Poultry Litter Digestion And Digestate Analyses
Oril-Leader poultry farm AD system is the largest in Ukraine.

Data indicates codigestion with other substrates can improve biogas yield and quality. And most of the organic N is converted to ammonia, which can be converted to ammonium and nitrate by soil microbes. Part II
Craig Coker
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 42

Connections: More Green
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 47

Equipment News
Krohne’s Optisonic 7300 Biogas ultrasonic flowmeter

BioCycle  October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 48

Breaking News: September Webinars Of Interest
webinar

• Real Estate And Sustainable Soil Management
• Now What? Preparing for China’s Waste Ban
• Business Models For Community Composting

Cover: BioCycle September, 2017

• RNG Trends In Canada
• Closing The Loop
Field Testing Protocol For Compostable Packaging

Editorial: Show Time!
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 4

BioCycle World
NYC Food Waste Fair

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Atlas Organics' Compost House program uses 5-gallon collection pails with a compostable liner.

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 16

Anaerobic Digest
Anaerobic digester sourced energy will be used to produce the BMW X3

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 22

Closing The Loop

Growing A Revolution, published in Spring 2017, examines how restoring fertility to soils can be done rapidly and effectively through recycling organic matter and regenerative farming practices.
David R. Montgomery
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 27

RNG Trends In Canada
The Surrey Biofuel Facility in Surrey, BC (left) is expected to add 120,000 gigajoules of RNG to the FortisBC pipeline in Fall 2017. Biogas generated at the Salmon Arm Landfill in Salmon, BC is upgraded (above) for pipeline injection.

Interest in production and utilization of renewable natural gas is growing in several provinces. The federal government is expected to implement carbon pricing, which could help accelerate RNG initiatives.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 30

Measurement, Motivations And Opportunities To Waste Less Food
Figure 1. External influences on household food waste dynamics and individual behavior

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality releases findings on psychological, socio-economic and structural drivers that contribute to generation of preventable wasted food in households.
Ashley Zanolli
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 39

Field Testing Protocol For Compostable Packaging
At the CASP, the bags were laid on the side of a new row and buried as the row was built.

Compostable product disintegration trials conducted in British Columbia help lay groundwork for open source, field testing protocol.
Chantal Strand and Emily McGill
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 46

Poultry Litter Digestion
Poultry litter contains valuable major and minor plant nutrients, and a significant amount of energy.

Poultry litter — a heterogeneous and fairly dry mix that includes manure and bedding — can be diluted to improve its digestibility. Part I
Craig Coker
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 50

Equipment News
DTE Grit Removal System

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 64

Cover: BioCycle August, 2017

• Reducing Waste Food In Tennessee
• Florida Organics Recycler Expands Exponentially
• Food Waste To Renewable Natural Gas

View contents

Editorial: Puzzle Pieces
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 4
Nora Goldstein

BioCycle World
Encore's condensate recovery unit

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Central Soils' (New Zealand) Loadscan volumetric scanner

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 13

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 16

Reducing Wasted Food In Tennessee
The Nashville Food Project (TNFP) brings people together to “grow, cook and share nourishing food, with the goals of cultivating community and alleviating hunger.” Delvin Farms shown donating strawberries to the TNFP.

About 15 percent of Tennessee households are food insecure, and almost 1.2 million tons of food are landfilled annually. The state is moving quickly to address both realities. Part I
Ashley Cabrera
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 18

Residential Organics Diversion In Toronto
Source separated organics collection is available to 65 percent of Toronto’s multifamily residential buildings.

Almost 160,000 tons of source separated organics were collected for anaerobic digestion and/or composting in 2016. About 78% came from households.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 24

Florida Organics Recycler Expands Exponentially
Sarasota-based 1 Stop Landscape Supply & Yard Waste Recycling Facility processes about 70,000 tons/year of yard trimmings, land clearing debris and pallets.

