BioCycle World
A Strategic Guide for Using Data to Drive Food Loss and Waste

BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 6

Correctional Facility Adopts Multiple Food Scraps Practices
Initially, only vegetative food scraps could be collected for vermicomposting due to the worms’ limited diet. Food scraps collection station (above)

Monroe Correctional Facility in Washington State uses low cost options — vermicomposting, fermentation and black solider flies — to process food scraps.
Nick Hacheney and Sally Brown
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 34

Breaking News: September Webinars Of Interest

• Real Estate And Sustainable Soil Management
• Now What? Preparing for China’s Waste Ban
• Business Models For Community Composting

Increasing Composting Infrastructure In The Nation’s Capital
Approximately 60 tons/year of food scraps are composted through the D.C. Parks & Recreation Department’s (DPR) Community Compost Cooperative Network.

A recently released feasibility study analyzed options for recycling the District of Columbia’s food scraps and yard trimmings.
Marsha Johnston and Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 21

Integrated Solutions On Half-Acre Urban Lot
A greenhouse heated by passive solar and biothermal sources enables year-round food production.

Solar greenhouse, seasonal farm, and food scraps collection and management using microlivestock, insects and composting, are among the activities at educational facility.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 30

Quantifying Diversion Impact Of Compostable Packaging
A 3-bin sorting system was used to collect front-of-house materials at Farm Aid, which yielded 22,851 lbs of compostable material. Food scraps comprised 46% of that total; 54% was compostable packaging and uncoated paper.

Waste stream analysis of two events held at a concert venue identified significant quantities of front-of-house compostable material, including a large amount of food.
Charlotte Dreizen
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 34

Composting Roundup
Circle Compost's collection and composting

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 11

Hennepin County Residential Food Scraps Diversion
Residents at a Minneapolis open house raise their hands if they signed up for the city’s residential curbside organics collection service. Households receive a 32-gallon organics cart.

Municipalities in this Minnesota region offer food scraps collection to households using a voluntary participation approach.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 28

BioCycle Live: BioCycle EAST COAST17 Keynote Speaker Kathryn Garcia
Kathryn Garcia, Commissioner, New York City Department Of Sanitation speaks at BioCycle EAST COAST17 Conference, April 5, 2017, Baltimore, Maryland

April 5, 2017 • Baltimore, MD
Intro and closing: Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle
Speaker: Kathryn Garcia, Commissioner, New York City Department Of Sanitation
Presentation Title: Bullish On Organics Recycling

Food Recovery Innovators
DC Central Kitchen

Does Your Solution Have Significant Potential To Scale?
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 49

Composting Roundup
Garden City Compost

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 15

Postmortem Of A Food Scraps Composting Facility
Black Bear Composting (BBC) stopped accepting new materials for composting in December 2016. It is open to sell remaining compost.

Founder and owner of Black Bear Composting in Crimora, Virginia, which closed its composting operation but continues to offer organics collection, relates his experiences and lessons learned.
Eric Walter
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 54

Testing Household Food Scraps Collection Methods
Alexandria recently completed a 3-month residential food scraps curbside collection pilot; 406 households signed up for the free service.

Two northern Virginia municipalities evaluate options to divert residential food scraps — from 24/7 drop-off to curbside collection.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 28

Bike Powered Food Scraps Collection
Figure 3. City Sprouts’ custom trike

Services utilizing bikes pulling trailers are starting up all over the U.S. Entrepreneurs share lessons learned.
Virginia Streeter and Brenda Platt
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 46

Food Scraps Collection In A Rural County
Food and floral scraps from the collection pilot (inset) have been composted at Emmet County’s existing yard trimmings composting site.

Emmet County, Michigan conducted commercial food and floral scraps collection pilots in 2015 and 2016. Tonnages diverted increased by close to 50 percent this year.
Craig Coker and Elisa Seltzer
BioCycle December 2016, Vol. 57, No. 11, p. 16

BioCycle World
JWC Environmental’s 3-SHRED grinder

BioCycle November 2016, Vol. 57, No. 10, p. 6

Regional Digester Increases Food Scraps Processing
Source separated organics collected through a contract with ecomaine are brought to Exeter Agri-Energy where they are processed to remove contaminants and create a slurry to feed to the digester.

A new contract with ecomaine, a regional solid waste authority, is increasing the flow of food waste to an agricultural digester facility in Exeter, Maine.

