Wasted Food Reduction Opportunities
Vanderbilt University, Nashville

Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation found most food recovery and organics recycling activities are performed by small businesses, nonprofits, and churches and targets assistance to those entities. Part II
Alle Crampton
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 37

Residential Organics Diversion In Toronto
Source separated organics collection is available to 65 percent of Toronto’s multifamily residential buildings.

Almost 160,000 tons of source separated organics were collected for anaerobic digestion and/or composting in 2016. About 78% came from households.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 24

Florida Organics Recycler Expands Exponentially
Sarasota-based 1 Stop Landscape Supply & Yard Waste Recycling Facility processes about 70,000 tons/year of yard trimmings, land clearing debris and pallets.

Acquisition of a 10-acre yard trimmings operation in 2004 laid the groundwork for a 100-acre facility that manufactures compost, mulch, soil blends and recycled concrete products.
Niki Vala and Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 28

Composting Roundup
Circle Compost's collection and composting

BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 11

Not Waiting For The Tweets: Sports Already Lead The Way In Sustainability
Green Sports Alliance

Green Sports Alliance calls on sports fans to take Live Green or Die™ Challenge

BioCycle World
University of Toledo "Greenbox"

BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 6
Women In Waste And Recycling, Business Case For Food Waste Reduction, Compendium Of Disposal Bans And Mandatory Recycling Laws, Food Waste Kiosk Update, $22 Million Net Benefit Opportunity In New York State, Composting And Recycling In Denver, Opportunities For Food Waste Reduction In 2018 Farm Bill, Organics Recycling At LAX

Organics Recycling Lands At Major Airports
SEA-TAC International Airport, servicing Seattle, accepts pre and postconsumer food waste from concessionaires and at public kiosks (above) in concourse food courts.

Where local infrastructure exists, systems are being put in place to make composting an easy addition
to waste diversion programs.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 23

Selling Your Sustainability Story
Magic Dirt™

What looks like peat, acts like peat but isn’t peat? That’s the sustainability story behind Magic Dirt™, made from anaerobically digested dairy manure fibers.
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 31

Deep Dive Into Feedstock Management
Compost Feedstocks: Yard trimmings, Agricultural residuals, Wood waste, Manures, Food scraps, Biosolids

First article in 5-part series discusses issues related to feedstock acceptance and management, and reviews main categories of compostable, digestible and edible organics. Part I
Rich Flammer
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 24

Big Apple Goes Big On Organics Recycling
NYC Compost Project community composting programs are implemented by DSNY-funded teams at seven host organizations, including Big Reuse in the borough of Queens (seen here).

New York City’s Sanitation Department is making headway in its commitment to expand organics collection to serve all New York City residents by the end of 2018.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 38

Los Angeles County WRRF Embraces Codigestion
Waste Management has been using its patented CORe® processing system (left) to supply the JWPCP with an “engineered” slurry (right) produced from food waste.

Technology to produce food waste slurry key to project implementation — and helps generators comply with California organics recycling mandates.
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 53

Breaking News: Composting Collaborative Launch, Nov. 17, 2016

Composting Collaborative was officially launched on November 17 in Washington, D.C. The Collaborative was created by GreenBlue, in partnership with BioCycle and the US Composting Council, to drive sustainable materials management of organics and all compostables.

Sampling Plans For Organics Recycling Facilities
Figure 1. Representative sampling points in a compost windrow. Samples should be taken at several points along the axis, and at various depths of the windrow.

Understanding what you’re sampling for at composting and anaerobic digestion facilities dictates sampling procedures.
Craig Coker
BioCycle November 2016, Vol. 57, No. 10, p. 21

BioCycle World

BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 6

Green Infrastructure, Edible Garden And Composting Showcase
The Outdoor Classroom provides a hands-on learning environment for residents of Farragut — and showcases green infrastructure, composting and growing produce to donate to local pantries.

Farragut, Tennessee’s Outdoor Classroom, located along the town’s greenway, closes the organics recycling to “food for people” loop.
Alle Crampton
BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 22

Seattle City Council Bans Greenwashing Of Noncompostable Bags

On Oct. 3, the Seattle City Council voted unanimously to pass an ordinance that bans use of misleading green- and brown-tined noncompostable plastic bags.

Organics Recycling In North Carolina
Figure 5. Outlets for food diverted from landfill, 2015

A recent study by state agency analyzed organic materials recycled since 2011, as well as food waste recovered in 2015. Findings show substantial organics recycling capacity.
Jorge Montezuma
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 36

Separation “Code & Switch” In Contaminant Removal
Depackaging commingled food scraps — density is code and force can act as switch to separate packaging.