Acquisition of a 10-acre yard trimmings operation in 2004 laid the groundwork for a 100-acre facility that manufactures compost, mulch, soil blends and recycled concrete products.
Niki Vala and Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 28

Compost Communicator
USCC Compost Communicator

Summer 2017 Issue of US Composting Council Newsletter

Food Waste To Renewable Natural Gas
Solid food waste feedstocks will be depackaged, decontaminated and slurried to 10 to 14 percent solids in the Re:Sep system (example installation above). The unit includes a vertical paddle mill with 2 sizes of screen mesh.

Groundbreaking held in June for 180,000 tons/year anaerobic digester that will generate up to 3,000 dekatherms/day of renewable natural gas.
Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 41

Connections: Talking, And Walking, The Talk
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 46

Equipment News
Patz Corporation’s 2400 Series II Vertical Mixer

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 48

Cover: BioCycle July, 2017
BioCycle July, 2017

On The Cover: Quantum Biopower’s food waste only anaerobic digester opened for business in early 2017.

Editorial: Relevance Reinforcement
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 4

BioCycle World
"The Exchange" is a plate rental system and commercial dishwasher on wheels.

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Circle Compost's collection and composting

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 11

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 16

South Carolina Convention Center Tackles Food Waste
The Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center, with the help of its chef, Tommy Kasperski (second from right) and Atlas Organics, diverted 18,000 pounds via donation and composting in the first year of the program.

Chef assists clients with accurate food ordering. Surplus is donated, and scraps are diverted to a composting facility.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 19

Deeper Dive Into Zero Waste
Zero Waste training at Arizona State University includes sorts of the trash, recycling and organics bins to identify and eliminate challenging materials. Sorting contents of front-of-house bins, directed by Stephanie Barger of GBCI’s Zero Waste program (on right in front), shown above.

Credential and certification programs are available to universities and businesses to guide initiatives and achieve a minimum of 90 percent diversion.
Sarah Stanley
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 21

Compost Effects On Weed Suppression
Compost used to prepare the extract was made from 30% browns, 50% greens, and 20% high nitrogen feedstocks.

Novel laboratory and greenhouse trials test effect of using chemically- and microbially-designed compost extracts to suppress weeds and improve crop yield.
Gladis Zinati
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 26

Composting Aeration Floor Functions And Designs
Figure 1. Maldistribution of air flow

Adequate air delivery and distribution are key to an optimized composting process. Design considerations are provided. Part II
Craig Coker and Tim O’Neill
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 28

On-Site Food Waste Pretreatment
Food Waste

Guide to equipment and systems for businesses, institutions and venues that manage food waste on-site.
Nora Goldstein and Charlotte Dreizen
BioCycle  July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 31

Merchant Biogas Plant Services Food Waste Generators
Facility layout: (1) Receiving building, reception pit and food waste preprocessing; (2) Retention/hydrolysis tank; (3) Acetogenesis tank; (4) Primary digester; (5) Digestate holding tank; (6) Biogas conditioning and CHP skid; Effluent polishing with (7) nitrogen removal and (8) aeration prior to discharge.

Connecticut anaerobic digester has capacity to process 40,000 tons/year of dry and liquid food waste. The host community is purchasing the renewable power.
Bob Spencer, Morgan Casella and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 33

What The AD Industry Can Learn From Solar Standardization
Figure 1. Example counterparty structure

Applying a proven project finance model to the anaerobic digestion industry is the best way to ensure projects get built and operate profitably over the long-term.
John Dannan and Janice Tran
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 37

Connections: Perspectives On Plastics
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 39

Equipment News
Doppstadt DZ 750 Kombi

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 40

What The AD Industry Can Learn From Solar Standardization
Figure 1. Example counterparty structure

Applying a proven project finance model to the anaerobic digestion industry is the best way to ensure projects get built and operate profitably over the long-term. John Dannan and Janice Tran BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 37 THE U.S. anaerobic digestion (AD) market represents an attractive, multibillion dollar investment opportunity. However, structural industry

Bugs Eat Our Food Waste

The practice of entotechnology is another sustainable method to organic waste processing — producing food, whether for people, animals or fish.

