Potential Game-Changer For RINs “Waivers”

Avalanche of small refinery RFS economic hardship “waivers” may be coming to an end after court ruling.
Michael H. Levin

Connections: Can Compost Draw Down Carbon?
Sally Brown

Series examines all the ways compost reduces CO2 in the atmosphere. Part I
Sally Brown

Design Plans For Low Cost Rotary Drum

A low-tech rotary drum composting unit to compost food waste is in use at several schools. The design is free to download.
Bob Spencer

Third Tier Of NYC Businesses Added To Organics Regulations
NYC Commercial Organics

The third tier of organics regulations for New York City (NYC) businesses has been signed into law and will be hitting the streets on July 31, 2020, reports Common Ground Compost, which offers source separation set-up, training and organics collection services. The following types of businesses are being added to the existing regulations, requiring them

Economics Of Backyard Chickens
Chicken dollar

Maureen Breen is president of Philadelphia Backyard Chickens and an advocate for feeding food scraps to chickens. She also supports regulatory changes in Philadelphia to allow for the urban chickens, which is prohibited at this time.

[Not Quite Healthy] State Of Curbside Recycling
State Of Curbside Recycling

The Recycling Partnership (TRP) released the 2020 State of Curbside Recycling Report in mid-February, and the state of the recycling union is not great — although the potential to reverse that is more promising. More than 20 million tons of curbside recyclable materials are disposed annually, notes the report.

Veteran Compost Hits 10-Year Milestone

Compost manufacturer collects commercial and residential food waste in the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. metro areas.
Nora Goldstein

Growing The Dairy Biogas-To-RNG Supply
Construction Vanguard Renewables Farm Powered Anaerobic Digester

Strategic partnership between Dominion Energy and Vanguard Renewables to build dairy digesters to produce RNG.
Nora Goldstein

Letter To The Editor: Can Scalable Organics Diversion Happen?
Rhodes Yepsen

Letter To The Editor: Can Scalable Organics Diversion Happen?
Rhodes Yepsen

Ann Arbor Keeps Residents Informed About PFAS
City of Ann Arbor PFAS Fact Sheet

The City of Ann Arbor, Michigan’s Compost Facility PFAS Fact Sheet — “Keeping Our Customers Informed About PFAS” — includes frequently asked questions about PFAS in compost.

LCFS Accredited Verifiers Announced
Low carbon fuel standard

California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) is designed to decrease the carbon intensity of the state’s transportation fuel pool and provide an increasing range of low carbon and renewable alternatives (including from renewable natural gas), which reduce petroleum dependency and achieve air quality benefits.

Maximizing Economic Return On AD Investments

Researchers at North Carolina State University (NCSU) and the University of Wisconsin, Madison have developed a computational model that could boost investment in farm-based sustainable energy projects by allowing investors to more accurately predict whether a project will turn a profit.

Treating PFAS Chemicals At Composting, AD Sites
Figure 2. Ion Exchange. (mage courtesy of USEPA

Review of membrane separation and ion exchange processes to treat contact water/leachate or groundwater to remove PFAS chemicals.
Craig Coker

BPI’s New Standard On Fluorinated Chemicals In Effect
BPI’s updated logo improves labeling of compostable products and distinguishes them from conventional ones.

BPI’s new standard for fluorinated chemicals went into effect on January 1, 2020. Products may no longer be claimed as BPI Certified, whether on the product itself, or on a product’s packaging or marketing materials, unless it meets all conditions of the rule, including no intentionally added fluorinated chemicals (as demonstrated in Safety Data Sheets). 

Draft Report On California SB 1383 Costs Of Compliance

CalRecycle invites stakeholders to review and provide feedback on a draft report, “SB 1383 Local Services Rates Analysis,” submitted by R3 Consulting Group as part of a study completed under a CalRecycle contract.

California Becomes First State To Mandate Universal Composting Services For Residents And Businesses
Green waste, food scraps and manure are delivered six days a week and piled into a windrow using a front-end loader.

Three years after California’s Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy (SB 1383, Lara) was signed into law, formal regulations were adopted by the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) at a public meeting today and will be transmitted to the Office of Administrative Law for final codification.

