Compostable Resins Company Celebrates 30th Year

Novamont, based in Novara, Italy, is celebrating its 30th anniversary. The bioplastics company, which creates biochemicals and bioproducts, focuses on the integration of chemistry, agriculture and the environment.

Editorial: Pandemic-Induced Organics Recycling
Nora Goldstein, BioCycle Editor

We hope that everyone is staying healthy during this ongoing COVID 19 pandemic. Business as usual is anything but usual, as all of you are likely experiencing as well.
Nora Goldstein

Connections: Why Regenerative Agriculture Needs Recycled Organics
Sally Brown

The importance of recycled organics in regenerative agriculture needs to be understood, not only by the municipalities that manage the feedstocks, but also by climate strategists and most importantly, state and federal agencies. Part VII
Sally Brown

How Much Do Organics Recycling Businesses Contribute To Australia’s Economy?

A new report commissioned by the Australian Organics Recycling Association finds 7.5 million metric tons of organics recycled, putting more than $2 billion into the country’s economy.

Commentary: Composting Is Path Forward In Post Corona World
Jeremy Brosowsky

It’s good for the environment and empowers us to live our values. And it’s the composting mindset that will get us through the pandemic.
Jeremy Brosowsky

Connections: What’s Cooking?
Sally Brown

Finding the ingredients to make a potting mix that plants will love from Class A digested biosolids entails trying a range of recipes, sniff tests and parameter measuring.
Sally Brown

California’s SB 1383 Compost And Mulch Procurement Factsheets

The regulations for California Senate Bill 1383 (SB 1383), the Short-Lived Climate Pollutants Reduction Act, are in the final public comment period, established to review “nonsubstantive” changes that do not impact the scope of the regulations.

Market Opportunities For Biosolids

A new study, “North American Biosolids Management Market, Forecast to 2024,” examines growth opportunities for biosolids products.

Connections: Too Much Nitrogen To Eat
Sally Brown

We’ve gone from famine to feast when it comes to nutrients to help plants grow. One example is nitrogen. Here’s a climate-smart strategy to wean off synthetic N by using the N in recycled organics.
Sally Brown

Lessons In Community Composting: Business Focus And Structure
Common Ground Compost (top) and Reclaimed Organics (bottom)

Determining focus generally starts by seeing a need in the community and wanting to provide a solution. The structure supports your overall mission and enables it to scale over time. Plus a COVID-19 update. Part II
Molly Lindsay

Connections: Irrigation + Compost Math
Sally Brown

How much does adding compost to production agriculture soils reduce irrigation needs? Let’s do the math. Part V.2
Sally Brown

Many Ways To Celebrate Compost In 2020
ICAW Poster 2020

Environmental and recycling businesses, organizations, community groups and individuals around the U.S. are making plans to celebrate the annual International Compost Awareness Week (ICAW), May 3-9, 2020.

Connections: Why Compost Is Cheapest Irrigation System
Sally Brown

The bottom line is more organic matter means that the soil holds more water. Part V.1
Sally Brown

Seattle’s Winning Strategy For Managing Organics
Seattle's three collection bins

When programs, garbage collection fees, or regulations cause households to move organics out of the garbage cart and into the organics cart, costs for managing MSW go down.
Jeffrey Morris

Book Review: “The Waste Between Our Ears”
The Waste Between Our Ears

In times of rising heat, fire and rising waters, this new book by Gerry Gillespie presents recycling and composting as the means to achieve a zero waste economy.
Neil Seldman

Readers Respond: COVID-19 And Organics Recycling
BioCycle readers

The BioCycle Community replies to Sally Brown

Letter To The BioCycle Community: COVID-19 And Organics Recycling

Our existing knowledge of the behavior of coronaviruses in the environment can be applied to the current outbreak.
Sally Brown

Composting Business Management: Composter Tool For Triple Bottom Line Assessment
Compost Business Management

TBL is a nonfinancial analytical tool that uses economic, environmental and social criteria to answer the question: “Is this a good long-term investment?” Part V
Craig Coker

Modify, Don’t Rescind Bag Bans
Seattle accepted bags

The City of Seattle, Washington has had ordinances restricting use of plastic bags and food service packaging for many years. In a notification to parties required to comply with the rules, Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) acknowledges that the COVID-19 crisis is impacting grocery and other food service retailer operations and may temporarily affect compliance with requirements.

BPI, AgSTAR Announcements

The Biodegradable Products Institute’s (BPI) Stakeholder Members are entities with an interest in BPI’s mission and the broader effort to keep organics out of landfills, but who don’t currently certify materials, products or packaging.