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 13

Adult Care Home Launches Food Scraps Diversion
TERI clients add mulch to the compost bin (left) and check the moisture in the mix to ensure enough water is added (right).

The McNealy House in Oceanside, California, a home for individuals with autism and other developmental disabilities, established an on-site fermentation and composting program.
Jessica Toth and Erika Osorio
BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 27

Setting Compost Research Priorities In Vermont
Deborah Neher, University of Vermont, presenting the research study.

University of Vermont faculty members convened a group to identify research needs related to mandatory food scraps diversion policies in New England.
Craig Coker
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 66

Compostable Products And Postconsumer Food Scraps
Food scraps and compostable products

A recent blog exchange between a restaurant group and its organics collection service captures the challenges and opportunities around postconsumer food scraps diversion.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle August 2016, Vol. 57, No. 7, p. 21

Food Scraps Recovery At Year-Round Resort
Black Dirt Farm uses a custom-built dump trailer (left) pulled by a 1-ton dump truck to collect and transport separated organics from Jay Peak and other generators it services.

Jay Peak’s five restaurants have diverted over 74 tons of food scraps and soiled paper to an on-farm composting facility since April 2015.
Claire Siegrist and Athena Lee Bradley
BioCycle August 2016, Vol. 57, No. 7, p. 28

Food Recovery Entrepreneurs Workshop Summary
Food Recovery Entrepreneurs Workshop

Carrie Nash Over the past decade, a network of food recovery entrepreneurs has emerged alongside the established food supply industry, bringing safe and wholesome food to hungry people that would otherwise go to waste. On June 27, researchers at Harvard’s Food Law and Policy Clinic (FLPC) and Harvard Business School teamed up to bolster that

Composting Roundup
Compost Ninja, an organics collection business founded by Aaron Hanson.

BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 14

Food Scraps Diversion At BioCycle West Coast16 Conference Venue
A load of Town and Country Resort and Convention Center‘s food waste being delivered for composting at the Miramar Greenery (left).

The Town and Country Resort and Convention Center in San Diego joined the City’s Food Waste Composting Program in 2014. About 200 tons/year are currently diverted.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 26

Tackling Contamination In Food Scraps Stream
Contaminants in food scrap stream.

Workgroup in Washington State that includes local officials, organics recyclers and food and packaging industry representatives is identifying solutions to contaminant reduction.
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 29

BioCycle World

BioCycle February 2016, Vol. 57, No. 2, p. 6

Food Scraps Service For Urban Dwellers
Bootstrap Compost, Boston

Bootstrap Compost started out collecting household food scraps via bicycles and has expanded into cargo vans and commercial organics.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle January 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1 p.21

Residential Food Scraps Drop Off
Residents bring food scraps to the Drop Spots, where they are collected and taken to Cayuga Compost. Tompkins County provides households a tool kit that includes a countertop kitchen caddy, a supply of compostable liners and a 6-gallon transport container.

Tompkins County, New York is utilizing Drop Spots to offer food scraps diversion to residents, an economic option enabling more household participation.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1 p.26

Patriot Place Steps Up To State Organics Ban Compliance
Pre and postconsumer food scraps, compostable bags and PLA cups, and milk cartons are accepted in the organics stream. Waste Management (WM) supplied 96-gallon totes with a yellow body and green lid for all organics (1, on right). Totes for single-stream recyclables have a green body and yellow lid (1, on left). WM hauls organics (totes ready to be tipped into truck (2)) to the Town of Needham (MA) composting site.

A 1.3 million-square-foot shopping, dining and entertainment destination located adjacent to Gillette Stadium, home of the New England Patriots, diverts food scraps to composting.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle January 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1 p.52

Composting Roundup
New York City’s (NYC) decommissioned newspaper boxes are being reimagined as receptacles for organic waste collection.

BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 12

University Ramps Up Food Scraps Diversion
Load of food scraps from SDSU at the Miramar Greenery composting site.

San Diego State University’s latest program expansion covers 20 new food providers and its entertainment and sports venues.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 28

Organics Diversion At Massachusetts Boarding School
Coffee stations switched to using compostable coffee “pouches” (top right) instead of plastic single-serve coffee pods. Significant waste reduction was achieved, as 30,000-plus cups of coffee are consumed on campus annually.

