Incorporating Depackaging Into Composting Operation

Missouri Organics Recycling has been composting food waste since 2005. It recently invested in a depackaging system to manage contamination and expand the range of materials accepted.
Kevin Anderson and Stan Slaughter

Policies To Put Carbon Back In Soils
Barriers impeding soil carbon storage

Carbon 180, the Center for Carbon Renewal, spent the last 3 years working with producers, local organizations, and policymakers in the Rocky Mountain states to understand how policies and science can modernize to support practices that put carbon back into soils.

Editorial: Pandemic-Induced Organics Recycling
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle Editor

We hope that everyone is staying healthy during this ongoing COVID 19 pandemic. Business as usual is anything but usual, as all of you are likely experiencing as well.
Nora Goldstein

Connections: Why Regenerative Agriculture Needs Recycled Organics
Sally Brown

The importance of recycled organics in regenerative agriculture needs to be understood, not only by the municipalities that manage the feedstocks, but also by climate strategists and most importantly, state and federal agencies. Part VII
Sally Brown

Madison, Wisconsin Rolls Out Food Scraps Drop-Off
Madison, Wisconsin Streets Division food waste drop-off site

The City of Madison began accepting food scraps for recycling at all three of its Streets Division drop-off sites. “This is a special voluntary recycling program available only at the drop-off sites,” explains Bryan Johnson, Madison’s recycling coordinator.

Controlling Industrial PFAS Discharges In Michigan
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

According to an updated Environmental Working Group (EWG) analysis of government data, at least 2,500 industrial facilities across the nation could be discharging PFAS (Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances) into the air and water.

Commentary: Composting Is Path Forward In Post Corona World
Jeremy Brosowsky

It’s good for the environment and empowers us to live our values. And it’s the composting mindset that will get us through the pandemic.
Jeremy Brosowsky

Connections: What’s Cooking?
Sally Brown

Finding the ingredients to make a potting mix that plants will love from Class A digested biosolids entails trying a range of recipes, sniff tests and parameter measuring.
Sally Brown

Connections: Why Compost Is Cheapest Irrigation System
Sally Brown

The bottom line is more organic matter means that the soil holds more water. Part V.1
Sally Brown

Seattle’s Winning Strategy For Managing Organics
Seattle's three collection bins

When programs, garbage collection fees, or regulations cause households to move organics out of the garbage cart and into the organics cart, costs for managing MSW go down.
Jeffrey Morris

Book Review: “The Waste Between Our Ears”
The Waste Between Our Ears

In times of rising heat, fire and rising waters, this new book by Gerry Gillespie presents recycling and composting as the means to achieve a zero waste economy.
Neil Seldman

Feed Chickens, Not Landfills
chickens eat food waste

A backyard chicken is expected to consume approximately 1.6 pounds of food scraps per week.
Maureen Breen

International Outlook For Biogas, Biomethane

A new International Energy Agency (IEA) study provides estimates of the sustainable potential for biogas and biomethane supply based on a detailed assessment of feedstock availability and production costs across all regions of the world.

Organic On The Front Line Of California’s Climate Resilience
Figure 1. Organics builds healthy communities from the soil up to the economy.

Fundamentally, organic farming practices, including use of compost, build healthy soils that store carbon and water — and yield food that builds healthy people.
Nora Goldstein

Composting Business Management: Net Present Value Of Composting Expenditures
Compost Business Management

Steps to compare costs when evaluating alternatives for significant expenditures such as site development or an equipment purchase. Part IV
Craig Coker

Connections: Hail To The Trees … And The Biosolids

Drawdown series continues with carbon sequestration related to trees and the benefits of adding recycled organics. Part IV
Sally Brown

COVID-19 Resources For Organics Recycling Operations

Ireland’s Cré, the Mid-Atlantic Biosolids Association (MABA), and the US Composting Council (USCC) provided their members with links to valuable guidance for managers and employees of composting and anaerobic digestion facilities, wastewater treatment plants, and biosolids recycling programs. We’ve compiled them for easy access.

Biomethane Pathway To 2030
Biomethane: The Pathway To 2030

Charlotte Morton, Chief Executive of the United Kingdom’s Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association (ADBA), wrote the following in the foreword to “Biomethane: The Pathway To 2030,” an ADBA report released in early March: “Time and time again, prominent organizations with the ear of our government have highlighted biomethane’s vital role in the [current] decade of decarbonization.

ISWA Global Assessment Of Municipal Organics
Estimated quantities of MSW produced per capita per day and the contribution of mega cities

The International Solid Waste Association’s Working Group on the Biological Treatment of Waste (WGBTW) released the Global Assessment Of Municipal Organic Waste Production And Recycling in mid-March, authored by Marco Ricci-Jürgensen, Jane Gilbert and Aditi Ramola. The report summarizes global estimates of the amount of organic solid wastes produced — principally from municipal origin — and separately collected (source segregated) and treated through a composting and/or anaerobic digestion process.