Connections: Compost + Rainwater Infiltration
Sally Brown

It’s all about increasing soil pore space.
Sally Brown

Managing PFAS Chemicals In Composting And Anaerobic Digestion
Sampling For PFAS

2020 PFAS Update Series, Part I
New series explores ramifications of PFAS in recycled organics and process storm water — and technology options to treat the contamination. Part I
Craig Coker

Biogas Tax Credits Resurrected
Anaerobic digesters producing electricity quality for PTC and ITC tax extender credits.

Under new law tax credits come to life again, for some anaerobic digesters.
Michael H. Levin

Financing Composting Infrastructure
Food waste and yard trimmings are composted Greenville County's Twin Chimneys facility, Atlas's first composting operation.

South Carolina-based Atlas Organics, Inc. has funded its early and growth stages with venture/private equity capital investments.
Nora Goldstein

Editorial: Does Food Waste = Contamination?
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle Editor

There is a distinct air of inevitability that introducing food waste automatically introduces plastic bags, packaging, compostable product lookalikes, etc.

BioCycle World
Bernie Sanders at the "Combating Climate Change with Organic and Regenerative Agriculture,” forum, held in Story City, Iowa on December 5, 2019.

• Presidential Candidates Weigh In On Soil Health
• Food Waste Reduction For Greener Schools
• No Final Vote On New Jersey’s Food Waste Legislation

Composting Roundup
Kesiah Brascom, OffBeet Compost

• Cafeteria To Composting In Massachusetts Schools
• New Composting Infrastructure In Pennsylvania
• University To Compost Food Waste In 2020

Anaerobic Digest
Two-Stage Linear Vortex™” digester at Prairies Edge Dairy Farms in Fair Oaks, Indiana

• Indiana Dairy Farm Updates Its Digester System
• Parity For Biogas

Paying For PFAS Clean Up
Ned Beecher

Ned Beecher, Special Projects Manager at the North East Biosolids & Residuals Association (nebiosolids.org), has spent the bulk of the past several years in the land of PFAS, educating the organics recycling community, regulators, and many others about these complex and pervasive compounds.

Top 10 Composting Trends In 2020

Organics disposal bans and tackling contamination are among the leading trends, nationally and regionally.
Nora Goldstein & Craig Coker

Editorial: Let’s Connect
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle Editor

The inaugural edition of BioCycle CONNECT®, the new BioCycle for a new decade, is being delivered January 8, 2020. We’ll be coming to you just about every week in 2020 with new and timely content on organics recycling projects, programs, policies, and practices — as well as dust off some oldies but goodies from BioCycle’s 60 years of article archives.

Connections: Compost + Cannabis
Sally Brown

While indoor growing may be done in the blindingly bright light, the industry as a whole is just coming out from the shadows. As an industry, composters can work with cannabis growers to reduce their environmental footprint and even improve product quality.
Sally Brown

BioCycle World
Food Waste, 1996-2017

• Florida Needs More Organics Recycling To Hit 2020 Goal
• NRDC’s Food Matters Toolkit
• Carbon Storage In Soil Protocol — Jan. 15 Webinar

Anaerobic Digest

• Pennsylvania WWTP Fills Food Waste Recycling Demand
• Unlocking Global Biogas Potential
• RNG Supply Assessment

Composting And Anaerobic Digestion Infrastructure Investment Insights
Atlas truck

Infrastructure news in December 2019 highlights organics recycling opportunities.

New Jersey Food Waste Recycling — Countdown To January 14
New Jersey food waste composting

The New Jersey Legislature is in the midst of a lame duck session that ends on January 14, 2020. Three pieces of food waste legislation are still pending and could be passed by the Legislature over the next several weeks. The three bills differ in key respects, and are based in part on legislation that has been enacted in other states.

Cover: BioCycle November/December 2019

BioCycle CONNECT, the new BioCycle for the new decade, captures our transition from print issues to e-issues.