Organic On The Front Line Of California’s Climate Resilience
Figure 1. Organics builds healthy communities from the soil up to the economy.

Fundamentally, organic farming practices, including use of compost, build healthy soils that store carbon and water — and yield food that builds healthy people.
Nora Goldstein

Composting Business Management: Net Present Value Of Composting Expenditures
Compost Business Management

Steps to compare costs when evaluating alternatives for significant expenditures such as site development or an equipment purchase. Part IV
Craig Coker

COVID-19 Resources For Organics Recycling Operations

Ireland’s Cré, the Mid-Atlantic Biosolids Association (MABA), and the US Composting Council (USCC) provided their members with links to valuable guidance for managers and employees of composting and anaerobic digestion facilities, wastewater treatment plants, and biosolids recycling programs. We’ve compiled them for easy access.

ISWA Global Assessment Of Municipal Organics
Estimated quantities of MSW produced per capita per day and the contribution of mega cities

The International Solid Waste Association’s Working Group on the Biological Treatment of Waste (WGBTW) released the Global Assessment Of Municipal Organic Waste Production And Recycling in mid-March, authored by Marco Ricci-Jürgensen, Jane Gilbert and Aditi Ramola. The report summarizes global estimates of the amount of organic solid wastes produced — principally from municipal origin — and separately collected (source segregated) and treated through a composting and/or anaerobic digestion process.

Composting Business Management: Composting Facility Operating Cost Estimates
Compost Business Management

Composting is essentially a materials handling exercise. It takes a certain amount of time, at a certain cost, to perform each task in the compost manufacturing process. Part III
Craig Coker

Urban Compost Math — Calculating Carbon Offsets
King County existing program, -0.52 tons of CO2 per dry ton biosolids

Research study modeled likely rates of carbon sequestration for urban uses of compost. Applications included growing lawns, trees, urban agriculture and for use alongside urban roadways.
Sally Brown

NYC City Council To Consider Mandatory Organics Recycling
NYC Availability of residential curbside organics collection, as of March 2020

The New York City Council issued a policy paper this month, “Securing Our Future: Strategies for NYC in the Fight Against Climate Change,” that focuses on four key areas: Resiliency; Energy and Emissions; Sustainable, Circular Economy; and Green Jobs Pipeline.

PFAS At Minnesota Composting Sites
PFAS At Minnesota Composting Sites

State releases findings of contact water testing at source separated organics and yard trimmings only composting sites.

Composting Business Management: Capital Cost Of Composting Facility Construction
Composting pad construction

Main categories include site development, and equipment for processing and process monitoring. Part II
Craig Coker

Biogas, Compost In Proposed Ag Resilience Act
Congresswoman Chellie Pingree (D-Maine)

On Feb. 26, 2020, Congresswoman Chellie Pingree (D-Maine) introduced the Agriculture Resilience Act (ARA), comprehensive legislation that sets a vision of reaching net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in U.S. agriculture by the year 2040.

Composting Business Management: Revenue Forecasts For Composters

Article series provides business tools to evaluate financial and nonfinancial factors related to starting, managing and growing composting facilities. Part I
Craig Coker

Connections: Compost — When You Can’t Decay In Place
Sally Brown

Adding recycled organics to soils lets them work in overdrive — enabling them to accomplish the tasks set out for soils in the Drawdown list. Part III
Sally Brown

Composting Foundation’s Research Scholarships Available

The Composting Council Research & Education Foundation (CCREF) is offering scholarships to undergraduate through PhD students studying at a college or university in the U.S. interested in doing compost-related research projects.

EPA Releases PFAS Action Plan
The three primary phases of the RD 4 process

The U.S. EPA has taken several steps to implement its PFAS Action Plan aimed at protecting drinking water.

Connections: Compost And Methane Avoidance
Sally Brown

How compost earned its #60 ranking in Drawdown. Part II
Sally Brown

26 Years Of Compost Week In Canada
2020 Poster

Compost Week got its start in 1995 in part when the Compost Council of Canada (CCC) turned the popularity of a great image that became a sweatshirt as speakers’ gifts at a workshop into “COMPOST AWARENESS WEEK”, recalls Susan Antler, Executive Director of CCC.

School Waste Characterization Study
South Carolina School Food Waste

To get a more concrete idea about solid waste composition at the schools, the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) characterized the solid waste generated throughout one day at 6 public schools in the state.

