Compost Is Clear Carbon Storage Winner

A recent study from the University of California Davis (UC Davis) confirmed what many of us have known for our professional careers: compost makes the difference.

Illinois Law To Increase Compost Use On State Funded Projects
Illinois Environmental Council

HB 4790 will help create new market for compost.

Composting Roundup
Solana Center joined forces with the County of San Diego and Hidden Resources in 2016 to create an introductory mid-scale composting workshop series that included two workshops, a hands-on build and six field trip options.

BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 11

Breaking News: September Webinars Of Interest

• Real Estate And Sustainable Soil Management
• Now What? Preparing for China’s Waste Ban
• Business Models For Community Composting

Compost Fares Well In Fertilizer And Soil Amendment Rules
What can be said legally about “compost” on a product label and/or promotional materials is determined by “Control Officials” within individual state Departments of Agriculture.

New definition for compost, and model language to exempt compost, biosolids and manure products, where warranted, under the Urban Landscape Fertilizer regulations, are among latest AAPFCO developments.
Ron Alexander
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 43

Composting Roundup
Circle Compost's collection and composting

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 11

Compost Effects On Weed Suppression
Compost used to prepare the extract was made from 30% browns, 50% greens, and 20% high nitrogen feedstocks.

Novel laboratory and greenhouse trials test effect of using chemically- and microbially-designed compost extracts to suppress weeds and improve crop yield.
Gladis Zinati
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 26

Composting Roundup
2017 Midwest Compost School

BioCycle  June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 9
2017 Midwest Compost School, Tomato Grower Expands Into Composting, Aminopyralid Contamination Detected In Compost, Pilot Promotes Food Waste Composting, Community Composting Expansion, City’s Compost Achieves OMRI Certification, Household Organics Collection Kicks Off

Composting Roundup
Gail Kozel Foley in malt field

Pale Ale, With Boost From Compost • District Ramps Up Composting, Food Waste Diversion • Composting Foundation Seeks Young Investigators • Soil-To-Soil Textile Production
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 12

Composting Roundup
Garden City Compost

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 15

What’s Your “Big Mac®”?
Palletizable Filtrexx Soxx™ that did not slide when stacked on pallets allowed rapid advancement of palletization, which led to scale, which led to what Rod Tyler calls Filtrexx’s “Big Mac®.”

Compost marketing entrepreneur grew a company that today uses over a million cubic yards of compost annually.
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 26

Site Restoration With Compost And Subsoiling
Figure 1. Before (a) and after (b) aerial photographs of subsoiling test site at elementary school near Baltimore, MD showing the suburban subsoiling treatment area (SS), the topsoiling treatment area (TS) and the control reference site (RS)

Field-scale trial utilizes urban soil husbandry practices — compost amendment and soil decompaction — to earn an impervious area reduction credit.
Craig Coker and Stuart Schwartz
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 50

Phosphorus And Compost Use Dynamics
Excess amounts of phosphate can cause algae blooms to occur. Inorganic forms of phosphate pose the greatest risk to water quality.

Organic forms of phosphorus, such as biosolids and compost products, contain low to very low levels of water extractable phosphorus, but increasingly are regulated like inorganic P sources.
Ron Alexander
BioCycle December 2016, Vol. 57, No. 11, p. 22

Breaking News: Composting Collaborative Launch, Nov. 17, 2016

Composting Collaborative was officially launched on November 17 in Washington, D.C. The Collaborative was created by GreenBlue, in partnership with BioCycle and the US Composting Council, to drive sustainable materials management of organics and all compostables.

Composting Roundup
Symptoms of leaf and petiole distortion on samples were consistent with chemical injury from a growth regulator-type of herbicide.

BioCycle November 2016, Vol. 57, No. 10, p. 10

Compost Use By State DOTs

Research project collects and analyzes compost use data for three state Departments of Transportation: California, Texas and Washington.
Ryan Batjiaka
BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 18

Solution Driven Organics Recycler

Ag Choice hauls, depackages and produces animal feed and compost. Founders Jay and Jill Fischer embrace new opportunities, and then figure out how to maximize efficiencies and profitability.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 26

Physical Contaminant Testing Of Composts
Photos of contaminants (from left to right) — metal, glass and film plastic. Each represents 0.5% of the total dry weight of the 1 kg of contaminated dry compost.

Changes are in progress in multiple countries on weight-based limits for physical contaminants in composts. The net effect may be higher quality compost products.
Thomas J. Aspray
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 56

Setting Compost Research Priorities In Vermont
Deborah Neher, University of Vermont, presenting the research study.