Marsha W. Johnston

Feedback Requested On Ontario RNG Document
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs

The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) Invites you to provide feedback on a Renewable Natural Gas Discussion Document so that OMAFRA may understand the level of interest and business readiness for production and use of Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) as transportation fuel.

Cover: BioCycle June, 2017
BioCycle June, 2017

Diverting stadium organics to composting moves the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum towards its Zero Waste goal line.

Editorial: Enterprising Ecologically
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

The climate-ignorant cocoon may be penny-wise for the fossil fuel sector, but it is Gigaton foolish for humanity, and all the living creatures and ecosystems that support us.

BioCycle World
University of Toledo "Greenbox"

BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 6
Women In Waste And Recycling, Business Case For Food Waste Reduction, Compendium Of Disposal Bans And Mandatory Recycling Laws, Food Waste Kiosk Update, $22 Million Net Benefit Opportunity In New York State, Composting And Recycling In Denver, Opportunities For Food Waste Reduction In 2018 Farm Bill, Organics Recycling At LAX

Composting Roundup
2017 Midwest Compost School

BioCycle  June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 9
2017 Midwest Compost School, Tomato Grower Expands Into Composting, Aminopyralid Contamination Detected In Compost, Pilot Promotes Food Waste Composting, Community Composting Expansion, City’s Compost Achieves OMRI Certification, Household Organics Collection Kicks Off

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle  June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 14

Los Angeles Coliseum “Modernizes” With Zero Waste
Most service ware at the LA Coliseum has been switched out with compostable products such as cups (top) and cutlery, and paper and fiber-based trays, clamshells and bowls. The Coliseum’s zero waste team opted to go with only compostables and recyclables bins (bottom) in the consumer-generated waste areas.

The football stadium, home to the USC Trojans and the LA Rams, went from zero to an average of 83 percent diversion in two seasons. Organics are key to this success.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 17

Organics Recycling Lands At Major Airports
SEA-TAC International Airport, servicing Seattle, accepts pre and postconsumer food waste from concessionaires and at public kiosks (above) in concourse food courts.

Where local infrastructure exists, systems are being put in place to make composting an easy addition
to waste diversion programs.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 23

BioCycle Equipment And Systems Directory
BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2017

BioCycle’s Equipment and Systems Directory — a guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries — is available here only. This Equipment and Systems Directory features detailed categories to guide your search. BioCycle editors have qualified company listings in the Directory, and reviewed their websites to assist with categorization of products and services.

Aeration Floor Fundamentals
Figure 1. Air flow in a compost pile

Adequate air delivery and distribution are keys to an optimized composting process. In forced air systems, the aeration floor is a key element of that optimization. Part I
Craig Coker and Tim O’Neill
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 30

Status Of Organics Recycling In The UK
UK Operational AD plants up to April 2016, and planned deployment to 2019

WRAP report on the United Kingdom’s organics recycling industry finds rapid growth in anaerobic digestion capacity, and a slight increase in composting capacity.
Craig Coker
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 33

Equipment News
Rehrig Pacific's EnviroGuard Organics Roll-Out Cart

BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 40

Maryland To Explore A Decentralized Composting Infrastructure
Maryland

Governor Hogan Signs Two Bills – HB171/SB99 & HB1349 – to Advance Food Waste Recovery and Ensure Compostable Plastics Meet Standards

Editorial: More Than Semantics
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 4

BioCycle World
NYC Food Waste Fair

BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Gail Kozel Foley in malt field

Pale Ale, With Boost From Compost • District Ramps Up Composting, Food Waste Diversion • Composting Foundation Seeks Young Investigators • Soil-To-Soil Textile Production
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest
IKEA fuel cell system

3-Day Digester Training Course • Ikea Expands Biogas Network • How To Keep A Digester Successful • Bananas To Biofuels • United Kingdom Revises Feed-In Tariffs For Ad Plants
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 16

Depackaging At Solid Waste Transfer Station
Storage area for packaged dry foods such as bread and cereal, to be loaded into the Scott Turbo Separator, and recovered for animal feed. An entire pallet of packaged food, inside a large cardboard box, can be tipped into the hopper for processing.

