Cover: BioCycle August 2018
BioCycle August 2018

Organics Recycler’s Expansion Strategy
Are California Markets Ready For Influx Of Recycled Organics?
Managing Organics In The “PFAS Age”

Editorial: Countdown To 60
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 4

BioCycle World
Management of MSW in the United States, 2015

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Windham Solid Waste Management District (Brattleboro, Vermont, donated approximately 15 cubic yards of its “Brattlegrow” compost to six area schools for use in their vegetable gardens.

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 14

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 18

Are California Markets Ready For Influx Of Recycled Organics?
Are California Markets Ready For Influx Of Recycled Organics?

A full-day Workshop at BioCycle West Coast18 explored that question. Outcomes and next steps are captured in a final report.
Ron Alexander and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 21

Organics Recycler’s Expansion Strategy
The Teton County (WY) site is exposed to wind, snow and wildlife. Photo by Lindsay Linton

Terra Firma Organics’ home base is Jackson, Wyoming, where it produces mulch and compost. It recently opened a new facility in Las Vegas, and acquired one in Reno.
Penny McBride
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 28

Managing Organics In The “PFAS Age”
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

PFAS in biosolids, composts, and residuals are not a large, urgent, immediate threat to public health and the environment. Engage in the dialogue to help guide thoughtful, science-based responses and understanding. Part II
Ned Beecher and Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 31

Connections: Silver Bullets
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 47

Equipment News
Gryphon Environmental dryer

BioCycle August 2018, Vol. 59, No. 7, p. 48

Canadian Survey On Organic Waste Reduction

Colin Isaacs
The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, a body composed of environment ministers from the federal, provincial and territorial governments, has recently published a report, “National Survey Results: Identification of Stakeholder Views of Opportunities and Barriers for Organics Waste Reduction and Diversion.”

Cover: BioCycle July 2018
BioCycle July 2018

• “Wasted” Food Business Opportunity
• Recycling Cannabis Organics
• Codigestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.

Editorial: Perceptions
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle World
U.S. state recycling rates vs. waste generation

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 5

Composting Roundup
The Leaf Burrito® reusable yard trimmings curbside collection bag

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 11

“Wasted” Food Business Opportunity
Reyanne Mustafa and Kristian Krugman of SOULmuch

Watching kitchen staff throw away cooked grains that weren’t served at the restaurant where they work sparked creation of SoulMUCH, a San Diego cookie company.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 15

Recycling Cannabis Organics
Rexius in Eugene, Oregon receives cannabis waste that “is like any other green waste,” says Jack Hoeck, vice-president of environmental services.

The cannabis industry’s rapid growth has created a vexing challenge to producers — what to do with all the organic waste?
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 17

PFAS And Organic Residuals Management
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)

Fears and uncertainties about PFAS trigger regulatory actions that damage biosolids recycling programs and composting facilities, rather than targeting the source of the chemicals. Part I
Ned Beecher and Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 20

Codigestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.
Figure 1. Top five feedstocks accepted by digesters taking food waste by digester type (2015)

U.S. EPA survey of operators of anaerobic digestion facilities that accept food waste provides a national picture of total processing capacity, tons processed, and biogas produced.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 26

Equipment News
QED Environmental Systems, Inc.'s BIOMETHANE 3000

BioCycle July 2018, Vol. 59, No. 6, p. 32

Cover: BioCycle June 2018

Evaluating Economics Of Facility Structures
Green Sports Alliance Update
Swine Manure To Biomethane
• Ontario’s Advanced Organics Policy

Editorial: Composting, The “Gateway Drug”
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 4

BioCycle World
Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI) TRUE (Total Resource Use and Efficiency) Zero Waste (ZW) certification program

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 5

Composting Roundup
“Suburban subsoiling” plot established for the BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014 “Soils For The Chesapeake” Workshop currently stands out with its “uniform verdant turf cover.”

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest
AD facilities processing food waste in U.S.

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 11

Evaluating Economics Of Facility Structures
Laurel Valley Soils utilizes its ClearSpan fabric buildings primarily for compost product storage.

Tool to assess the costs and benefits of a significant capital investment takes into account economic, environmental and social criteria.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 14

Green Sports Alliance Update 2018
Missouri Organic Recycling (MOR) conducted a field test of the compostable peanut bags in 2017.“The bags completely degraded in 49 days,”notes Kevin Anderson, Vice-President of MOR.