University of Vermont faculty members convened a group to identify research needs related to mandatory food scraps diversion policies in New England.
Craig Coker
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 66

Composting Roundup
Joe’s Organics collects over 2 tons/week of food scraps from Austin restaurants and sustainable businesses

BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 9
Hawaii County Council Oks $10m For Composting Facility; Fish Compost Raises Vegetable Yields; Food Scraps Kiosks

Using Drones To Measure Compost Piles
Example of flight patterns for drone.

Unmanned Aerial Systems provide composting facilities with more accurate data to manage inventory, contract grinding — and perhaps detect hot spots in piles.
Craig Coker
BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 17

Diversifying Into Compost Soil Blends
In 2015, Luck Ecosystems incorporated over 11,000 cubic yards of compost into its products at its blending and screening facility (above), including a biofiltration media (left) used in rain gardens (right).

Virginia mining company purchases compost to meet certain soil and amendment blend specifications.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 20

Food Safety Rule Impacts On Organics Recyclers
Use of agricultural water for irrigation falls under Produce Safety.

ood Safety Modernization Act rules, finalized in November 2015, guide compost and water use on produce farms.
Craig Coker
BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 22

Plate To Garden Compost Program
Compost is transported in bulk to the host site. The participating group and their volunteers bag the compost with tools and supplies from the MNCC.

Minnesota Composting Council’s Plate To Garden Compost program gives schools and organizations participating in SSO diversion an opportunity to sell finished compost as a fundraiser.
Marcus Zbinden, Anne Ludvik and Jake Duame
BioCycle May 2016, Vol. 57, No. 4, p. 18

Franciosi Named USCC Executive Director
Frank Franciosi, Executive Director, US Composting Council

The US Composting Council (USCC) Board of Directors is pleased to announce the appointment of Frank Franciosi, a composting industry leader and business executive, to the leadership position of Executive Director of the USCC and its sister foundation, the Composting Council Research and Education Foundation.

Composting Roundup
New York City’s (NYC) decommissioned newspaper boxes are being reimagined as receptacles for organic waste collection.

BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 12

Compost’s Role In Potato Industry Sustainability
The average yield of potatoes grown in compost-amended soil (above) has increased by 15 to 20 hundred weight per acre.

Growers in New Brunswick, Canada, where the potato industry is struggling, have “an organic matter crisis.” Compost use trials have been underway for several years.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 20

Urban Farmers Look Up To Compost

The Brooklyn Grange has a total of 2.5 acres under cultivation in New York City. Composting and compost use are integral to its operations.
Laura Rosenshine and Jillian Brooks
BioCycle October 2015, Vol. 56, No. 9, p. 47

Food Scraps To Orchard Amendment At Philadelphia Prison Complex
People involved in PPS composting (left to right): Dexter Adams, Kuldip Singh, Laura Cassidy, Lt. Edward Bender, Officer Rick Orange, and Reginald McCorey

An aerated bay composting system processes postconsumer food scraps from two correctional facilities — providing vocational training for inmates and compost for the prison’s orchard.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 26

Cover Article: BioCycle August, 2015

San Diego International Airport, with new LEED Platinum terminal and robust food scraps diversion program, is model for airports worldwide.

Composting Roundup
DSNY food scraps drop-off locations

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 17
Ohio ATI Graduates First Class With Renewable Energy Degree • Breaking A Renewable Energy Record • AD Projects Receive Clean Energy Funds • AD Projects Receive Clean Energy Funds • Community Digester Wins State Funding • Dairy Digester Awarded R&D Grant By State Ag Agency

Winning Formula For Biosolids Composting
The Clallam County biosolids composting facility is on a 1-acre site within a 55-acre solid waste management complex in Port Angeles.

Limited to a one-acre footprint, the City of Port Angeles, Washington strives to produce high quality compost for local markets.
Ashley Blazina
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 49

Composting Roundup
Grant Berman (left) and Miles Macero of Dirty Boys Composting

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 10

Introducing … STA Certified Compost
US Composting Council's STA Certified Compost seal

In a new development, the US Composting Council’s Seal of Testing Assurance Program can now be defined as a certification program.
Ron Alexander and Al Rattie
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 27

Compost Restores Prairie, Improves Golf Course Turf
Applying compost made from the base’s food scraps and wood chips on prairie plots and scattering the larval and nectar host seeds led to spectacular growth.