A Massachusetts trash hauling and recycling company invested in a mechanical separation system for food waste, opening up outlets for the processed material.
Bob Spencer and Morgan Casella
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 21

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Keeping Compostables Stream Compostable
Paper straws have replaced plastic (left). Clamshells and cutlery must be certified compostable (middle). Plastic stir sticks, polystyrene lids and plastic-coated cups are prohibited (right).

All to-go food serviceware must be compostable or recyclable in the unincorporated areas of Santa Cruz County.
Tim Goncharoff
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 25

Hennepin County Residential Food Scraps Diversion
Residents at a Minneapolis open house raise their hands if they signed up for the city’s residential curbside organics collection service. Households receive a 32-gallon organics cart.

Municipalities in this Minnesota region offer food scraps collection to households using a voluntary participation approach.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 28

Advancing Sports Greening
The LED lights installed at Yankee Stadium are an example of an innovation that has rapidly become the norm at sports venues.

The Green Sports Alliance does not ask its members to be perfect, explains Justin Zeulner, Executive Director: “We ask them to show that these goals can be accomplished.”
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 41

High Solids Digester Services California Municipalities
An automated smart conveyor delivers feedstock from the organics recovery facility to fill “hoppers” that feed the digesters.

Southern California waste management company opens high solids anaerobic digestion facility to process municipal yard trimmings and food waste.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 44

Canadian City Ready To Launch AD And Composting Facility
Surrey has a 3-cart residential curbside collection system with organics picked up weekly, while recyclables and garbage are collected on alternate weeks.

The City of Surrey, British Columbia will be opening its 127,000 tons/year food waste and yard trimmings organics recycling operation in June.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 47

AD Prospects — Not As Bad As You Hear
BioCycle Energy

Anaerobic digester project developers should keep seeking to capitalize on current revenue enhancers — and on new ones to supplement or replace them.
Michael H. Levin
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 51

Connections: Soils Alive!
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 54

Equipment News
ClearSpan Hercules Truss Arch Building

BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 56

Contents: BioCycle May, 2017
BioCycle May, 2017

On The Cover: Packaged food prior to processing at the E.L. Harvey & Sons solid waste transfer facility in Massachusetts.

Food Recovery Innovators
DC Central Kitchen

Does Your Solution Have Significant Potential To Scale?
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 49

Contents: BioCycle March/April, 2017
BioCycle March/April 2017

• What’s Your “Big Mac®”?
• Selling Your Sustainability Story
• Food Recovery Innovators

Editorial: Running The Numbers
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 4

BioCycle World
Florida Department of Environmental Protection

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Garden City Compost

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 15

Anaerobic Digest
Quantum Biopower

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 20

What’s Your “Big Mac®”?
Palletizable Filtrexx Soxx™ that did not slide when stacked on pallets allowed rapid advancement of palletization, which led to scale, which led to what Rod Tyler calls Filtrexx’s “Big Mac®.”

Compost marketing entrepreneur grew a company that today uses over a million cubic yards of compost annually.
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 26

Selling Your Sustainability Story
Magic Dirt™

What looks like peat, acts like peat but isn’t peat? That’s the sustainability story behind Magic Dirt™, made from anaerobically digested dairy manure fibers.
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 31

Calculating Economic Impact Of Commercial Organics Ban
Figure 1. Average number of employees per business

Quantitative and qualitative analysis conducted in Massachusetts indicates growth in employment and revenues
after implementation of the commercial organics waste ban.
John Fischer and Elizabeth Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 36

Managing Odors At Anaerobic Digestion Plants
Quasar energy group took a critical look at its biofilters, including the media, sizing and contact time as odorous air passes through. The new biofilter at its Wooster (Ohio) AD plant is four times the size of the original.

Experiencing odors and complaints at its AD operations, quasar energy group spent 10 months dissecting the situation and coming up with a suite of solutions.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 39