Cover: BioCycle June 2018

Evaluating Economics Of Facility Structures
Green Sports Alliance Update
Swine Manure To Biomethane
• Ontario’s Advanced Organics Policy

Editorial: Composting, The “Gateway Drug”
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 4

BioCycle World
Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI) TRUE (Total Resource Use and Efficiency) Zero Waste (ZW) certification program

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 5

Composting Roundup
“Suburban subsoiling” plot established for the BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014 “Soils For The Chesapeake” Workshop currently stands out with its “uniform verdant turf cover.”

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest
AD facilities processing food waste in U.S.

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 11

Evaluating Economics Of Facility Structures
Laurel Valley Soils utilizes its ClearSpan fabric buildings primarily for compost product storage.

Tool to assess the costs and benefits of a significant capital investment takes into account economic, environmental and social criteria.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 14

Green Sports Alliance Update 2018
Missouri Organic Recycling (MOR) conducted a field test of the compostable peanut bags in 2017.“The bags completely degraded in 49 days,”notes Kevin Anderson, Vice-President of MOR.

Among the latest developments are formation of Green Sports Alliance Japan, and commercialization of a compostable peanut bag.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 17

Swine Manure To Biomethane
Digester at Optima KV in North Carolina

The newest project to come on line in North Carolina collects biogas from 5 hog farm digesters and conditions it for pipeline injection.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 25

Commentary: Ontario’s Advanced Organics Policy

Colin Isaacs
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 30

Connections: Soil Health Indicators
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 31

Equipment News
Morbark, LLC 6400XT Wood Hog Horizontal Grinder

BioCycle June 2018, Vol. 59, No. 5, p. 32

2017 Survey Results: Anaerobic Digestion Of Food Waste In The U.S.
US Stand Alone Food Waste Anaerobic Digestion Facilities

Results of a 2017 survey of anaerobic digesters (AD) in the U.S. processing food waste was just released by the U.S. EPA Region 3 office.

Cover: BioCycle May 2018
BioCycle May, 2018

Facilitating Food Waste Digestion
Repurposing Composting Infrastructure
• From Drugs To Bugs

Editorial: Aspirational And Essential
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle REFOR18 18th Annual Renewable Energy From Organics Recycling Conference

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Seattle Woodland Park Zoo's Zoo Doo

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Stratford, Ontario Water Pollution Control Plant now featuring codigestion

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 12

Repurposing Composting Infrastructure
The original composting structure (inset) was retrofitted to house 3 primary and 2 secondary aerated static pile (ASP) bays with concrete block walls (left).

A Vermont solid waste district utilized a defunct biosolids composting site to create capacity for processing food waste.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 15

Science + Prisons Create Innovative Solutions
“These prisoners …. are fathers who care about the world their children are growing up in, they are environmentalists who care about the planet …,” said Nick Hacheney of his fellow “worm farmers” at the certification ceremony.

Sustainability in Prisons’ vermicomposting certification highlights how environmental science collaborations in prison benefit society and incarcerated people alike.
Nick Hacheney and Kelli Bush
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 17

From Drugs To Bugs
Black soldier fly larvae

My journey from a gang member to a Master Vermiculture Specialist.
Juan Carlos Hernandez
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 19

Facilitating Food Waste Digestion
Dry fermentation digester at Blue Line Transfer processes about 11,000 tons/year of residential and commercial food waste and green waste.

Increasing volumes of commercial food waste, much of it contaminated or packaged, led digestion facility in South San Francisco to install a depackaging unit.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 32

Equipment News
Peterson Pacific Corp. 3310B drum chipper

BioCycle May 2018, Vol. 59, No. 4, p. 40

Cover: BioCycle March/April 2018
BioCycle March/April, 2018

California Launches Its Organics Revolution
California Composting

Editorial: Championing The Champions
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 4

BioCycle World
The American-made molded fiber compostable round plate made for the Alliance is produced from 100 percent preconsumer recycled paper fibers.

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Allen-Oakwood Correctional Institution (AOCI) in Lima officially opened its Class II aerated static composting facility in a retrofitted cattle barn in January.

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
European Biomethane Map 2018

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 18

California Launches Its Organics Revolution
Left: Scott Smithline, Director, CalRecycle Right: Ken DaRosa, Chief Deputy Director, CalRecycle

The Director and Chief Deputy Director of CalRecycle explain scope of state’s landmark new climate law and describe creative solutions that are key to its success.
Scott Smithline and Ken DaRosa
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 22

California Composting
California permitted composting facilities by county

What is the “state of the State” in terms of composting capacity and compost markets in California? Location of infrastructure, market drivers and impact of organics-related laws are discussed.
Craig Coker and Jeff Ziegenbein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 28

Pipeline Injection Of Biomethane In California
Biogas is conditioned at the CR&R anaerobic digestion facility in Perris (CA) and then transported about 1.4 miles via a high-pressure steel pipe (shown here) to the SoCalGas interconnection “point of receipt” (see next photo).