Joint Base Lewis-McChord is using compost made from preconsumer food scraps on the base to restore habitat for several endangered species. Compost research at the base’s golf course also holds promise. Part II
Ashley Blazina
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 29

Compost Use Trials On Ontario Farms
Crops that need a lot of nitrogen, such as corn (above), may need commercial fertilizer in addition to compost. For orchard crops, such as cherries and apples, compost alone can provide all necessary fertilization.

Results find compost benefits are dependent on soil type, crops being grown and their nitrogen requirements, the soil’s need for organic matter and the weather.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 39

Composting Roundup

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 12

Sowing The Seed Of Food Security
To create the urban farm, about 3-feet of wood chips were laid down on the parking lot and then raised beds were created using certified organic compost. A variety of potatoes grown in a “contained” raised bed to facilitate harvesting are shown.

Urban Canopy transformed a 2-acre junkyard in Chicago’s Englewood neighborhood into a thriving urban farm — with the help of compost.
Michelle Burwell
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 77

Connections: Pride In Product

Sally Brown
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 84

Agricultural Demand For Compost In Metro Portland Region
Figure 1: Closing the loop between food production and food consumption

Economic analysis of compost supply, demand and utilization involved gathering data from various sources, including agricultural extension services, Metro and interviews with composters and farmers. Jeri Sawyer, Bonnie Gee Yosick and Erin Harwood BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 57 (This article references tables available in BioCycle Magazine in print.) How can a

Combatting Erosion With Compost
In May 2008, contractors installed a small run of sewer pipe in the upper portion of Wood Creek as well as rocks for bank protection, and covered the project area (top) with a two to four inch compost blanket to control erosion and sedimentation, as well as serve as a growing medium (vegetation shown bottom).

Plymouth, Minnesota employs compost and native plants to restore stream banks, controlling erosion and preventing sediment runoff into the community’s lake.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 33

Composting Roundup

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 10

“Soil Health” And Compost
Compost is spread heavily to focus fertility for row crops on Gardens of Eagan farm in Eureka Township, Minnesota.

Healthy soil is critical to feeding the world’s growing population and mitigating impacts of climate change. But how to define “soil health” is tricky.
Ron Alexander
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 39

Organics Recycler Services Midwest Region
Agricultural and horticultural grades of compost are manufactured. Prices range from $8 to $20/ton.

With almost 30 years of organics processing under its belt, Iowa-based Chamness Technology manages a variety of feedstocks in several states.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 25

Connections: Understanding Urban Soil Lead

Sally Brown
BioCycle December 2014, Vol. 55, No. 11, p. 46

Compost Specific Storm Water Management Guidance
Among best practices for food scraps management is situating the unloading/loading areas indoors or in a covered area.

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency is seeking input on guidance it is developing to address storm water management at composting operations.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle December 2014, Vol. 55, No. 11, p. 30

State Orders Closure Of Peninsula Compost Facility
Wilmington Organics Recycling Center (WORC), circa 2010 Photo courtesy of WORC

On October 20, David Small, Secretary of the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC), issued a Secretary’s Order to Peninsula Compost Company LLC of Wilmington requiring closure of its organics recycling facility.

Ordinances To Amend Soils Boost Compost Demand
New properties within Denver Water’s service area are required to amend soils with 4 cy of compost/1,000 sq. ft. of permeable area to a depth of 6 inches.

Municipalities everywhere are realizing that some of the environmental issues they are grappling with locally
may be mitigated by healthier soils.
Rachel Cernansky
BioCycle October 2014, Vol. 55, No. 9, p. 22

Texas Company Bets On Quality Compost
A Diamond Z tub grinder processes material after composting and before curing.

Entrepreneurs turned around a failing mulch grinding business and today operate several composting sites in the Houston, Texas region.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle October 2014, Vol. 55, No. 9, p. 32

BioCycle World
BioCycle West Coast Conference 2015

BioCycle October 2014, Vol. 55, No. 9, p. 6

10 Trends In The Compost Marketplace
Howard County is running a residential source separated organics collection pilot, and composting materials at its Alpha Ridge Landfill site (feedstock materials grinding shown here).