Editorial: The World Needs To BioCycle
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 4

BioCycle World
Vermont Phosphorus Innovation Challenge

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Carbon sequestration testing

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Total capacity for processing food waste and total amount of food waste processed by digester type

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 14

Is Your Yard Trimmings Composting Site Food Waste Ready?
food waste, yard trimmings composting site

A new Community Toolkit walks municipal officials and facility operators through a series of considerations to determine if introducing food waste streams is a good fit.
Nora Goldstein and Coryanne Mansell
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 17

Compost And Plant Disease Suppression
Magnification of pathogenic Rhizoctonia solani isolated from soil on an organic vegetable farm in Vermont.

A microbial, community ecology approach to design compost amendments creates more reliable and resilient methods to suppress globally distributed soilborne pathogens.
Deborah A. Neher
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 22

Music Festivals Amp Up Organics Recycling Game
Food waste and certified compostable products were accepted in the compostables bin (right). Compost Crusader, based in Milwaukee, composted the materials.

Farm Aid has greatly increased organics diversion since 2007. Inspired by its partnership with Farm Aid, Live Nation announced its zero waste goal in September 2018.
Stephanie Katsaros
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 26

Comparison Of Compost Laboratory Results
Electrical conductivity measures all soluble nutrients in compost using a meter like the one shown above. The analysis does not differentiate between salts that are beneficial to soil health, and those that have negative impacts.

Identical samples of two composts were sent to 6 labs for testing and analysis. Results highlight differences between using the national TMECC standards versus other test methods.
Charles Duprey
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 29

BioCycle Trailblazers Finale: Biowaste Composting Trailblazers in Germany And Austria
BioCycle Trailblazers

Source separated organics collection and composting in Europe, and establishing standards for compost, were pioneered by these BioCycle Trailblazers.
Johannes Biala
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 33

Sanitation Districts Gear Up For Food Waste Codigestion
Food waste from commercial generators is loaded into a hopper with augers that move the material to the bioseparators.

Los Angeles County began operating its commercial food waste preprocessing facility. The slurry will be digested at the county’s Joint Water Pollution Control Plant.
Kelly Sarber
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 37

Successful Business Strategies For Codigestion At WRRFs
The Victor Valley Water Reclamation Authority (digesters shown) has used public-private partnerships for both of its energy development projects.

New report’s primary focus is on codigestion strategies that water resource recovery facilities can develop to create value, and to manage the associated financial risks.
Carol Adaire Jones
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 41

Connections: Collective Goodness
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 47

Equipment News
Continental Biomass Industries (CBI) CBI Magnum Force 6400CT Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 48

Cover: BioCycle September/October 2019
BioCycle September October 2019

The BioCycle REFOR19 Conference Preview articles include …

Editorial: “The Times, They Are A Changin’”
Rill Ann Goldstein Miller, Nora Goldstein

Rill Ann Goldstein Miller, Publisher and Nora Goldstein, Editor
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
The Baltimore Compost Collective employs and mentors disadvantaged Baltimore youth.

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
BioEnergy DevCo’s first project: BTS anaerobic digestion system at the Maryland Food Center in Jessup, Maryland.

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 19

Deep Dive Into Food Waste Management (Sourcing To Digesting)
Julie Schilf, U.S. EPA Region 5

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 22
BioCycle REFOR19 continues our in-depth coverage of a wide range of topics related to food recovery and food waste recycling.

Evolution Of A Food Waste Digester
North State Rendering Co., Inc.’s (NSR) anaerobic digestion facility produces RNG for vehicle fuel (left). NSR has accepted clean high strength organics streams (middle) for a number of years, and recently installed a depackager to increase its ability to process packaged food waste (right).

A digester built in 2012 by a rendering company to process its residuals is evolving into a merchant facility to manage all types of food waste streams.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 27

Market Outlook For Low Carbon Fuels
Brad Pleima, EcoEngineers

Overall, demand for RNG is strong in spite of an oversupply of D3 RINs in 2018.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 30

Biological Recycling Of Biodegradable Plastics
Test for biodegradation of biodegradable polymer molecules being conducted at the OWS, Inc. laboratory.

