Cover: BioCycle November/December 2019

BioCycle CONNECT, the new BioCycle for the new decade, captures our transition from print issues to e-issues.

Editorial: The World Needs To BioCycle
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 4

BioCycle World
Vermont Phosphorus Innovation Challenge

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Carbon sequestration testing

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Total capacity for processing food waste and total amount of food waste processed by digester type

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 14

Is Your Yard Trimmings Composting Site Food Waste Ready?
food waste, yard trimmings composting site

A new Community Toolkit walks municipal officials and facility operators through a series of considerations to determine if introducing food waste streams is a good fit.
Nora Goldstein and Coryanne Mansell
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 17

Compost And Plant Disease Suppression
Magnification of pathogenic Rhizoctonia solani isolated from soil on an organic vegetable farm in Vermont.

A microbial, community ecology approach to design compost amendments creates more reliable and resilient methods to suppress globally distributed soilborne pathogens.
Deborah A. Neher
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 22

Music Festivals Amp Up Organics Recycling Game
Food waste and certified compostable products were accepted in the compostables bin (right). Compost Crusader, based in Milwaukee, composted the materials.

Farm Aid has greatly increased organics diversion since 2007. Inspired by its partnership with Farm Aid, Live Nation announced its zero waste goal in September 2018.
Stephanie Katsaros
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 26

Comparison Of Compost Laboratory Results
Electrical conductivity measures all soluble nutrients in compost using a meter like the one shown above. The analysis does not differentiate between salts that are beneficial to soil health, and those that have negative impacts.

Identical samples of two composts were sent to 6 labs for testing and analysis. Results highlight differences between using the national TMECC standards versus other test methods.
Charles Duprey
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 29

BioCycle Trailblazers Finale: Biowaste Composting Trailblazers in Germany And Austria
BioCycle Trailblazers

Source separated organics collection and composting in Europe, and establishing standards for compost, were pioneered by these BioCycle Trailblazers.
Johannes Biala
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 33

Sanitation Districts Gear Up For Food Waste Codigestion
Food waste from commercial generators is loaded into a hopper with augers that move the material to the bioseparators.

Los Angeles County began operating its commercial food waste preprocessing facility. The slurry will be digested at the county’s Joint Water Pollution Control Plant.
Kelly Sarber
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 37

Successful Business Strategies For Codigestion At WRRFs
The Victor Valley Water Reclamation Authority (digesters shown) has used public-private partnerships for both of its energy development projects.

New report’s primary focus is on codigestion strategies that water resource recovery facilities can develop to create value, and to manage the associated financial risks.
Carol Adaire Jones
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 41

Connections: Collective Goodness
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 47

Equipment News
Continental Biomass Industries (CBI) CBI Magnum Force 6400CT Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle November/December 2019, Vol. 60 No. 8, p. 48

Cover: BioCycle September/October 2019
BioCycle September October 2019

The BioCycle REFOR19 Conference Preview articles include …

Editorial: “The Times, They Are A Changin’”
Rill Ann Goldstein Miller, Nora Goldstein

Rill Ann Goldstein Miller, Publisher and Nora Goldstein, Editor
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
The Baltimore Compost Collective employs and mentors disadvantaged Baltimore youth.

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
BioEnergy DevCo’s first project: BTS anaerobic digestion system at the Maryland Food Center in Jessup, Maryland.

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 19

Deep Dive Into Food Waste Management (Sourcing To Digesting)
Julie Schilf, U.S. EPA Region 5

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 22
BioCycle REFOR19 continues our in-depth coverage of a wide range of topics related to food recovery and food waste recycling.

Evolution Of A Food Waste Digester
North State Rendering Co., Inc.’s (NSR) anaerobic digestion facility produces RNG for vehicle fuel (left). NSR has accepted clean high strength organics streams (middle) for a number of years, and recently installed a depackager to increase its ability to process packaged food waste (right).

A digester built in 2012 by a rendering company to process its residuals is evolving into a merchant facility to manage all types of food waste streams.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 27

Market Outlook For Low Carbon Fuels
Brad Pleima, EcoEngineers

Overall, demand for RNG is strong in spite of an oversupply of D3 RINs in 2018.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 30

Biological Recycling Of Biodegradable Plastics
Test for biodegradation of biodegradable polymer molecules being conducted at the OWS, Inc. laboratory.

To meet demand for organics recovery and reduced plastic waste, biodegradable plastics will be an increasing part of the future. Biological recycling infrastructure must be ready to respond.
Norma McDonald
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 32

Closed Loop AD Solution For Cane Sugar Industry
Figure 1. Effect of organic loading on gas production

Research identifies process to make cellulose in tightly bonded lignocellulosic bagasse and cachaza substrates available to microorganisms for anaerobic degradation, without expensive pretreatment.
Avijit Dasgupta
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 37

EPA Rule Not Great For Clean Power
BioCycle Energy

EPA’s Affordable Clean Energy Rule may drastically reduce environmental compliance flexibility — and revenues for anaerobic digestion projects.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 43

Innovating To Reduce Phosphorus Impacts
After 15 days of composting under negative aeration, separated dairy manure solids were put in a drying zone (to release steam and drive off moisture) under positive aeration with heated air.