Understanding material properties and separation techniques is key to efficient contaminant management at organics recycling facilities.
Craig Coker
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 53

BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2016

BioCycle’s Equipment and Systems Directory 2016 — a guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries — is available online exclusively.

BioCycle World
Nora Goldstein and Dr. Rufus Chaney

BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 8

BioCycle World

BioCycle February 2016, Vol. 57, No. 2, p. 6

Weighting Factors In Organics Recycling Facility Development
Agromin's Chino, California organics recycling facility.

Noneconomic factors of importance include proven performance at an appropriate scale, and environmental and socioeconomic impacts. In Part I, net present value factors were reviewed. Part II

Franciosi Named USCC Executive Director
Frank Franciosi, Executive Director, US Composting Council

The US Composting Council (USCC) Board of Directors is pleased to announce the appointment of Frank Franciosi, a composting industry leader and business executive, to the leadership position of Executive Director of the USCC and its sister foundation, the Composting Council Research and Education Foundation.

Economic Tool To Evaluate Organics Recycling Options
Existing vegetative composting site at NCSU

Alternatives can be compared and evaluated on the basis of Net Present Value — a method of predicting future cash flows (in and out) in today’s dollars. Part I
Craig Coker
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 24

University Ramps Up Food Scraps Diversion
Load of food scraps from SDSU at the Miramar Greenery composting site.

San Diego State University’s latest program expansion covers 20 new food providers and its entertainment and sports venues.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 28

Edible, Nonedible Food Exchange
San Diego’s landfill composition

Environmental center’s Food Cycle SD creates an exchange to “upcycle” surplus food to people, animals and as necessary, organics recycling.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 30

Organics Diversion At Massachusetts Boarding School
Coffee stations switched to using compostable coffee “pouches” (top right) instead of plastic single-serve coffee pods. Significant waste reduction was achieved, as 30,000-plus cups of coffee are consumed on campus annually.

Deerfield Academy has taken a slow but steady approach to diverting food scraps, compostable paper and pizza boxes on its campus.
David Purington
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 39

BioCycle World

BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Glenn Clark explains the food waste separation project to students in his Living Environment class at Parish-Hopkinton Central School in Parishville, New York.

BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 10

Organics Diversion In College Residence Halls
At the University of California Berkeley, students are given 2-gallon bins (left) to use in their rooms to collect food scraps. These are emptied into centralized bins in the dorms, which then are taken by custodial staff to an outdoor collection area (right).

Residential hall composting programs have been popping up at universities and colleges throughout the country to help reach campus-wide waste diversion goals.
Claire Siegrist
BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 29

Cover Article: BioCycle September, 2015

Conference Preview highlights presentations to be given at BioCycle REFOR15, October 19-22, Danvers, MA. Digesters in Pickett, WI (top) and Milwaukee, WI (bottom) are on cover. Photos courtesy of Wisconsin State Energy Office

Composting Roundup
Seeds coated in compost-derived microbial powder

BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 12

Doubling Residential Organics Diversion With Pay-As-You-Throw
Brattleboro’s Pay-As-You-Throw program offers a yellow 13-gallon bag for $2 and a 33-gallon purple bag for $3.

A mandate in Vermont that requires variable rate pricing for residential solid waste collection and disposal went into effect on July 1. So far, it’s benefitted food waste recycling.
Robert Spencer
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 42

Flying High With Food Diversion
Once full, the food scraps dumpsters are towed to a 20 cubic yard compactor located at the airport’s central disposal area, where they are emptied (left), cleaned and returned to their locations (compactor ready for transport, right).

San Diego International Airport diverts an average of 6 tons/week of food scraps, and serves as a model for other airports.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 20

Pioneering An Organics Disposal Ban
In response to the Province of Nova Scotia’s ban on disposal of compostable organic materials in 1997, almost all municipalities launched 3-stream curbside collection programs.

The Canadian province of Nova Scotia banned landfill disposal of all compostables in 1997. Almost 20 years later, BioCycle checks in on organics diversion progress.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 23

Evaluating On-Site Organics Management Options
Options evaluated include storage (1) for transportation off-site, and aerobic in-vessel systems (2, 3) that create a ready-to-cure material or, in some cases, a ready-to-use soil amendment that can be applied on-site.

A 2015 organics disposal ban in the Metro Vancouver Region of British Columbia, led to creation of a guide for businesses and institutions considering managing their organics on-site.
Terry Fulton and Veronica Baker
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 26

Ontario Composter Expands With Digestate Processing
Digestate is mixed with carbon sources using an Ecoverse DW 3080 stationary shredder/blender in the enclosed receiving hall at the composting facility.

