Connections: Talking, And Walking, The Talk
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 46

Equipment News
Patz Corporation’s 2400 Series II Vertical Mixer

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 48

Cover: BioCycle July, 2017
BioCycle July, 2017

On The Cover: Quantum Biopower’s food waste only anaerobic digester opened for business in early 2017.

Editorial: Relevance Reinforcement
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle World
"The Exchange" is a plate rental system and commercial dishwasher on wheels.

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Circle Compost's collection and composting

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 16

South Carolina Convention Center Tackles Food Waste
The Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center, with the help of its chef, Tommy Kasperski (second from right) and Atlas Organics, diverted 18,000 pounds via donation and composting in the first year of the program.

Chef assists clients with accurate food ordering. Surplus is donated, and scraps are diverted to a composting facility.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 19

Deeper Dive Into Zero Waste
Zero Waste training at Arizona State University includes sorts of the trash, recycling and organics bins to identify and eliminate challenging materials. Sorting contents of front-of-house bins, directed by Stephanie Barger of GBCI’s Zero Waste program (on right in front), shown above.

Credential and certification programs are available to universities and businesses to guide initiatives and achieve a minimum of 90 percent diversion.
Sarah Stanley
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 21

Compost Effects On Weed Suppression
Compost used to prepare the extract was made from 30% browns, 50% greens, and 20% high nitrogen feedstocks.

Novel laboratory and greenhouse trials test effect of using chemically- and microbially-designed compost extracts to suppress weeds and improve crop yield.
Gladis Zinati
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 26

Composting Aeration Floor Functions And Designs
Figure 1. Maldistribution of air flow

Adequate air delivery and distribution are key to an optimized composting process. Design considerations are provided. Part II
Craig Coker and Tim O’Neill
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 28

On-Site Food Waste Pretreatment
Food Waste

Guide to equipment and systems for businesses, institutions and venues that manage food waste on-site.
Nora Goldstein and Charlotte Dreizen
BioCycle  July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 31

Merchant Biogas Plant Services Food Waste Generators
Facility layout: (1) Receiving building, reception pit and food waste preprocessing; (2) Retention/hydrolysis tank; (3) Acetogenesis tank; (4) Primary digester; (5) Digestate holding tank; (6) Biogas conditioning and CHP skid; Effluent polishing with (7) nitrogen removal and (8) aeration prior to discharge.

Connecticut anaerobic digester has capacity to process 40,000 tons/year of dry and liquid food waste. The host community is purchasing the renewable power.
Bob Spencer, Morgan Casella and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 33

What The AD Industry Can Learn From Solar Standardization
Figure 1. Example counterparty structure

Applying a proven project finance model to the anaerobic digestion industry is the best way to ensure projects get built and operate profitably over the long-term.
John Dannan and Janice Tran
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 37

Connections: Perspectives On Plastics
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 39

Equipment News
Doppstadt DZ 750 Kombi

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 40

What The AD Industry Can Learn From Solar Standardization
Figure 1. Example counterparty structure

Applying a proven project finance model to the anaerobic digestion industry is the best way to ensure projects get built and operate profitably over the long-term. John Dannan and Janice Tran BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 37 THE U.S. anaerobic digestion (AD) market represents an attractive, multibillion dollar investment opportunity. However, structural industry

Bugs Eat Our Food Waste

The practice of entotechnology is another sustainable method to organic waste processing — producing food, whether for people, animals or fish.

Marsha W. Johnston

Feedback Requested On Ontario RNG Document
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs

The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) Invites you to provide feedback on a Renewable Natural Gas Discussion Document so that OMAFRA may understand the level of interest and business readiness for production and use of Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) as transportation fuel.

Cover: BioCycle June, 2017
BioCycle June, 2017

Diverting stadium organics to composting moves the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum towards its Zero Waste goal line.

Editorial: Enterprising Ecologically
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

The climate-ignorant cocoon may be penny-wise for the fossil fuel sector, but it is Gigaton foolish for humanity, and all the living creatures and ecosystems that support us.