Deerfield Academy has taken a slow but steady approach to diverting food scraps, compostable paper and pizza boxes on its campus.
David Purington
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 39

Composting Roundup
Glenn Clark explains the food waste separation project to students in his Living Environment class at Parish-Hopkinton Central School in Parishville, New York.

BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 10

Evolving Into Food Scraps Composting
Food scraps are unloaded on a bed of horse manure to absorb liquids. Carbon is then added in the form of wood chips, leaves and/or additional manure and the materials are mixed with a front-end loader.

Connecticut composter transitions to solar-powered aerated static piles to expand composting capacity and improve process control.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 20

Organics Diversion In College Residence Halls
At the University of California Berkeley, students are given 2-gallon bins (left) to use in their rooms to collect food scraps. These are emptied into centralized bins in the dorms, which then are taken by custodial staff to an outdoor collection area (right).

Residential hall composting programs have been popping up at universities and colleges throughout the country to help reach campus-wide waste diversion goals.
Claire Siegrist
BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 29

Composting Roundup
Seeds coated in compost-derived microbial powder

BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 12

Food Scraps To Orchard Amendment At Philadelphia Prison Complex
People involved in PPS composting (left to right): Dexter Adams, Kuldip Singh, Laura Cassidy, Lt. Edward Bender, Officer Rick Orange, and Reginald McCorey

An aerated bay composting system processes postconsumer food scraps from two correctional facilities — providing vocational training for inmates and compost for the prison’s orchard.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 26

Flying High With Food Diversion
Once full, the food scraps dumpsters are towed to a 20 cubic yard compactor located at the airport’s central disposal area, where they are emptied (left), cleaned and returned to their locations (compactor ready for transport, right).

San Diego International Airport diverts an average of 6 tons/week of food scraps, and serves as a model for other airports.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 20

Composting Roundup
Grant Berman (left) and Miles Macero of Dirty Boys Composting

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 10

Compost Restores Prairie, Improves Golf Course Turf
Applying compost made from the base’s food scraps and wood chips on prairie plots and scattering the larval and nectar host seeds led to spectacular growth.

Joint Base Lewis-McChord is using compost made from preconsumer food scraps on the base to restore habitat for several endangered species. Compost research at the base’s golf course also holds promise. Part II
Ashley Blazina
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 29

Military Base Steps Up To The Net Zero Challenge
To make separation more convenient, foodservice employees can select bins that are most conducive to their particular stations. For example, a produce station uses a small round bucket atop the food bench.

Joint Base Lewis-McChord planted the seeds for net zero waste in the early 2000s. Food scraps collection from dining halls and a commissary is helping push the needle. Part I
Ashley Blazina
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 19

Zero Waste At Fort Drum
A “weigh and sort” done at one of Fort Drum’s dining facilities (above and below) estimated that the amount of food waste produced per meal was around 0.5 lbs/person.

The Fort Drum Army base in northern New York began collecting and composting preconsumer food scraps in Fall 2014.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 23

Sports Teams Build Food Recovery Awareness
Allstate Arena is advancing organics diversion, recycling and energy efficiency.

Growing numbers of professional sports teams and organizations are capturing edible food in their venues for donation, while continuing to divert food scraps to composting programs.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 34

Composting Roundup

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 12

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 16

Food Scraps Composting At County Yard Trimmings Site
Food scraps, some arriving in compostable bags (top photo), are unloaded onto a bed of mulch, then mixed in with a front-end loader.

Prince George’s County, Maryland began a food scraps composting pilot using a covered composting system, and is processing about 125 tons/month.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2015, Vol. 56, No. 4, p. 21

School District Rolls Out Food Waste Reduction
Composting of food scraps, green waste and tree trimmings is done on-site at Ramona High School in an Earth Tub unit. Student Eco-Leaders monitor the process, weighing and recording incoming feedstocks, taking temperatures and observing moisture levels.

Program servicing rural school district strengthens youth and the greater community’s understanding of the importance of food scrap diversion.
Rich Flammer
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 79

Growing A Food Scrap Composting Infrastructure In Illinois
Several composting facilities in Illinois have expanded to accept food scraps, such as St. Louis Composting’s operation in Belleville, Illinois.