Two companies are demonstrating the integration of composting and filtration technologies for the Vermont Phosphorus Innovation Challenge.
Brian Jerose
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 47

Composting In Brazil
The Tera Ambiental Ltda. facility (Jundiai, State of São Paulo, Brazil), which uses both turned windrows and aerated static piles, features a composting capacity of 90,000 tons/years.

Composting agro-industrial residuals — from livestock manure to sugarcane sludges — is on the rise, with compost utilized for agricultural production.
M.J. L. Beltrame, K. Goldschmidt Beltrame and F. Carvalho Oliveira
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 50

Connections: On The Same Team
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 54

Equipment News
BioCycle REFOR19 Exhibit Ballroom

BioCycle September/October 2019, Vol. 60 No. 7, p. 56

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Australia
Peter Wadewitz

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 24

Cover: BioCycle August 2019
BioCycle August 2019

WyoFarm Composting, part of Haderlie Farms in Thayne, Wyoming, collects and composts food waste in the Grand Tetons.

Editorial: Clarion Call
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle World
Bans and Beyond: Designing and Implementing Organic Waste Bans and Mandatory Organics Recycling Laws

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Compost from Windham Solid Waste District's (Brattleboro, Vermont) is being used on this industrial hemp in Massachusetts.

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Dane County (OH) Landfill RNG Facility (a BioCycle REFOR19 Site Tour)

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 14

BioCycle Trailblazers

In BioCycle’s 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition (July 2019), you met Trailblazers in the U.S. and Canada. We continue our tributes to BioCycle Trailblazers, both in the U.S. and internationally. More installments are anticipated before the end of our 60th year.

BioCycle Trailblazer: Mary Appelhof, Earthworm Educator
Mary Appelhof

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 21

Closed Loop Composting System In Wyoming
Haderlie Farms supplies area food establishments with produce. It started out taking back food scraps to feed its pigs, but then expanded to start WyoFarm, a commercial composting operation.

Signal Mountain Lodge partnership with farm results in a closed loop for food waste composting in the Grand Tetons.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 26

Front Of House Organics Collection
Waste audits (right) were conducted at a variety of food service establishments to determine capture rates, diversion rates and contamination rates for trash, recycling, and composting bins. Having simple, customized and visually-based signs (left) placed on collection bins all grouped together was recommended at all establishments.

Food scraps and napkins made up at least 57 percent of the contents of the composting bin in every sector, contrary to the belief that FOH collections are mostly packaging.
Kate Bailey and Brenna Raeder
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 31

BioCycle Trailblazers: Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman, Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 22

BioCycle Trailblazer: Tatjana (Tanja) Vujic, Director of Biogas Strategy, Duke University
Tatjana (Tanja) Vujic

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 23

Food Scraps Composting Grows In Illinois
The Solid Waste Agency of Lake County is promoting food scraps collection to help boost recycling. Midwest Organics Recycling in Wauconda Township is where many of the scraps are taken.

Over a dozen composting sites accept food waste, sparking expansion of residential, commercial and institutional diversion programs.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 35

BioCycle International Trailblazers: Italy
Rosanna Laraia

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 24

Connections: The Maggots’ Buffet
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 38

Equipment News
Peterson 1700D Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 40

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Ireland
Munoo Prasad

BioCycle August 2019, Vol. 60 No. 6, p. 25

Cover: BioCycle July 2019
BioCycle July, 2019

“Celebrating 60 Years” with these special features: “BioCycle Trailblazers” (where images featured on the cover are found) and “Looking Back To Look Ahead

Editorial: 60 Years And Counting
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 4

BioCycle World
David Border

BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Sustainable Generation SG Mobile™ Systems with GORE® Covers at Miramar Greenery

BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest
BioCycle REFOR19 Conference Site Tours

BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 16

BioCycle Trailblazers
BioCycle Trailblazers

Organics Recycling has come light years from the founding of Compost Science — BioCycle’s original name — in 1960. Thank you to the BioCycle Trailblazers who have given us the tools and practices to forge ahead in 2019.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 21

BioCycle Trailblazers: Jerome Goldstein and Clarence Golueke, PhD
Jerome Goldstein

Two individuals credited with blazing trails in organics recycling are Jerome (Jerry) Goldstein, founding editor of BioCycle in 1960, and Dr. Clarence Golueke of the University of California, fondly remembered as the “Grandfather of Composting.”
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 22

BioCycle Trailblazer: Roger Tim Haug, PhD
Roger Tim Haug, PhD

Roger Tim Haug, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Loyola Marymount University
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 23

BioCycle Trailblazer: Sally Brown, PhD, University of Washington
Sally Brown, PhD

Sally Brown is a woman with many talents and achievements.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 23

BioCycle Trailblazer: Francis (Frank) Gouin, PhD
Frank Gouin

Francis (Frank) Gouin, PhD (1938-2018), Emeritus Professor, University of Maryland
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 24

BioCycle Trailblazer: H. Clay Kellogg, Jr.
H. Clay Kellogg, Jr.