COVID-19: A Biosolids Science Perspective

Remember those good old days about 6 weeks ago, when our major concern was PFAS? That all changed in Seattle a few weeks back. And the rest of the country has quickly followed suit.
Sally Brown

SB 1383: A Revolution For Organic Waste

Following a brief public comment period, regulations to implement California’s sweeping changes to organics management will be in place.
Heather Jones

Urban Compost Math — Calculating Carbon Offsets
King County existing program, -0.52 tons of CO2 per dry ton biosolids

Research study modeled likely rates of carbon sequestration for urban uses of compost. Applications included growing lawns, trees, urban agriculture and for use alongside urban roadways.
Sally Brown

NYC City Council To Consider Mandatory Organics Recycling
NYC Availability of residential curbside organics collection, as of March 2020

The New York City Council issued a policy paper this month, “Securing Our Future: Strategies for NYC in the Fight Against Climate Change,” that focuses on four key areas: Resiliency; Energy and Emissions; Sustainable, Circular Economy; and Green Jobs Pipeline.

Baltimore’s Fair Development Plan For Zero Waste
Baltimore's Fair Development Plan For Zero Waste

The Institute for Local Self-Reliance worked with Zero Waste Associates to prepare Baltimore’s Fair Development Plan for Zero Waste for United Workers of Baltimore.

Food Waste Reduction Roadmap For Farms
WRAP's Hand-harvested crops grower guidance

New guidance released on March 17 by the United Kingdom’s Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP) provides growers with advice on how best to measure food surplus and waste on farms to identify the causes — and to help inform where action is needed.

PFAS At Minnesota Composting Sites
PFAS At Minnesota Composting Sites

State releases findings of contact water testing at source separated organics and yard trimmings only composting sites.

Lessons In Community Composting: A Series
Molly Lindsay

Monthly series focuses on organics recycling that builds connections to waste on an individual level, which then percolates throughout the community.
Molly Lindsay

LCFS Accredited Verifiers Announced
Low carbon fuel standard

California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) is designed to decrease the carbon intensity of the state’s transportation fuel pool and provide an increasing range of low carbon and renewable alternatives (including from renewable natural gas), which reduce petroleum dependency and achieve air quality benefits.

Maximizing Economic Return On AD Investments

Researchers at North Carolina State University (NCSU) and the University of Wisconsin, Madison have developed a computational model that could boost investment in farm-based sustainable energy projects by allowing investors to more accurately predict whether a project will turn a profit.

Editorial: The 2020 Compostable Packaging Narrative
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle Editor

I’m going to get right to the point. It is 2020, and it is time for a new narrative on compostable packaging.
Nora Goldstein

Treating PFAS Chemicals At Composting, AD Sites
Figure 2. Ion Exchange. (mage courtesy of USEPA

Review of membrane separation and ion exchange processes to treat contact water/leachate or groundwater to remove PFAS chemicals.
Craig Coker

Connections: Time To Go All The Way
Sally Brown

It is time to decide if you’re ready to go all the way. It could feel so good. I’m talking about contaminants in food scraps.
Sally Brown

Vermont’s Universal Recycling Law Update
Estimated Vermont Food Scrap Management Need vs. Capacity 2020

As of July 2020, no food waste can be disposed in the landfill in Vermont, including the residential stream.

Compost Use Workshop At BIOCYCLE CONNECT WEST 2020
UC Davis Russell Ranch

BioCycle and the University of California, Davis Agricultural Sustainability Institute are excited to announce: “Compost Use In Agriculture: Healthy Soils, Sequestering Carbon,” on Monday, March 30, 2020.

New Report: Business Strategies For Codigestion
Food Waste Co-Digestion at Water Resource Facilities

A new report provides insights about the strategies water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) have used to address the range of risks and impediments they face in adopting codigestion.

BPI’s New Standard On Fluorinated Chemicals In Effect
BPI’s updated logo improves labeling of compostable products and distinguishes them from conventional ones.

BPI’s new standard for fluorinated chemicals went into effect on January 1, 2020. Products may no longer be claimed as BPI Certified, whether on the product itself, or on a product’s packaging or marketing materials, unless it meets all conditions of the rule, including no intentionally added fluorinated chemicals (as demonstrated in Safety Data Sheets). 

Draft Report On California SB 1383 Costs Of Compliance

CalRecycle invites stakeholders to review and provide feedback on a draft report, “SB 1383 Local Services Rates Analysis,” submitted by R3 Consulting Group as part of a study completed under a CalRecycle contract.

