Efficiency) Zero Waste (ZW) certification program

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 5

Composting Roundup
“Suburban subsoiling” plot established for the BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014 “Soils For The Chesapeake” Workshop currently stands out with its “uniform verdant turf cover.”

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest
AD facilities processing food waste in U.S.

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 11

Evaluating Economics Of Facility Structures
Laurel Valley Soils utilizes its ClearSpan fabric buildings primarily for compost product storage.

Tool to assess the costs and benefits of a significant capital investment takes into account economic, environmental and social criteria.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 14

Green Sports Alliance Update 2018
Missouri Organic Recycling (MOR) conducted a field test of the compostable peanut bags in 2017.“The bags completely degraded in 49 days,”notes Kevin Anderson, Vice-President of MOR.

Among the latest developments are formation of Green Sports Alliance Japan, and commercialization of a compostable peanut bag.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 17

Swine Manure To Biomethane
Digester at Optima KV in North Carolina

The newest project to come on line in North Carolina collects biogas from 5 hog farm digesters and conditions it for pipeline injection.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 25

Commentary: Ontario’s Advanced Organics Policy

Colin Isaacs
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 30

Connections: Soil Health Indicators
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 31

Equipment News
Morbark, LLC 6400XT Wood Hog Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 32

2017 Survey Results: Anaerobic Digestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.
US Stand Alone Food Waste Anaerobic Digestion Facilities

Results of a 2017 survey of anaerobic digesters (AD) in the U.S. processing food waste was just released by the U.S. EPA Region 3 office.

Cover: BioCycle May 2018
BioCycle May, 2018

Facilitating Food Waste Digestion
Repurposing Composting Infrastructure
• From Drugs To Bugs

Editorial: Aspirational And Essential
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle REFOR18 18th Annual Renewable Energy From Organics Recycling Conference

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Seattle Woodland Park Zoo's Zoo Doo

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Stratford, Ontario Water Pollution Control Plant now featuring codigestion

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 12

Repurposing Composting Infrastructure
The original composting structure (inset) was retrofitted to house 3 primary and 2 secondary aerated static pile (ASP) bays with concrete block walls (left).

A Vermont solid waste district utilized a defunct biosolids composting site to create capacity for processing food waste.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 15

Science + Prisons Create Innovative Solutions
“These prisoners …. are fathers who care about the world their children are growing up in, they are environmentalists who care about the planet …,” said Nick Hacheney of his fellow “worm farmers” at the certification ceremony.

Sustainability in Prisons’ vermicomposting certification highlights how environmental science collaborations in prison benefit society and incarcerated people alike.
Nick Hacheney and Kelli Bush
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 17

From Drugs To Bugs
Black soldier fly larvae

My journey from a gang member to a Master Vermiculture Specialist.
Juan Carlos Hernandez
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 19

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Spring 2018 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Facilitating Food Waste Digestion
Dry fermentation digester at Blue Line Transfer processes about 11,000 tons/year of residential and commercial food waste and green waste.

Increasing volumes of commercial food waste, much of it contaminated or packaged, led digestion facility in South San Francisco to install a depackaging unit.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 32

Equipment News
Peterson Pacific Corp. 3310B drum chipper

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 40

Cover: BioCycle March/April 2018
BioCycle March/April, 2018

California Launches Its Organics Revolution
California Composting

Editorial: Championing The Champions
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 4

BioCycle World
The American-made molded fiber compostable round plate made for the Alliance is produced from 100 percent preconsumer recycled paper fibers.

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Allen-Oakwood Correctional Institution (AOCI) in Lima officially opened its Class II aerated static composting facility in a retrofitted cattle barn in January.

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
European Biomethane Map 2018

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 18

California Launches Its Organics Revolution
Left: Scott Smithline, Director, CalRecycle Right: Ken DaRosa, Chief Deputy Director, CalRecycle

The Director and Chief Deputy Director of CalRecycle explain scope of state’s landmark new climate law and describe creative solutions that are key to its success.
Scott Smithline and Ken DaRosa
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 22

California Composting
California permitted composting facilities by county

What is the “state of the State” in terms of composting capacity and compost markets in California? Location of infrastructure, market drivers and impact of organics-related laws are discussed.
Craig Coker and Jeff Ziegenbein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 28

Pipeline Injection Of Biomethane In California
Biogas is conditioned at the CR&R anaerobic digestion facility in Perris (CA) and then transported about 1.4 miles via a high-pressure steel pipe (shown here) to the SoCalGas interconnection “point of receipt” (see next photo).

Funds are available for project developers, and low carbon fuel market incentives are attractive. Will this lead to more RNG being injected into California’s gas pipelines?
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 32

Codigestion At Water Resource Recovery Facilities
Figure 1. Food waste receiving and processing system at Central Marin Sanitation Agency (CMSA).

In California, WRRFs have capacity to help provide food waste recycling infrastructure. Elsewhere in the U.S., facilities are ramping up to codigest these high strength feedstocks.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 36

K-12 School Food Recovery Roadmap
K-12 Wasted Food Reduction And Food Recovery Roadmap

Authors detail their journeys to implementing surplus food reduction and recovery programs at their K-12 school districts.
Nancy Deming and Janet Whited
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 42