Stakeholder forums, a survey of Illinois composters and extensive research by the Illinois Food Scrap Coalition have resulted in a comprehensive report that will guide increased diversion and processing capacity.
Jennifer Nelson, Jennifer Jarland and Stephanie Katsaros
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 52

Food Scraps Diversion Feasibility In A Small City
Figure 2. Commercial solid waste collection containers in Rolla

A 2014 study sought to answer the question: Can diversion and composting be done cost-effectively, with minimal fiscal impact on Rolla, Missouri’s businesses and residents?
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 67

San Diego Hotel Goes Big On Sustainability
All containers and carts are brought to a central food waste collection area where they are emptied into a 20-cy solar-powered compactor, which utilizes about 50 percent less energy than a standard compactor.

Hotel with over 1,000 guest rooms is diverting close to 400 tons annually of preconsumer food trimmings and postconsumer food scraps.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 30

Mountain Town Zeros In On Food Scraps Diversion
The tipping fee at the PCSWC for organics is $35/ton (compared with $52/ton for standard trash).

“SCRAPS”— a joint program between the City of Aspen and Pitkin County, Colorado — is an example of how motivation and collaboration can propel organics diversion within a municipality.
Nate Clark
BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 20

Composting Roundup

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 10

Anaerobic Digest
Bio-Bus: sewage and municipal waste powered

BioCycle February 2015, Vol. 56, No. 2, p. 13

Composter Brings On Residential Food Scraps Stream
The mass bed is turned a minimum of every 7 days with a Vermeer elevating face compost turner.

Eight months into processing curbside collected source separated organics from the City of Seattle, Lenz Enterprises’ strategy for contaminant removal is effective.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle December 2014, Vol. 55, No. 11, p. 20

Composting Roundup
University City District’s (Philadelphia) Dirt Factory

BioCycle October 2014, Vol. 55, No. 9, p. 11 Seattle, Washington: City Sets Organic Waste Fine To Meet Recycling Target Beginning next July 1, Seattle area households, apartment buildings and businesses that include more than 10 percent organic waste by volume in their bins or dumpsters will be fined, following the City Council’s unanimous vote

Volunteers, Master Composters At Core Of Organics Diversion
Cayuga Compost services the totes and composts the festival food scraps and compostable serviceware. Starting in 2015, the facility will not accept compostable utensils as they aren’t breaking down in its windrow system.

The Finger Lakes GrassRoots Festival draws about 20,000 people to the 4-day event. Compost Crew volunteers, many of them Master Composters, run the organics diversion program.
Claire Siegrist and Dori Chandler
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 83

Students Grow A Food Scraps Program
University of Arizona student members of Compost Cats work at the composting site located at the San Xavier Co-op Farm.

A student group at the University of Arizona, the City of Tucson and a Native American tribe joined forces to collect and compost source separated organics.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 36

City Residents Adapt To (And Like) Food Scraps Diversion
Outreach to residents includes a newsletter and a telephone hotline, as well as educational materials such as this poster.

Portland, Oregon switched to every other week trash collection with weekly recycling and organics service in 2011. Response to the initiative remains positive.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 33

Forging Paths For New York City’s Community Composters
Lower East Side Ecology Center’s original composting site at East River Park in 1998 (top and middle) and its largest recycling drop-off location at 6th Street and Avenue B (bottom).

Christine Datz-Romero of the Lower East Side Ecology Center became a New Yorker in 1980. A need for soil to beautify a recycling drop-off site in 1990 led to offering food scraps drop-off and composting. Part IV
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 34

Composting Roundup
CJ Kimbell and Ethan Bumps, Kimbell Compost, LLC, Burlington, Vermont

BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 12

Building Farm And Food Scrap Digesters
The new digester at Longview Farm in Hadley, Massachusetts has three receiving tanks for food waste. They are separated and stored based on their energy content.

A steady stream of anaerobic digestion facilities are coming on line, most equipped to process food waste. This first of a two-part series profiles several farm digesters. Part I
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 58

Worms Compost Food Scraps At Correctional Facility
Each worm bed is able to process 500 to 600 lbs of food scraps every 2 to 3 weeks. (4) The current estimate for the number of worms (in total) is over four million.

An innovative mid-scale vermiculture system helps a state prison in San Diego County, California, save over $100,000 annually.
Rich Flammer
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 34

Food Scraps Diversion Goes To School
Charleston County School District food waste diversion

Beginning with the youngest, more and more residents are learning to source separate organics in Charleston County, South Carolina.
Nate Clark
BioCycle May 2014, Vol. 55, No. 4, p. 21

Composting Roundup
Susannah Castle, Blue Earth Compost

BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 16

Rolling Out A Statewide Organics Ban
The largest generators of food scraps (>104 tons/year) must start separating them on July 1, 2014 if there is a permitted composting facility within 20 miles to receive them. Green Mountain Compost in Williston, Vermont, a municipally-funded operation, is permitted to take food scraps.