Funds are available for project developers, and low carbon fuel market incentives are attractive. Will this lead to more RNG being injected into California’s gas pipelines?
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 32

Codigestion At Water Resource Recovery Facilities
Figure 1. Food waste receiving and processing system at Central Marin Sanitation Agency (CMSA).

In California, WRRFs have capacity to help provide food waste recycling infrastructure. Elsewhere in the U.S., facilities are ramping up to codigest these high strength feedstocks.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 36

K-12 School Food Recovery Roadmap
K-12 Wasted Food Reduction And Food Recovery Roadmap

Authors detail their journeys to implementing surplus food reduction and recovery programs at their K-12 school districts.
Nancy Deming and Janet Whited
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 42

Recovering Nutrients In Digested Dairy Manure
Figure 1. Treatment phases (top row) and nutrient content changes in effluent stream (bottom row) at Edaleen Dairy

Further separation concentrates nitrogen and phosphorus in the solids. The liquid “tea water” contains mainly dissolved solids, including ammonia and potassium.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 46

Connections: Weird Weather
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 63

Equipment News
Backers 3MTA star screen

BioCycle March/April 2018, Vol. 59, No. 3, p. 64

Cover: BioCycle February 2018
BioCycle February 2018

• Feedstock Mixing Systems
• Innovating To Reduce Wasted Food Left On Farms

Editorial: Looking Back
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 9

Composting Roundup
sharewaste.org

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 13

Feedstock Mixing Systems
Stationary mixers installed at biosolids composting facility (1). Mechanical mixers evenly spread biosolids around each of the woody carbon bulking agent amendments (2). Cutting blades on Roto-Mix’s vertical flights help reduce size of feedstocks, e.g, whole fruits and cardboard (3). Supplemental offset paddle stirrer (4).

Mixing balances C:N ratios, distributes moisture more evenly, reduces particle sizes and homogenizes feedstocks — all key to getting composting off on the right foot.
Craig Coker
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 15

Innovating To Reduce Wasted Food Left On Farms
Broccoli “fines”were a hit with Bon Appétit chefs, but the farmer recognized the volume of waste and changed processing equipment.

Gleaning and minimal processing have facilitated enterprise development and markets for edible produce that is unharvested or cosmetically imperfect. Part I
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 18

Will The Tax Cuts Act Cut Back AD?
BioCycle Energy

The Act signed into law in late December is better than many forecast — but the jury’s still out regarding the effects on anaerobic digestion and other renewable energy projects.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 2

Connections: O Tannenbaum
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 31

Equipment News
Action Equipment Co.’s VIBRA-SNAP® Screen

BioCycle February 2018, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 32

Cover: BioCycle January 2018

Open Source Field Testing For Certified Compostable Packaging
Sensor-Controlled Contaminant Removal, Organics Separation
Basics Of Biogas Upgrading

Editorial: Call To Action
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 4

BioCycle World
BioCycle WEST COAST18 Keynote Speakers

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Lima Compost's clay composting pots

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 14

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 20

Open Source Field Testing For Certified Compostable Packaging
Partially disintegrated compostable cellulose bag.

An open-source, international field testing program is designed to determine real-world field disintegration of certified compostable packaging across Canada and the U.S.
Emily McGill and Cary Oshins
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 26

Sensor-Controlled Contaminant Removal, Organics Separation
Organix Solutions installed an automated bag sorting system that utilizes color recognition and a robot to recover household organics contained in blue bags.

Sensory detection techniques are applied to both source separated and commingled solid wastes to reduce contamination, segregate components, and improve feedstock quality.
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 30

Massachusetts Pioneers Food Waste Separators

Installation of food waste depackaging facilities across the state results in fewer commercial organics ban exemptions for packaged food generators.
Robert Spencer and Morgan Casella
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 35

Organics Recycler Tackles The Tailings
The Smithfield Peat Co. 81-acre facility includes yard trimmings composting (1), tailings separation and cleaning (2), and mulch production and colorizing (3).