BioCycle World
University of Toledo "Greenbox"

BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 6
Women In Waste And Recycling, Business Case For Food Waste Reduction, Compendium Of Disposal Bans And Mandatory Recycling Laws, Food Waste Kiosk Update, $22 Million Net Benefit Opportunity In New York State, Composting And Recycling In Denver, Opportunities For Food Waste Reduction In 2018 Farm Bill, Organics Recycling At LAX

Composting Roundup
2017 Midwest Compost School

BioCycle  June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 9
2017 Midwest Compost School, Tomato Grower Expands Into Composting, Aminopyralid Contamination Detected In Compost, Pilot Promotes Food Waste Composting, Community Composting Expansion, City’s Compost Achieves OMRI Certification, Household Organics Collection Kicks Off

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle  June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 14

Los Angeles Coliseum “Modernizes” With Zero Waste
Most service ware at the LA Coliseum has been switched out with compostable products such as cups (top) and cutlery, and paper and fiber-based trays, clamshells and bowls. The Coliseum’s zero waste team opted to go with only compostables and recyclables bins (bottom) in the consumer-generated waste areas.

The football stadium, home to the USC Trojans and the LA Rams, went from zero to an average of 83 percent diversion in two seasons. Organics are key to this success.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 17

Organics Recycling Lands At Major Airports
SEA-TAC International Airport, servicing Seattle, accepts pre and postconsumer food waste from concessionaires and at public kiosks (above) in concourse food courts.

Where local infrastructure exists, systems are being put in place to make composting an easy addition
to waste diversion programs.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 23

BioCycle Equipment And Systems Directory
BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2017

BioCycle’s Equipment and Systems Directory — a guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries — is available here only. This Equipment and Systems Directory features detailed categories to guide your search. BioCycle editors have qualified company listings in the Directory, and reviewed their websites to assist with categorization of products and services.

Aeration Floor Fundamentals
Figure 1. Air flow in a compost pile

Adequate air delivery and distribution are keys to an optimized composting process. In forced air systems, the aeration floor is a key element of that optimization. Part I
Craig Coker and Tim O’Neill
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 30

Status Of Organics Recycling In The UK
UK Operational AD plants up to April 2016, and planned deployment to 2019

WRAP report on the United Kingdom’s organics recycling industry finds rapid growth in anaerobic digestion capacity, and a slight increase in composting capacity.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 33

Equipment News
Rehrig Pacific's EnviroGuard Organics Roll-Out Cart

BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 40

Maryland To Explore A Decentralized Composting Infrastructure
Maryland

Governor Hogan Signs Two Bills – HB171/SB99 & HB1349 – to Advance Food Waste Recovery and Ensure Compostable Plastics Meet Standards

Editorial: More Than Semantics
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 4

BioCycle World
NYC Food Waste Fair

BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Gail Kozel Foley in malt field

Pale Ale, With Boost From Compost • District Ramps Up Composting, Food Waste Diversion • Composting Foundation Seeks Young Investigators • Soil-To-Soil Textile Production
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
IKEA fuel cell system

3-Day Digester Training Course • Ikea Expands Biogas Network • How To Keep A Digester Successful • Bananas To Biofuels • United Kingdom Revises Feed-In Tariffs For Ad Plants
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 16

Depackaging At Solid Waste Transfer Station
Storage area for packaged dry foods such as bread and cereal, to be loaded into the Scott Turbo Separator, and recovered for animal feed. An entire pallet of packaged food, inside a large cardboard box, can be tipped into the hopper for processing.

A Massachusetts trash hauling and recycling company invested in a mechanical separation system for food waste, opening up outlets for the processed material.
Bob Spencer and Morgan Casella
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 21

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Keeping Compostables Stream Compostable
Paper straws have replaced plastic (left). Clamshells and cutlery must be certified compostable (middle). Plastic stir sticks, polystyrene lids and plastic-coated cups are prohibited (right).