Vermont’s Act 148 makes state first in the nation to mandate residential food scraps recycling and pay-as-you-throw solid waste collection to incentivize diversion.
Robert Spencer
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 82

Entrepreneurs See Opportunity In Food Scraps Collection
Ty Schmidt (middle), with sons Carter (left) and Jameson (right), work together to collect food scraps from their customers. Carter’s Compost employs the services of Jameson and three other kids in Traverse City to “sling buckets” and assist their neighbors in diverting food scraps from disposal. Photo by Beth Price

Interviews with four small-scale collection services offer insights into innovative residential and commercial food scraps diversion.
Nate Clark
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 71

Greenmarkets Facilitate Food Scraps Diversion In NYC
New York City residents have an opportunity to recycle food scraps at weekly Greenmarkets. Currently, 35 of the 54 Greenmarkets have drop-off sites.

A range of collaborative programs involving city agencies and community composters has helped increase the diversion of household food scraps.
Part II
Nora Goldstein

Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps!
Found: Composters Taking Food Scraps

Update to BioCycle’s online directory,, finds 93.5 percent increase in facilities that can accept food scraps in the United States. Aaron Krossovitch, Stephanie Katsaros and Nora Goldstein BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 24 In April 2007, BioCycle launched, a publicly searchable database of composting facilities in the United States and

BioCycle World

BioCycle November 2013, Vol. 54, No. 11, p. 6
• BioCycle is accepting abstracts for BIOCYCLE REFOR14 WEST
• US Department Of Energy “Spooktastic” Infographic
• Food Scraps Collection At NYC Greenmarket Hits 2 Million Pounds
• Big Bear MRF Dedication
• American Biogas Council 2013 Awards

Composting Roundup
Gore® Cover at Florence, Oregon Wastewater Treatment Plant's composting facility

BioCycle April 2013, Vol. 54, No. 4, p. 12

Food Recovery In San Diego
With 14.8 percent of the San Diego region in the food insecure individuals category, increasing food donation is an integral part of the city’s organics program.

Source reduction, diverting for reuse and composting are the best combined practices for food scraps management. This article highlights food donation potential in the City of San Diego.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 33

BioCycle World
USCC International Compost Awareness Week poster contest winner.

BioCycle February 2013, Vol. 54, No. 2, p. 6

Food Scraps Composting Laboratory
Food scraps are collected in 10-gallon buckets from the dining areas.

Kean University in New Jersey installed a rotary drum composter to process pre and postconsumer food waste from campus dining facilities.
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 33
Nora Goldstein

Trimming Costs With Composting
All produce, bakery products, deli meats and salads, floral products and coffee grounds and filters are accepted for composting. Until last fall, meat and seafood also were diverted, but now a renderer services the stores at no charge.

Weis Markets, a regional supermarket chain based in Pennsylvania, is bringing a total of 50 stores onto its food scraps composting program in 2013.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2013, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 22

Hospital Chain On Board With Food Scraps Diversion
Sharp Health Care's clean food waste arrives at Miramar Greenery compost site.

Since March 2012, two Sharp Health Care facilities in San Diego have been sending an average of 3.5 tons/week of clean food waste to the city’s composting facility.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle December 2012, Vol. 53, No. 12, p. 22

On-Site Composting At Urban Market
The market has three Earth Tub on-site composting units. It takes three weeks to fill up one tub, and three to four weeks for the material to degrade. Compost is used for landscaping at the market.

Michelle Balz
BioCycle September 2012, Vol. 53, No. 9, p. 22
Vendors generate almost 40 tons/year of food scraps, which are now composted on site with shredded wax corrugated and wood chips.

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Growing A Compost Company
Grow Compost bagged compost retail product

What began as a search for compost evolved into an enterprise processing food scraps, dairy and horse manure, coffee chaff and wood chips.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle May 2012, Vol. 53, No. 5, p. 18

Food Scraps Recovery In Ohio

State agencies convened stakeholders in 2007 to advance Ohio’s recovery of food waste. Almost five years later, collection and processing options abound.

Joe Goicochea and Angel Arroyo-Rodriguez
BioCycle February 2012, Vol. 53, No. 2, p. 22