Veteran compost marketer highlights trends that have helped to shape the expanding marketplace for compost.
Ron Alexander
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 32

Compost And Mulch Aid Drought Survival
The wheat yield increase across all harvests was 16 percent due to higher water holding capacity. (Image courtesy of King County Wastewater)

Composts and organics should be emphasized as much as efficient irrigation techniques to keep crops growing in these times of uncertain water supplies. Part I
Sally Brown
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 78

Connections: Teamwork!
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle February 2014, Vol. 55, No. 2, p. 46

Testing For Persistent Herbicides In Feedstocks And Compost
Figure 1. Antibody and antigen

New testing methods may be available by mid-2014, including molecularly imprinted polymers that simplify extraction and analysis procedures, and a “dipstick” to test for the presence, although not necessarily the concentration, of certain persistent herbicides. Part III
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 31

Tree Service Expands Mulch And Compost Markets
Kachur Tree Service has a drop-off area for other tree services and landscapers in the area to use at no charge. There are separate piles for the various materials coming in.

What started as a way to recycle its own tree trimmings and chunk wood has grown into a landscape products company selling natural and colored mulches and compost.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November 2013, Vol. 54, No. 11, p. 30

Compost Use On Athletic Fields And Golf Courses
Within three years of when compost was first used on the fairways and tee boxes, the Meadows of Sixmile Creek golf course in Wanaukee, Wisconsin was able to replace 100 percent of its synthetic fertilization and 95 percent of its chemical herbicides. Compost is supplied by Purple Cow Organics.

Compost manufacturers in the Southeast and Midwest are capitalizing on their products’ inherent capabilities to build soil organic matter, retain moisture and provide nutrients.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle October 2013, Vol. 54, No. 10, p. 30

Crop Trials Evaluate Green Bin Compost
Compost was added to strawberry beds at Heeman’s Farm in London, Ontario in early June at rates of 2 tons/acre and 4 tons/acre. The compost was rototilled into the rows, which then were covered with plastic mulch and planted.

Field trials are underway to determine whether compost made from source separated organics in the Toronto region improves soil quality and nutrient availability.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle June 2013, Vol. 54, No. 6, p. 32

Compost Integral To Sonoma Vineyard
Lou Preston of Preston Vineyards (above) in Sonoma County began making compost four years ago, pursuing an interest in biodynamic farming.

Preston Vineyards produces about 300 cubic yards/year of compost, which is applied in the fall after the October harvest.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle June 2013, Vol. 54, No. 6, p. 33

Managing Nutrient Release In Compost-Amended Bioswale Soils
Soils put into the columns were mixed at a base ratio of 40 percent compost to 60 percent silica sand by volume. Targeted PSI levels were achieved before additions of water to mimic two types of storm events.

Research shows adding water treatment residuals to a bioswale soil mix immobilizes nutrients in compost that might otherwise leach.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 36

Natural Lawn And Crop Care With Composts And Teas
Compost tea must be applied within four to six hours after removing oxygen. Dane Terrill uses a diaphragm pump and does the application with a spray gun.

Flowerfield Enterprises, an organic lawn care and agricultural services company, mixes high quality thermophilic compost and vermicompost to produce tea with the best attributes.
Rhonda Sherman
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 44

Gravel Pit Reclamation With Compost
Windrows are turned every three days for 15 days with a Midwest Bio-Systems turner pulled by a tractor.

Compost made from short paper fiber and other industrial organics has been key to growing corn and hay crops in a former gravel pit.
Robert Spencer
BioCycle December 2012, Vol. 53, No. 12, p. 39

Farms, Vineyards And Groves Reap Compost’s Benefits
Compost is spread heavily to focus fertility for row crops on Gardens of Eagan farm in Eureka Township, Minnesota.

Water retention, disease suppression and improved soil health are just a few of the perks of amending agricultural soils with recycled organics.
Dan Sullivan
BioCycle August 2012, Vol. 53, No. 8, p. 33

Building Compost Markets In Scotland
Keenan Recycling Ltd. in Aberdeenshire Scotland VCU

“We finally realized what farmers were looking for — a way to reduce the amounts they were paying for ever more expensive chemical fertilizers,” says Gregor Keenan. Part II
David Riggle
BioCycle May 2012, Vol. 53, No. 5, p. 27

Growing A Compost Company
Grow Compost bagged compost retail product

What began as a search for compost evolved into an enterprise processing food scraps, dairy and horse manure, coffee chaff and wood chips.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle May 2012, Vol. 53, No. 5, p. 18

Practicalities Of Compost Marketing And Sales

Ron Alexander BioCycle January 2004, Vol. 45, No. 1, p. 25 After many years of compost marketing and market development, we have come to recognize a number of “truisms.” A leading one is that although compost is a great product and created from a “recycled” feedstock – and therefore is considered an environmentally “correct” product