All Treat Farms composts digestate from the anaerobic digester servicing the City of Toronto’s residential organics collection program.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 32

Fueling Fleets With Renewable Natural Gas
Figure 1. Carbon intensity of various fuels

Renewable natural gas — which is cost-competitive with diesel fuel and carbon neutral — is the next game-changer in vehicle fueling.
Stephanie Thorson
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 36

How To Be A Good Composting Neighbor
Compost is screened to three-eighth-inch minus, and marketed in bulk locally.

Vancouver Island composting facility processes about 6,000 tons/year of wild and farmed salmon waste only a mile away from a popular golf course and high density retirement community.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2015, Vol. 56, No. 7, p. 38

BioCycle World

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Grant Berman (left) and Miles Macero of Dirty Boys Composting

BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 10

Controlling Contamination In Collected Organics
Physical contaminants of most concern to composters are the Big Three: Plastics, glass and produce stickers (above).

The Washington Department of Ecology, local governments and composters are working together to identify reasons behind increasing amounts of physical contamination and ways to reduce it.
Mary Harrington
BioCycle July 2015, Vol. 56, No. 6, p. 22

BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2015

Updated Listings. Online — BioCycle.net
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 32

Organics Recycling In Maryland
The Maryland Department of the Environment notes that the recycling rate for yard trimmings was 70.9 percent in 2012, while the recycling rate for food waste was about 8.5 percent. Veteran Compost (facility above) in Aberdeen, Maryland composts food waste with ground wood.

Composting rule revision, utilization of compost by the Maryland State Highway Administration and consideration of food waste disposal ban are among recent developments.
Lori Scozzafava
BioCycle June 2015, Vol. 56, No. 5, p. 28

Composting Roundup
For feedstock, Community Compost is already collecting food scraps from between 15 and 20 residential customers and 10 businesses in New Paltz, and 40 to 50 residential customers in Hoboken.

BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3. p. 16

Growing A Food Scrap Composting Infrastructure In Illinois
Several composting facilities in Illinois have expanded to accept food scraps, such as St. Louis Composting’s operation in Belleville, Illinois.

Stakeholder forums, a survey of Illinois composters and extensive research by the Illinois Food Scrap Coalition have resulted in a comprehensive report that will guide increased diversion and processing capacity.
Jennifer Nelson, Jennifer Jarland and Stephanie Katsaros
BioCycle March/April 2015, Vol. 56, No. 3, p. 52

Requests For Proposals: City of Phoenix & Anne Arundel County, MD
City of Phoenix, Anne Arundel County

• Business Opportunities With City of Phoenix — CFI and RFP Released
• Maryland County Requests Of Interest

Source Separated Organics In Large New York City Apartment Buildings
Residents, managers and workers who are spearheading the process of apartment building-level SSO say they don’t really know what happens to the materials they are diverting.

Research at buildings with 10 or more units that are part of NYC’s curbside SSO pilot identifies five themes that have implications for the program’s near-term future.
Samantha MacBride
BioCycle January 2015, Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 67

Composting Roundup
Athens, Greece organics collection pilots

BioCycle December 2014, Vol. 55, No. 11, p. 12

BioCycle Live: Opening Plenary Session, BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014

Unedited video from opening plenary session of BioCycle East Coast Conference, October 28, 2014.

BioCycle World
BioCycle West Coast Conference 2015

BioCycle October 2014, Vol. 55, No. 9, p. 6

Advancing Organics Recycling On The East Coast
Demo plots have been installed on the Turf Valley Country Club grounds (adjacent to Conference hotel) to compare standard treatment for turf establishment to “suburban subsoiling” via decompaction and compost amendment. Inset image features core sample of soil prior to treatment.

Meeting demand for organics processing infrastructure, building climate-resilient communities and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay watershed are hot topics for discussion at BioCycle East Coast Conference 2014.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 28

BioCycle World
Filtrexx's Student Design Competition at the 14th Annual Meeting of the American Ecological Engineering Society.

BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 8

Composting Roundup
Real Food Farm, in Baltimore, supports a community composting program by accepting food scraps and yard trimmings from residents.

BioCycle September 2014, Vol. 55, No. 8, p. 14

Organics Recycling Facility Siting
Most composting and AD facilities fall under a Conditional Use Permit, a Special Exception that has to be approved by a governing body.