H. Clay (Hi) Kellogg, Jr. — and his father before him as well as his wife and children with and after him — built a very successful company selling sewage sludge and recovering other organic materials in southern California.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 24

BioCycle Trailblazer: Harry A. Hoitink, PhD, The Ohio State University
Harry A. Hoitink, PhD

“The Man Who Discovered The ‘Divine Materials’ In Compost”
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 25

BioCycle Trailblazers: Barrie Cogburn and Scott McCoy, TxDOT and TCEQ
Dynamic Duo: Barrie Cogburn and Scott McCoy: TxDOT and TCEQ

Dynamic duo and a beautiful friendship
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 25

BioCycle Trailblazers: USDA-EPA Aerated Static Pile Team
USDA-EPA Aerated Static Pile Team

Their incredible body of research was the lynchpin of the U.S. composting industry that persists today.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 26

BioCycle Trailblazer: Ron Alexander, R. Alexander Associates Inc.
Ron Alexander

Ron has promoted the cause of composting around the globe with his unique energy and forcefulness.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 26

BioCycle Trailblazers: The “Metals” Researchers, aka “W-170 Group”
The “Metals” Researchers, aka “W-170 Group”

BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 27
These are the people who made the science that formed the basis for our regulations.

BioCycle Trailblazer: Will Allen, Growing Power
Will Allen

Will Allen accomplished something that few of us have been able to do.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 27

BioCycle Trailblazers: Trailblazing In Canada
Province of Nova Scotia

People and initiatives to recognize for what they have contributed to advancing composting, compost utilization and anaerobic digestion in Canada.
Susan Antler, Compost Council of Canada
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 28

BioCycle Trailblazers: BioCycle Trailblazing Projects
TAGRO

Selection of projects recognized as advancing organics recycling.
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 30

Looking Back To Look Ahead
BioCycle covers featuring title/subtitle changes

Reading Editorials written by BioCycle founder Jerry Goldstein over a five decade period reveals how so much of what is taken for granted today came to be.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 32

The Organics Recycling Messaging Dilemma
Organics, composting, recycling bin labeling

Initial national survey findings on organics labeling, terminology, and color preferences shed light on how to communicate to the public to achieve a successful organics collection program.
Kayla Walsh
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 41

Composting And AD In California
Composting and Anaerobic Digestion

Recent survey of large, operating composting and anaerobic digestion facilities sheds light on the state’s capacity to process the increasing flow of diverted organics.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 45

Food Waste Depackaging Systems
Packaging output from a Dupps-Mavitec food waste processing unit.

Newer models separate packaging with the least amount of applied force necessary to avoid splintering of the packaging. Depackager options are described.
Craig Coker
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No.5, p. 51

State Of Play In Renewable Fuels Market
BioCycle Energy

New report projects sharply increased biogas demand and supply that could benefit anaerobic digester (AD) developers — amid tensions that may undercut its forecasts.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 56

Connections: Ecosystem Accounting And The Doggie In The Window
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 59

Equipment News
BYD's first ever all-electric refuse truck

BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 63

Nora Goldstein: The Heart Of BioCycle
BioCycle Editor Nora Goldstein

Making The World A Better Place
Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2019, Vol. 60 No. 5, p. 64

Cover: BioCycle May/June 2019
BioCycle May/June 2019

Earth Care Farm in Charlestown, Rhode Island has been making high quality compost since 1977. Cover story begins on page 15. Photo courtesy of Earth Care Farm. Inset photo by Taylor Cann.

Editorial: Mission Critical
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May/June 2019, Vol. 60 No. 4, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle REFOR19 Conference, Renewable Energy From Organics Recycling

BioCycle May/June 2019, Vol. 60 No. 4, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Soil Cycles of Harrisonburg, Virginia, collects local food waste via bicycle.

BioCycle May/June 2019, Vol. 60 No. 4, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest
Smithfield Foods, Inc. and Roeslein Alternative Energy (RAE) announce joint venture: Monarch Bioenergy. Partnership will produce RNG from Missouri hog farm manure, deliver ecological services and develop wildlife habitat for monarch butterflies.

BioCycle May/June 2019, Vol. 60 No. 4, p. 13

High Quality Compost Farm
The 40-year old family business was started by Michael and Betty Merner (far right), and is now owned by their daughter, Jayne Merner Senecal (3rd from right). Also pictured are several of the Merner’s grandchildren (from left to right, Cooper, Caitlyn and Kaleigh).

Forty-year old farm and composting operation is guided by the intention of creating a place to grow food and make a product that enriches the soils of New England.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May/June 2019, Vol. 60 No. 4, p. 15

Lean Compost Manufacturing
Tweaking the layout of an operation so processing takes place toward the front of the yard (above), and incoming material is unloaded in the back of the yard, reduces the number of times material has to be handled.

When effectively implemented, adopting lean manufacturing principles can help improve quality, bring efficiency to production and delivery times, and lower associated costs.
Matt Eul
BioCycle May/June 2019, Vol. 60 No. 4, p. 20