Connections: Can Compost Draw Down Carbon?
Sally Brown

Series examines all the ways compost reduces CO2 in the atmosphere. Part I
Sally Brown

Design Plans For Low Cost Rotary Drum

A low-tech rotary drum composting unit to compost food waste is in use at several schools. The design is free to download.
Bob Spencer

Veteran Compost Hits 10-Year Milestone

Compost manufacturer collects commercial and residential food waste in the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. metro areas.
Nora Goldstein

Ann Arbor Keeps Residents Informed About PFAS
City of Ann Arbor PFAS Fact Sheet

The City of Ann Arbor, Michigan’s Compost Facility PFAS Fact Sheet — “Keeping Our Customers Informed About PFAS” — includes frequently asked questions about PFAS in compost.

Composting Roundup

• CompostNow Raises $2 Million
• Rolling Out Residential Collection In Wisconsin

Equipment News
BDP agitator (left) installed at the Bennington WWTP, which turns material as it moves down the composting bays (right).

• Agitated Bay Biosolids Facility Back On Line

Financing Composting Infrastructure
Food waste and yard trimmings are composted Greenville County's Twin Chimneys facility, Atlas's first composting operation.

South Carolina-based Atlas Organics, Inc. has funded its early and growth stages with venture/private equity capital investments.
Nora Goldstein

Composting Roundup
Kesiah Brascom, OffBeet Compost

• Cafeteria To Composting In Massachusetts Schools
• New Composting Infrastructure In Pennsylvania
• University To Compost Food Waste In 2020

Paying For PFAS Clean Up
Ned Beecher

Ned Beecher, Special Projects Manager at the North East Biosolids & Residuals Association (, has spent the bulk of the past several years in the land of PFAS, educating the organics recycling community, regulators, and many others about these complex and pervasive compounds.

Top 10 Composting Trends In 2020

Organics disposal bans and tackling contamination are among the leading trends, nationally and regionally.
Nora Goldstein & Craig Coker

Connections: Compost + Cannabis
Sally Brown

While indoor growing may be done in the blindingly bright light, the industry as a whole is just coming out from the shadows. As an industry, composters can work with cannabis growers to reduce their environmental footprint and even improve product quality.
Sally Brown

Composting Roundup
Compost for carbon sequestration

• Applying Compost For Carbon Sequestration
• Collecting, Composting Food Waste On Martha’s Vineyard
• 2019 USCC Awardees
• Persistent Herbicide Use Is Persisting

Composting And Anaerobic Digestion Infrastructure Investment Insights
Atlas truck

Infrastructure news in December 2019 highlights organics recycling opportunities.
BioCycle December 2019

Commentary: Compostable Products Have A Role
Compostable products

The reason that “Recycle” is one of the 3 R’s is that single-use packaging cannot be eliminated overnight. Recycling can be part of the broader solution, so long as we are actually keeping the material out of landfills and the environment, and getting it authentically recycled or composted.
BioCycle December 2019

Composting Roundup
Carbon sequestration testing

BioCycle November/December 2019

Is Your Yard Trimmings Composting Site Food Waste Ready?
food waste, yard trimmings composting site

A new Community Toolkit walks municipal officials and facility operators through a series of considerations to determine if introducing food waste streams is a good fit.
Nora Goldstein and Coryanne Mansell
BioCycle November/December 2019

Compost And Plant Disease Suppression
Magnification of pathogenic Rhizoctonia solani isolated from soil on an organic vegetable farm in Vermont.

A microbial, community ecology approach to design compost amendments creates more reliable and resilient methods to suppress globally distributed soilborne pathogens.
Deborah A. Neher
BioCycle November/December 2019

Comparison Of Compost Laboratory Results
Electrical conductivity measures all soluble nutrients in compost using a meter like the one shown above. The analysis does not differentiate between salts that are beneficial to soil health, and those that have negative impacts.

Identical samples of two composts were sent to 6 labs for testing and analysis. Results highlight differences between using the national TMECC standards versus other test methods.
Charles Duprey
BioCycle November/December 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers Finale: Biowaste Composting Trailblazers in Germany And Austria
BioCycle Trailblazers

Source separated organics collection and composting in Europe, and establishing standards for compost, were pioneered by these BioCycle Trailblazers.
Johannes Biala
BioCycle November/December 2019

Composting Roundup
The Baltimore Compost Collective employs and mentors disadvantaged Baltimore youth.

BioCycle September/October 2019

Innovating To Reduce Phosphorus Impacts
After 15 days of composting under negative aeration, separated dairy manure solids were put in a drying zone (to release steam and drive off moisture) under positive aeration with heated air.