Smithfield Peat acquired a newly designed air separator to help process 100,000 cubic yards of mixed stone, wood and loam tailings into marketable products.
Joe Gallagher
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 40

Community-Scale Composting At Urban Gardens And Farms
Real Food Farm has established a model small-scale community-centered composting site in northeast Baltimore. A 5-bin rat-resistant system processes hundred of pounds of food scraps from the farm and its composting cooperative’s members.

The Neighborhood Soil Rebuilders program, developed by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance, teaches community leaders how to compost locally in order to support food production.
Linda Bilsens Brolis
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 46

Wood Recycler Expands Into Compost Manufacturer
Cowart, Inc.’s facility in Athens, Georgia composts yard trimmings and preconsumer food waste in windrows. It uses a Vermeer turner.

How a company that started as a small tree care service in the late 1980s evolved into a compost and mulch manufacturer with multiple facilities in the Southeast U.S.
Matt Eul
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 50

Basics Of Biogas Upgrading
Figure 4. Membrane cross section

This primer serves as an introduction for anaerobic digestion projects debating what type of gas upgrading system is right for their needs.
Paul Greene
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 52

Connections: Tapping Our Hidden Superpowers
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 63

Equipment News

BioCycle January 2018, Vol. 59, No. 1, p. 64

Subscriber Exclusive: Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S. (complete report)

  BioCycle Subscriber Exclusive: Click here to download the complete report, including all tabular data, in PDF format The 28-page “Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S.” report includes 13 figures and these tables: • Residential Food Waste Collection Access in the U.S., 2017: All curbside and drop-off programs/communities • Curbside Collection, 2013/14 vs…….

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Cover: BioCycle December, 2017
BioCycle December 2017

• Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S.
• Protecting Large Volume Compost Markets
Farm Digester Developments

View contents

Editorial: No Regrets
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Living Earth™

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
BioQube UK installation

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 16

Residential Food Waste Collection Access In The U.S.
Austin, TX, the newest program included in this year’s survey, just rolled out curbside service to 52,000 households at the beginning of October, and plans to expand to all households by 2020 (left). Anoka County, MN has two year-round drop-off locations at county yard trimmings sites. Each site has separate drop-off containers for food waste/soiled paper/compostable plastics, yard trimmings and tree waste (right).

Survey of residential food waste collection programs across the country from June to November 2017 ultimately identified 148 curbside collection and 67 drop-off programs.
Virginia Streeter and Brenda Platt
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 20

Compost Use On Turf
The North Shore Country Club in Glenview, Illinois was an early adopter of using compost as a top dressing on golf courses. The Club utilizes an Ecolawn applicator to top dress its turf (loading the spreader (left) and application of an 85:15 sand-compost and biochar mix (right)).

Compost as a soil amendment prior to planting turf, and using it for maintenance as a top dressing product, are common applications on residential and commercial landscapes, ball fields and golf courses.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 26

Protecting Large Volume Compost Markets
Compost application

High volume sales at a moderate price point will likely continue into the foreseeable future in certain states.
To protect all compost markets, it’s essential that certified products are specified.

Ron Alexander
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 29

Farm Digester Developments
Figure 2. New farm digester projects vs. natural gas prices, 2000-2016

Conference presenters at BioCycle REFOR17 in Portland, Oregon discussed policies, trends and opportunities in the agricultural digester sector.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 36

Connections: One Size Does Not Fit All
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 38

Equipment News
Screen USA TROM512 Track Mounted Trommel Screen

BioCycle December 2017, Vol. 58, No. 11, p. 40

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Fall 2017 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Cover: BioCycle November, 2017

• Food Waste Reduction Strategies In K-12 Schools
• 101 For RINs

Editorial: Still Busting Silos
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 4

BioCycle World

BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 6

Composting Roundup

BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 12

Keeping Compostables Out Of The Trash
Figure 4. Hangtag example

Research study tests three different outreach strategies to reduce amount of food scraps and food-soiled paper in residential trash bins.
K. Phelps, L. Large, W. Schultz and J. Ettlinger
BioCycle  November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 16

Food Waste Reduction Strategies In K-12 Schools
Clear signage in cafeterias is key for maximizing food waste audit success.

The Iowa Waste Reduction Center’s K-12 audits and training, and the Environmental Research and Education Foundation’s SCrAP program, provide critical tools to reduce food waste.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle  November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 24

Microscale AD In The High Country Of North Carolina
Figure 2. Zach Dowell's solar thermal AD design

To extend farmers’ growing season, project at Appalachian State University is evaluating heating options for microscale AD, including solar thermal and composting heat recovery.
Barry Febos and James Houser
BioCycle November 2017, Vol. 58, No. 10, p. 31