Deploying Capital To Help Organics Recyclers Scale
Nikhil Garg. Aries Clean Energy facility—one of Spring Lane Capital’s early investments.

Private equity firm focuses on catalytic project capital investments in the energy, water, food and waste industries.
Nora Goldstein

Treatment Of PFAS-Contaminated Composting Site Runoff
Figure 2. Flocculation of fine particles with a polymer followed by a quiescent settling chamber or tank

2020 PFAS Update Series, Part II
Requirements in Minnesota for treatment of composting site “contact water” that contains PFAS prompted analysis of available technologies.
Craig Coker

BioCycle World

• School Food Recovery Act
• Collective Adoption Of Sustainable Behavior
• GHG Emissions Reductions In Massachusetts

Composting Roundup
London Correctional Institution composting facility

• New Composting Facility At Ohio Correctional Institution
• CalRecycle Adopts Mandatory Composting Services Regulations

Anaerobic Digest

• RNG Market Analysis
• SoCalGas Pushes Ahead With RNG

California Becomes First State To Mandate Universal Composting Services For Residents And Businesses
Green waste, food scraps and manure are delivered six days a week and piled into a windrow using a front-end loader.

Three years after California’s Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy (SB 1383, Lara) was signed into law, formal regulations were adopted by the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) at a public meeting today and will be transmitted to the Office of Administrative Law for final codification.

Connections: Compost + Rainwater Infiltration
Sally Brown

It’s all about increasing soil pore space.
Sally Brown

Managing PFAS Chemicals In Composting And Anaerobic Digestion
Sampling For PFAS

2020 PFAS Update Series, Part I
New series explores ramifications of PFAS in recycled organics and process storm water — and technology options to treat the contamination. Part I
Craig Coker

Biogas Tax Credits Resurrected
Anaerobic digesters producing electricity quality for PTC and ITC tax extender credits.

Under new law tax credits come to life again, for some anaerobic digesters.
Michael H. Levin

Compost And Plant Disease Suppression
Magnification of pathogenic Rhizoctonia solani isolated from soil on an organic vegetable farm in Vermont.

A microbial, community ecology approach to design compost amendments creates more reliable and resilient methods to suppress globally distributed soilborne pathogens.
Deborah A. Neher
BioCycle November/December 2019

Music Festivals Amp Up Organics Recycling Game
Food waste and certified compostable products were accepted in the compostables bin (right). Compost Crusader, based in Milwaukee, composted the materials.

Farm Aid has greatly increased organics diversion since 2007. Inspired by its partnership with Farm Aid, Live Nation announced its zero waste goal in September 2018.
Stephanie Katsaros
BioCycle November/December 2019

Comparison Of Compost Laboratory Results
Electrical conductivity measures all soluble nutrients in compost using a meter like the one shown above. The analysis does not differentiate between salts that are beneficial to soil health, and those that have negative impacts.

Identical samples of two composts were sent to 6 labs for testing and analysis. Results highlight differences between using the national TMECC standards versus other test methods.
Charles Duprey
BioCycle November/December 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers Finale: Biowaste Composting Trailblazers in Germany And Austria
BioCycle Trailblazers

Source separated organics collection and composting in Europe, and establishing standards for compost, were pioneered by these BioCycle Trailblazers.
Johannes Biala
BioCycle November/December 2019

Sanitation Districts Gear Up For Food Waste Codigestion
Food waste from commercial generators is loaded into a hopper with augers that move the material to the bioseparators.

Los Angeles County began operating its commercial food waste preprocessing facility. The slurry will be digested at the county’s Joint Water Pollution Control Plant.
Kelly Sarber
BioCycle November/December 2019

Successful Business Strategies For Codigestion At WRRFs
The Victor Valley Water Reclamation Authority (digesters shown) has used public-private partnerships for both of its energy development projects.

New report’s primary focus is on codigestion strategies that water resource recovery facilities can develop to create value, and to manage the associated financial risks.
Carol Adaire Jones
BioCycle November/December 2019

Connections: Collective Goodness
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle November/December 2019

Editorial: “The Times, They Are A Changin’”
Rill Ann Goldstein Miller, Nora Goldstein

Rill Ann Goldstein Miller, Publisher and Nora Goldstein, Editor
BioCycle September/October 2019

BioCycle World

BioCycle September/October 2019

Composting Roundup
The Baltimore Compost Collective employs and mentors disadvantaged Baltimore youth.

BioCycle September/October 2019

Anaerobic Digest
BioEnergy DevCo’s first project: BTS anaerobic digestion system at the Maryland Food Center in Jessup, Maryland.