Two companies are demonstrating the integration of composting and filtration technologies for the Vermont Phosphorus Innovation Challenge.
Brian Jerose
BioCycle September/October 2019

Composting In Brazil
The Tera Ambiental Ltda. facility (Jundiai, State of São Paulo, Brazil), which uses both turned windrows and aerated static piles, features a composting capacity of 90,000 tons/years.

Composting agro-industrial residuals — from livestock manure to sugarcane sludges — is on the rise, with compost utilized for agricultural production.
M.J. L. Beltrame, K. Goldschmidt Beltrame and F. Carvalho Oliveira
BioCycle September/October 2019

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Australia
Peter Wadewitz

BioCycle August 2019

Composting Roundup
Compost from Windham Solid Waste District's (Brattleboro, Vermont) is being used on this industrial hemp in Massachusetts.

BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers

In BioCycle’s 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition (July 2019), you met Trailblazers in the U.S. and Canada. We continue our tributes to BioCycle Trailblazers, both in the U.S. and internationally. More installments are anticipated before the end of our 60th year.
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Mary Appelhof, Earthworm Educator
Mary Appelhof

BioCycle August 2019

Closed Loop Composting System In Wyoming
Haderlie Farms supplies area food establishments with produce. It started out taking back food scraps to feed its pigs, but then expanded to start WyoFarm, a commercial composting operation.

Signal Mountain Lodge partnership with farm results in a closed loop for food waste composting in the Grand Tetons.
Ana Carvalho
BioCycle August 2019

Front Of House Organics Collection
Waste audits (right) were conducted at a variety of food service establishments to determine capture rates, diversion rates and contamination rates for trash, recycling, and composting bins. Having simple, customized and visually-based signs (left) placed on collection bins all grouped together was recommended at all establishments.

Food scraps and napkins made up at least 57 percent of the contents of the composting bin in every sector, contrary to the belief that FOH collections are mostly packaging.
Kate Bailey and Brenna Raeder
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers: Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman, Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman

BioCycle August 2019

Food Scraps Composting Grows In Illinois
The Solid Waste Agency of Lake County is promoting food scraps collection to help boost recycling. Midwest Organics Recycling in Wauconda Township is where many of the scraps are taken.

Over a dozen composting sites accept food waste, sparking expansion of residential, commercial and institutional diversion programs.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle International Trailblazers: Italy
Rosanna Laraia

BioCycle August 2019

Connections: The Maggots’ Buffet
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle August 2019

BioCycle International Trailblazer: Ireland
Munoo Prasad

BioCycle August 2019

Composting Roundup
Sustainable Generation SG Mobile™ Systems with GORE® Covers at Miramar Greenery

BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers
BioCycle Trailblazers

Organics Recycling has come light years from the founding of Compost Science — BioCycle’s original name — in 1960. Thank you to the BioCycle Trailblazers who have given us the tools and practices to forge ahead in 2019.
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers: Jerome Goldstein and Clarence Golueke, PhD
Jerome Goldstein

Two individuals credited with blazing trails in organics recycling are Jerome (Jerry) Goldstein, founding editor of BioCycle in 1960, and Dr. Clarence Golueke of the University of California, fondly remembered as the “Grandfather of Composting.”
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Roger Tim Haug, PhD
Roger Tim Haug, PhD

Roger Tim Haug, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Loyola Marymount University
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Sally Brown, PhD, University of Washington
Sally Brown, PhD

Sally Brown is a woman with many talents and achievements.
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Francis (Frank) Gouin, PhD
Frank Gouin

Francis (Frank) Gouin, PhD (1938-2018), Emeritus Professor, University of Maryland
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: H. Clay Kellogg, Jr.
H. Clay Kellogg, Jr.

H. Clay (Hi) Kellogg, Jr. — and his father before him as well as his wife and children with and after him — built a very successful company selling sewage sludge and recovering other organic materials in southern California.
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazer: Harry A. Hoitink, PhD, The Ohio State University
Harry A. Hoitink, PhD

“The Man Who Discovered The ‘Divine Materials’ In Compost”
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers: Barrie Cogburn and Scott McCoy, TxDOT and TCEQ
Dynamic Duo: Barrie Cogburn and Scott McCoy: TxDOT and TCEQ

Dynamic duo and a beautiful friendship
BioCycle July 2019

BioCycle Trailblazers: USDA-EPA Aerated Static Pile Team
USDA-EPA Aerated Static Pile Team

Their incredible body of research was the lynchpin of the U.S. composting industry that persists today.
BioCycle July 2019