Approvals from local planning and zoning officials can be a challenging first step. This article explains the process related to siting composting and anaerobic digestion facilities.
Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 2

Composting Roundup

BioCycle August 2014, Vol. 55, No. 7, p. 12

Adding SSO To Yard Trimmings Composting Operations
Figure 1. Contact water monitoring system

The first phase of research at a Minnesota composting site suggests that environmental risk to groundwater is relatively low from addition of source separated organics. Part I
Ginny Black and Marcus Zbinden
BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 41

Composting Roundup
Lehigh University students GR2OW project (Green Resource Recovery of Waste)

BioCycle July 2014, Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 13

Editorial: Use Us!
Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle

Nora Goldstein
BioCycle June 2014, Vol. 55, No. 5, p. 4

Deadline Extended For CalRecycle’s Greenhouse Gas Reduction Organics Grant Program

Applicants have an additional 4 weeks …

White Castle Doubles Food Scraps Diversion Rate From Columbus-Area Stores
White Castle food composting

On Earth Day 2014, White Castle announced that in the last year, they have expanded food scraps diversion programs to 16 Columbus, Ohio-area restaurants and plants in Vandalia and Cincinnati, Ohio, doubling their diversion rate to almost 10 tons of food scraps per month.

Why California Is Bullish On Organics Recycling
Caroll Mortensen, Director, California Department of Resources Recycling and Reocvery (CalRecycle)

In a question-and-answer session, Caroll Mortensen, Director of the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle), highlights accomplishments and discusses next steps to advance organics management.
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 29

Aerobic Composting And Anaerobic Digestion
Figure 2. Aerobic and anaerobic conditions (Image courtesy of U.S. Composting Council)

Both processes manage decomposition, carried out by biological organisms transforming the materials through chemical reactions. There are pros and cons to each process, and they can be used in series to enhance the value proposition of recycling organic materials.
Craig Coker
BioCycle March/April 2014, Vol. 55, No. 3, p. 32

California City Advances Commercial Organics Recycling
Seven grocery stores are participating in Cupertino’s Food Recovery Challenge (example of container above). A total of 2,000 tons of food waste has been diverted.

City of Cupertino receives U.S. EPA Innovation Award for integrating its ambitious food waste reduction goals with its waste hauler.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle January 2014, Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 36

Home Run For Organics Recycling
Sports Venue Greening Special Report

The Pittsburgh Pirates have been diverting food waste from all areas of PNC Park to composting since 2009. The Boston Red Sox initiated a program in 2011, starting with restaurants in Fenway Park.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2013, Vol. 54, No. 7, p. 27

Vermont Districts Closing Loop On Food Waste Diversion
After unloading at Kingdom View Compost, food waste is mixed with wood chips, cow manure and silage and gradually rolled into a 3-sided cement receiving bay. Material remains there for 3 weeks to jumpstart the composting process.

Highfields Center for Composting, the Northeast Kingdom Solid Waste Management District, Kingdom View Compost and Wise Worm Compost are collaborating to service food waste generators.
Nate Clark
BioCycle July 2013, Vol. 54, No. 7, p. 38

Public Agencies Refine Grinding Strategies
Allentown (PA) has been using a Vermeer tub grinder to manage the tons of storm debris left by Superstorm Sandy and a freak Halloween snowstorm the previous year.

From managing mountains of storm debris to fine-tuning mulch products, several public agencies share lessons learned.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle April 2013, Vol. 54, No. 4, p. 28

Next Frontier Of Organics Recycling In California
The Clean World anaerobic digester installation at the South Area Transfer Station in Sacramento is designed to process 100 tons/day of source separated organics.

To achieve its 75 percent goal, CalRecycle estimates California will need to move about
22 million more tons of organics and other recyclables from disposal to recycling annually.
Caroll Mortensen
BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 29

BioCycle World
BioCycle World

BioCycle March 2013, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 6

London Strives For Zero Waste Summer Olympics 2012
The color-coding was also utilized on the packaging and service ware — as shown above in the top symbol on the McDonald’s cups and container — to match with the proper receptacle, in this case, orange for composting.

Compostable packaging and existing process infrastructure help UK make good on its promise to leave a sustainable legacy.
Dan Sullivan
BioCycle September 2012, Vol. 53, No. 9, p. 32

BioCycle World

BioCycle September 2012, Vol. 53, No. 9, p. 6

California School Districts Recycle Organics On A Large-Scale

City of Bakersfield implements collection and composting system at its 53 schools to handle all types of food packaging in order to get at the “leftovers.”
Kevin Barnes
BioCycle July 2012, Vol. 53, No. 7, p. 18

Serving Up Sustainable Food Service Options
Sodexo elliminates food waste

BioCycle April 2012, Vol. 53, No. 4, p. 32
As a growing number of clients seek to become more environmentally friendly, purveyors of dining services compete to meet their needs.

Urban Farming Grows In Oakland
Urban farm in Oakland: City Slicker Farms in Fitzgerald Park

Making soils productive via organics recycling is a cornerstone of meeting this California city’s goal to get 30 percent of its food from within the immediate region.

Paul Hagey
BioCycle March 2012, Vol. 53, No. 3, p. 23