All to-go food serviceware must be compostable or recyclable in the unincorporated areas of Santa Cruz County.
Tim Goncharoff
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 25

Hennepin County Residential Food Scraps Diversion
Residents at a Minneapolis open house raise their hands if they signed up for the city’s residential curbside organics collection service. Households receive a 32-gallon organics cart.

Municipalities in this Minnesota region offer food scraps collection to households using a voluntary participation approach.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 28

Advancing Sports Greening
The LED lights installed at Yankee Stadium are an example of an innovation that has rapidly become the norm at sports venues.

The Green Sports Alliance does not ask its members to be perfect, explains Justin Zeulner, Executive Director: “We ask them to show that these goals can be accomplished.”
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 41

High Solids Digester Services California Municipalities
An automated smart conveyor delivers feedstock from the organics recovery facility to fill “hoppers” that feed the digesters.

Southern California waste management company opens high solids anaerobic digestion facility to process municipal yard trimmings and food waste.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 44

Canadian City Ready To Launch AD And Composting Facility
Surrey has a 3-cart residential curbside collection system with organics picked up weekly, while recyclables and garbage are collected on alternate weeks.

The City of Surrey, British Columbia will be opening its 127,000 tons/year food waste and yard trimmings organics recycling operation in June.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 47

AD Prospects — Not As Bad As You Hear
BioCycle Energy

Anaerobic digester project developers should keep seeking to capitalize on current revenue enhancers — and on new ones to supplement or replace them.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 51

Connections: Soils Alive!
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 54

Equipment News
ClearSpan Hercules Truss Arch Building

BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 56

Contents: BioCycle May, 2017
BioCycle May, 2017

On The Cover: Packaged food prior to processing at the E.L. Harvey & Sons solid waste transfer facility in Massachusetts.

Food Recovery Innovators
DC Central Kitchen

Does Your Solution Have Significant Potential To Scale?
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 49

Contents: BioCycle March/April, 2017
BioCycle March/April 2017

• What’s Your “Big Mac®”?
• Selling Your Sustainability Story
• Food Recovery Innovators

Editorial: Running The Numbers
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 4

BioCycle World
Florida Department of Environmental Protection

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Garden City Compost

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
Quantum Biopower

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 20

What’s Your “Big Mac®”?
Palletizable Filtrexx Soxx™ that did not slide when stacked on pallets allowed rapid advancement of palletization, which led to scale, which led to what Rod Tyler calls Filtrexx’s “Big Mac®.”

Compost marketing entrepreneur grew a company that today uses over a million cubic yards of compost annually.
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 26

Selling Your Sustainability Story
Magic Dirt™

What looks like peat, acts like peat but isn’t peat? That’s the sustainability story behind Magic Dirt™, made from anaerobically digested dairy manure fibers.
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 31

Calculating Economic Impact Of Commercial Organics Ban
Figure 1. Average number of employees per business

Quantitative and qualitative analysis conducted in Massachusetts indicates growth in employment and revenues
after implementation of the commercial organics waste ban.
John Fischer and Elizabeth Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 36

Managing Odors At Anaerobic Digestion Plants
Quasar energy group took a critical look at its biofilters, including the media, sizing and contact time as odorous air passes through. The new biofilter at its Wooster (Ohio) AD plant is four times the size of the original.

Experiencing odors and complaints at its AD operations, quasar energy group spent 10 months dissecting the situation and coming up with a suite of solutions.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 39

Tackling Food Waste In Iowa’s K-12 Schools
Central Community School District students with teacher, Ann Gritzner (right), showcase the new sign for their composting site.

Audits at 17 schools found students generate more food waste at lunch than an initial estimate of 0.1 lbs/student, creating a baseline for prevention and recovery steps.
Mallory Feeney
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 44

Building Community Composting In Bushwick, Brooklyn
Four bike riders collect about 860 lbs/week of food scraps. BK ROT is part of a NYC Business Integrity Commission pilot that allows qualifying community composters to collect and transport organics from commercial establishments.