Among the latest developments are formation of Green Sports Alliance Japan, and commercialization of a compostable peanut bag.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 17

Swine Manure To Biomethane
Digester at Optima KV in North Carolina

The newest project to come on line in North Carolina collects biogas from 5 hog farm digesters and conditions it for pipeline injection.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 25

Commentary: Ontario’s Advanced Organics Policy

Colin Isaacs
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 30

Connections: Soil Health Indicators
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 31

Equipment News
Morbark, LLC 6400XT Wood Hog Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 32

2017 Survey Results: Anaerobic Digestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.
US Stand Alone Food Waste Anaerobic Digestion Facilities

Results of a 2017 survey of anaerobic digesters (AD) in the U.S. processing food waste was just released by the U.S. EPA Region 3 office.

Cover: BioCycle May 2018
BioCycle May, 2018

Facilitating Food Waste Digestion
Repurposing Composting Infrastructure
• From Drugs To Bugs

Editorial: Aspirational And Essential
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle REFOR18 18th Annual Renewable Energy From Organics Recycling Conference

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Seattle Woodland Park Zoo's Zoo Doo

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Stratford, Ontario Water Pollution Control Plant now featuring codigestion

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 12

Repurposing Composting Infrastructure
The original composting structure (inset) was retrofitted to house 3 primary and 2 secondary aerated static pile (ASP) bays with concrete block walls (left).

A Vermont solid waste district utilized a defunct biosolids composting site to create capacity for processing food waste.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 15

Science + Prisons Create Innovative Solutions
“These prisoners …. are fathers who care about the world their children are growing up in, they are environmentalists who care about the planet …,” said Nick Hacheney of his fellow “worm farmers” at the certification ceremony.

Sustainability in Prisons’ vermicomposting certification highlights how environmental science collaborations in prison benefit society and incarcerated people alike.
Nick Hacheney and Kelli Bush
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 17

From Drugs To Bugs
Black soldier fly larvae

My journey from a gang member to a Master Vermiculture Specialist.
Juan Carlos Hernandez
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 19

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Spring 2018 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Facilitating Food Waste Digestion
Dry fermentation digester at Blue Line Transfer processes about 11,000 tons/year of residential and commercial food waste and green waste.

Increasing volumes of commercial food waste, much of it contaminated or packaged, led digestion facility in South San Francisco to install a depackaging unit.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 32

Equipment News
Peterson Pacific Corp. 3310B drum chipper

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 40

Cover: BioCycle March/April 2018
BioCycle March/April, 2018

California Launches Its Organics Revolution
California Composting

Editorial: Championing The Champions
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 4

BioCycle World
The American-made molded fiber compostable round plate made for the Alliance is produced from 100 percent preconsumer recycled paper fibers.

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Allen-Oakwood Correctional Institution (AOCI) in Lima officially opened its Class II aerated static composting facility in a retrofitted cattle barn in January.

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
European Biomethane Map 2018

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 18

California Launches Its Organics Revolution
Left: Scott Smithline, Director, CalRecycle Right: Ken DaRosa, Chief Deputy Director, CalRecycle

The Director and Chief Deputy Director of CalRecycle explain scope of state’s landmark new climate law and describe creative solutions that are key to its success.
Scott Smithline and Ken DaRosa
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 22

California Composting
California permitted composting facilities by county

What is the “state of the State” in terms of composting capacity and compost markets in California? Location of infrastructure, market drivers and impact of organics-related laws are discussed.
Craig Coker and Jeff Ziegenbein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 28

Pipeline Injection Of Biomethane In California
Biogas is conditioned at the CR&R anaerobic digestion facility in Perris (CA) and then transported about 1.4 miles via a high-pressure steel pipe (shown here) to the SoCalGas interconnection “point of receipt” (see next photo).

Funds are available for project developers, and low carbon fuel market incentives are attractive. Will this lead to more RNG being injected into California’s gas pipelines?
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 32

Codigestion At Water Resource Recovery Facilities
Figure 1. Food waste receiving and processing system at Central Marin Sanitation Agency (CMSA).