BioCycle September/October 2019

Deep Dive Into Food Waste Management (Sourcing To Digesting)
Julie Schilf, U.S. EPA Region 5

BioCycle REFOR19 continues our in-depth coverage of a wide range of topics related to food recovery and food waste recycling.
BioCycle September/October 2019

Evolution Of A Food Waste Digester
North State Rendering Co., Inc.’s (NSR) anaerobic digestion facility produces RNG for vehicle fuel (left). NSR has accepted clean high strength organics streams (middle) for a number of years, and recently installed a depackager to increase its ability to process packaged food waste (right).

A digester built in 2012 by a rendering company to process its residuals is evolving into a merchant facility to manage all types of food waste streams.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September/October 2019

Market Outlook For Low Carbon Fuels
Brad Pleima, EcoEngineers

Overall, demand for RNG is strong in spite of an oversupply of D3 RINs in 2018.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September/October 2019

Biological Recycling Of Biodegradable Plastics
Test for biodegradation of biodegradable polymer molecules being conducted at the OWS, Inc. laboratory.

To meet demand for organics recovery and reduced plastic waste, biodegradable plastics will be an increasing part of the future. Biological recycling infrastructure must be ready to respond.
Norma McDonald
BioCycle September/October 2019

Closed Loop AD Solution For Cane Sugar Industry
Figure 1. Effect of organic loading on gas production

Research identifies process to make cellulose in tightly bonded lignocellulosic bagasse and cachaza substrates available to microorganisms for anaerobic degradation, without expensive pretreatment.
Avijit Dasgupta
BioCycle September/October 2019

EPA Rule Not Great For Clean Power
BioCycle Energy

EPA’s Affordable Clean Energy Rule may drastically reduce environmental compliance flexibility — and revenues for anaerobic digestion projects.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle September/October 2019

Innovating To Reduce Phosphorus Impacts
After 15 days of composting under negative aeration, separated dairy manure solids were put in a drying zone (to release steam and drive off moisture) under positive aeration with heated air.

Two companies are demonstrating the integration of composting and filtration technologies for the Vermont Phosphorus Innovation Challenge.
Brian Jerose
BioCycle September/October 2019

Composting In Brazil
The Tera Ambiental Ltda. facility (Jundiai, State of São Paulo, Brazil), which uses both turned windrows and aerated static piles, features a composting capacity of 90,000 tons/years.

Composting agro-industrial residuals — from livestock manure to sugarcane sludges — is on the rise, with compost utilized for agricultural production.
M.J. L. Beltrame, K. Goldschmidt Beltrame and F. Carvalho Oliveira
BioCycle September/October 2019

Connections: On The Same Team
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle September/October 2019

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Australia
Peter Wadewitz

BioCycle August 2019

Editorial: Clarion Call
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle World
Bans and Beyond: Designing and Implementing Organic Waste Bans and Mandatory Organics Recycling Laws

BioCycle August 2019

Composting Roundup
Compost from Windham Solid Waste District's (Brattleboro, Vermont) is being used on this industrial hemp in Massachusetts.

BioCycle August 2019

Anaerobic Digest
Dane County (OH) Landfill RNG Facility (a BioCycle REFOR19 Site Tour)

BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers

In BioCycle’s 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition (July 2019), you met Trailblazers in the U.S. and Canada. We continue our tributes to BioCycle Trailblazers, both in the U.S. and internationally. More installments are anticipated before the end of our 60th year.
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Mary Appelhof, Earthworm Educator
Mary Appelhof

BioCycle August 2019

Closed Loop Composting System In Wyoming
Haderlie Farms supplies area food establishments with produce. It started out taking back food scraps to feed its pigs, but then expanded to start WyoFarm, a commercial composting operation.

Signal Mountain Lodge partnership with farm results in a closed loop for food waste composting in the Grand Tetons.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2019

Front Of House Organics Collection
Waste audits (right) were conducted at a variety of food service establishments to determine capture rates, diversion rates and contamination rates for trash, recycling, and composting bins. Having simple, customized and visually-based signs (left) placed on collection bins all grouped together was recommended at all establishments.

Food scraps and napkins made up at least 57 percent of the contents of the composting bin in every sector, contrary to the belief that FOH collections are mostly packaging.
Kate Bailey and Brenna Raeder
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers: Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman, Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman

BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Tatjana (Tanja) Vujic, Director of Biogas Strategy, Duke University
Tatjana (Tanja) Vujic

BioCycle August 2019

Food Scraps Composting Grows In Illinois
The Solid Waste Agency of Lake County is promoting food scraps collection to help boost recycling. Midwest Organics Recycling in Wauconda Township is where many of the scraps are taken.

Over a dozen composting sites accept food waste, sparking expansion of residential, commercial and institutional diversion programs.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle International Trailblazers: Italy
Rosanna Laraia

BioCycle August 2019