BK ROT combines organics recycling with youth employment, environmental justice, and the creation of green space.
Guy Schaffer
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 46

Postmortem Of A Food Scraps Composting Facility
Black Bear Composting (BBC) stopped accepting new materials for composting in December 2016. It is open to sell remaining compost.

Founder and owner of Black Bear Composting in Crimora, Virginia, which closed its composting operation but continues to offer organics collection, relates his experiences and lessons learned.
Eric Walter
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 54

Particle Size Reduction Strategies
Doppstadt AK 530 high speed grinder with AR400 face-hardened hammers at Calvert Wood Recycling

Grinding strategies are driven by business priorities, feedstock types and quantities, compost mix ratios, product markets, sales seasonality and the weather.
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 58

Mesophillic Static Pile Composting Of Animal Carcasses
Figure 1. Cross section of aboveground burial system

MSPC offers many of the benefits of traditional on-site burial while minimizing the potential for environmental impact.
Gary Flory and Robert Peer
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 65

Equipment News
Backers star screen

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 72

BIOCYCLE EAST COAST17
Contents: BioCycle February, 2017

Digester Mixing Fundamentals
Food Waste Collection Truck Innovations
• Editorial: Double Down On The Upside

Editorial: Double Down On The Upside
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 4

BioCycle World
Hierarchy to reduce food waste and grow community

BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Perdue Farms composting

BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 13

Anaerobic Digest
Bridgend, South Wales, UK anaerobic digestion facility

BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 16

Advancing Composting In Tennessee
Montgomery Bell State Park composts preconsumer food prep scraps, coffee filters and tea bags from the park’s restaurant.

Grants and new rules help facilitate start-up of composting operations, establishing a framework to improve organics management in the state.
Alle Crampton
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 19

County Expands Food Waste Composting Site
Manufacturers are responding to the increased demand for vehicles that can service commercial and residential source separated organics collection.

The Ulster County (NY) Resource Recovery Agency recently expanded its pilot composting facility to service organics haulers.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 21

Food Waste Collection Truck Innovations
The ROTO-PAC® marketed by New Way has a retractable arm that can extend 12-feet (left) and a rotating auger mounted in the collection hopper (inset) that mixes and shreds organics, freeing up space in the truck body.

Manufacturers are responding to the increased demand for vehicles that can service commercial and residential source separated organics collection.
Barbara Hesselgrave
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 24

RNG, Cellulosic Fuels And The Renewable Fuel Standard
Figure 1. Renewable fuel and RIN nesting in the RFS

Because of an all-time high waiver credit value paired with strong advanced RIN prices, renewable natural gas could fetch $35/MMBtu in 2017.
Susan Olson
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 30

Digester Mixing Fundamentals
SUMA Optimix 3G with submersible motor

Mixing maintains integrity of the decomposition process by improving circulation and consistency, and minimizing volumes of the scum and grit layers.
Craig Coker and Gene Smith
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 33

Nutrient Credit Procurement Update
State legislation could create opportunities for advanced BMPs like anaerobic digestion to predictably sell forward large volumes of “long-term verified nutrient credits.”

State proposals to procure nutrient reductions like commodities may offer anaerobic digestion projects new revenue streams.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 36

Connections: Numbers Guide
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 39

Equipment News
Morbark, LLC/Pronar partnership

BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 40

Digester Mixing Fundamentals: Q&A With Gene Smith

BioCycle: What is meant by “non-Newtonian behavior”? Gene Smith: A Newtonian liquid, like water, has the same viscosity, no matter how you beat on it. It might change a bit with temperature but very little. There are several non-Newtonian behaviors. A favorite with children is to make a slurry of corn starch in water. It

BIOCYCLE EAST COAST17
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BioCycle Food Recycling News—February 1, 2017

In This Issue:
• Wasted Food Dude
• Food News Digest
• Events Calendar

Contents: BioCycle January, 2017
BioCycle January 2017

On The Cover: Washington State composter employs multiple strategies to minimize incoming contamination and maximize removal on the back end.

Editorial: The Business Case
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 4