In California, WRRFs have capacity to help provide food waste recycling infrastructure. Elsewhere in the U.S., facilities are ramping up to codigest these high strength feedstocks.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 36

K-12 School Food Recovery Roadmap
K-12 Wasted Food Reduction And Food Recovery Roadmap

Authors detail their journeys to implementing surplus food reduction and recovery programs at their K-12 school districts.
Nancy Deming and Janet Whited
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 42

Recovering Nutrients In Digested Dairy Manure
Figure 1. Treatment phases (top row) and nutrient content changes in effluent stream (bottom row) at Edaleen Dairy

Further separation concentrates nitrogen and phosphorus in the solids. The liquid “tea water” contains mainly dissolved solids, including ammonia and potassium.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 46

Servicing Farms To Get Produce To Market
Boston Area Gleaners worked with The Food Project in Lincoln (MA) to glean butternut squash.

Professionally managed gleaning and value-added processing of gleaned harvests are contributing to enterprise creation and reducing the amount of food loss on farms. Part II
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 57

Connections: Weird Weather
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 63

Equipment News
Backers 3MTA star screen

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 64

Cover: BioCycle February 2018
BioCycle February 2018

• Feedstock Mixing Systems
• Innovating To Reduce Wasted Food Left On Farms

Editorial: Looking Back
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 9

Composting Roundup
sharewaste.org

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 13

Feedstock Mixing Systems
Stationary mixers installed at biosolids composting facility (1). Mechanical mixers evenly spread biosolids around each of the woody carbon bulking agent amendments (2). Cutting blades on Roto-Mix’s vertical flights help reduce size of feedstocks, e.g, whole fruits and cardboard (3). Supplemental offset paddle stirrer (4).

Mixing balances C:N ratios, distributes moisture more evenly, reduces particle sizes and homogenizes feedstocks — all key to getting composting off on the right foot.
Craig Coker
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 15

Innovating To Reduce Wasted Food Left On Farms
Broccoli “fines”were a hit with Bon Appétit chefs, but the farmer recognized the volume of waste and changed processing equipment.

Gleaning and minimal processing have facilitated enterprise development and markets for edible produce that is unharvested or cosmetically imperfect. Part I
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 18

Will The Tax Cuts Act Cut Back AD?
BioCycle Energy

The Act signed into law in late December is better than many forecast — but the jury’s still out regarding the effects on anaerobic digestion and other renewable energy projects.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 2

Connections: O Tannenbaum
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 31

Equipment News
Action Equipment Co.’s VIBRA-SNAP® Screen

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 32

Cover: BioCycle January 2018

Open Source Field Testing For Certified Compostable Packaging
Sensor-Controlled Contaminant Removal, Organics Separation
Basics Of Biogas Upgrading

Editorial: Call To Action
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle WEST COAST18 Keynote Speakers

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Lima Compost's clay composting pots

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 14

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 20

Open Source Field Testing For Certified Compostable Packaging
Partially disintegrated compostable cellulose bag.

An open-source, international field testing program is designed to determine real-world field disintegration of certified compostable packaging across Canada and the U.S.
Emily McGill and Cary Oshins
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 26

Sensor-Controlled Contaminant Removal, Organics Separation
Organix Solutions installed an automated bag sorting system that utilizes color recognition and a robot to recover household organics contained in blue bags.

Sensory detection techniques are applied to both source separated and commingled solid wastes to reduce contamination, segregate components, and improve feedstock quality.
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 30

Massachusetts Pioneers Food Waste Separators

Installation of food waste depackaging facilities across the state results in fewer commercial organics ban exemptions for packaged food generators.
Robert Spencer and Morgan Casella
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 35

Organics Recycler Tackles The Tailings
The Smithfield Peat Co. 81-acre facility includes yard trimmings composting (1), tailings separation and cleaning (2), and mulch production and colorizing (3).

Smithfield Peat acquired a newly designed air separator to help process 100,000 cubic yards of mixed stone, wood and loam tailings into marketable products.
Joe Gallagher
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 40

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Winter 2018 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Community-Scale Composting At Urban Gardens And Farms
Real Food Farm has established a model small-scale community-centered composting site in northeast Baltimore. A 5-bin rat-resistant system processes hundred of pounds of food scraps from the farm and its composting cooperative’s members.

The Neighborhood Soil Rebuilders program, developed by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance, teaches community leaders how to compost locally in order to support food production.
Linda Bilsens Brolis
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 46

Wood Recycler Expands Into Compost Manufacturer
Cowart, Inc.’s facility in Athens, Georgia composts yard trimmings and preconsumer food waste in windrows. It uses a Vermeer turner.

How a company that started as a small tree care service in the late 1980s evolved into a compost and mulch manufacturer with multiple facilities in the Southeast U.S.
Matt Eul
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 50