To meet demand for organics recovery and reduced plastic waste, biodegradable plastics will be an increasing part of the future. Biological recycling infrastructure must be ready to respond.
Norma McDonald
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 32

Closed Loop AD Solution For Cane Sugar Industry
Figure 1. Effect of organic loading on gas production

Research identifies process to make cellulose in tightly bonded lignocellulosic bagasse and cachaza substrates available to microorganisms for anaerobic degradation, without expensive pretreatment.
Avijit Dasgupta
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 37

EPA Rule Not Great For Clean Power
BioCycle Energy

EPA’s Affordable Clean Energy Rule may drastically reduce environmental compliance flexibility — and revenues for anaerobic digestion projects.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 43

Innovating To Reduce Phosphorus Impacts
After 15 days of composting under negative aeration, separated dairy manure solids were put in a drying zone (to release steam and drive off moisture) under positive aeration with heated air.

Two companies are demonstrating the integration of composting and filtration technologies for the Vermont Phosphorus Innovation Challenge.
Brian Jerose
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 47

Composting In Brazil
The Tera Ambiental Ltda. facility (Jundiai, State of São Paulo, Brazil), which uses both turned windrows and aerated static piles, features a composting capacity of 90,000 tons/years.

Composting agro-industrial residuals — from livestock manure to sugarcane sludges — is on the rise, with compost utilized for agricultural production.
M.J. L. Beltrame, K. Goldschmidt Beltrame and F. Carvalho Oliveira
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 50

Connections: On The Same Team
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 54

Equipment News
BioCycle REFOR19 Exhibit Ballroom

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 56

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Australia
Peter Wadewitz

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 24

Cover: BioCycle August 2019
BioCycle August 2019

WyoFarm Composting, part of Haderlie Farms in Thayne, Wyoming, collects and composts food waste in the Grand Tetons.

Editorial: Clarion Call
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle World
Bans and Beyond: Designing and Implementing Organic Waste Bans and Mandatory Organics Recycling Laws

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Compost from Windham Solid Waste District's (Brattleboro, Vermont) is being used on this industrial hemp in Massachusetts.

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Dane County (OH) Landfill RNG Facility (a BioCycle REFOR19 Site Tour)

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 14

BioCycle Trailblazers

In BioCycle’s 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition (July 2019), you met Trailblazers in the U.S. and Canada. We continue our tributes to BioCycle Trailblazers, both in the U.S. and internationally. More installments are anticipated before the end of our 60th year.

BioCycle Trailblazer: Mary Appelhof, Earthworm Educator
Mary Appelhof

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 21

Closed Loop Composting System In Wyoming
Haderlie Farms supplies area food establishments with produce. It started out taking back food scraps to feed its pigs, but then expanded to start WyoFarm, a commercial composting operation.

Signal Mountain Lodge partnership with farm results in a closed loop for food waste composting in the Grand Tetons.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 26

Front Of House Organics Collection
Waste audits (right) were conducted at a variety of food service establishments to determine capture rates, diversion rates and contamination rates for trash, recycling, and composting bins. Having simple, customized and visually-based signs (left) placed on collection bins all grouped together was recommended at all establishments.

Food scraps and napkins made up at least 57 percent of the contents of the composting bin in every sector, contrary to the belief that FOH collections are mostly packaging.
Kate Bailey and Brenna Raeder
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 31

BioCycle Trailblazers: Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman, Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 22

BioCycle Trailblazer: Tatjana (Tanja) Vujic, Director of Biogas Strategy, Duke University
Tatjana (Tanja) Vujic

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 23

Food Scraps Composting Grows In Illinois
The Solid Waste Agency of Lake County is promoting food scraps collection to help boost recycling. Midwest Organics Recycling in Wauconda Township is where many of the scraps are taken.

Over a dozen composting sites accept food waste, sparking expansion of residential, commercial and institutional diversion programs.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 35

BioCycle International Trailblazers: Italy
Rosanna Laraia

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 24

Connections: The Maggots’ Buffet
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 38

Equipment News
Peterson 1700D Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 40

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Ireland
Munoo Prasad

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 25

Cover: BioCycle July 2019
BioCycle July, 2019

“Celebrating 60 Years” with these special features: “BioCycle Trailblazers” (where images featured on the cover are found) and “Looking Back To Look Ahead

Editorial: 60 Years And Counting
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 4