BioCycle World
A Strategic Guide for Using Data to Drive Food Loss and Waste

BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 6

Phoenix Composting Facility Rises From Desert Floor
Aeration piping is housed in a gravel bed below the concrete slab with nozzles flush with the slab surface. The aeration system can be run in all positive, all negative, or in a reversing positive-negative loop.

New 55,000 tons/year facility currently processes yard trimmings, but is gradually incorporating commercial food waste.
Craig Coker
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 17

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Digestibility Of  Food Waste-Derived Animal Feed
Dried supermarket food waste processed using the mobile dehydration unit (top). Dried food waste mixed into a complete diet for growing pigs (bottom).

Research study measured digestibility of targeted high value nutrients in three food waste streams in pig-feeding trial.
David Russick and Pedro E. Urriola
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 30

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Wasted Food Reduction Opportunities
Vanderbilt University, Nashville

Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation found most food recovery and organics recycling activities are performed by small businesses, nonprofits, and churches and targets assistance to those entities. Part II
Alle Crampton
BioCycle October 2017, Vol. 58, No. 9, p. 37

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Breaking News: September Webinars Of Interest
webinar

• Real Estate And Sustainable Soil Management
• Now What? Preparing for China’s Waste Ban
• Business Models For Community Composting

BioCycle World
NYC Food Waste Fair

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Atlas Organics' Compost House program uses 5-gallon collection pails with a compostable liner.

BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 16

Measurement, Motivations And Opportunities To Waste Less Food
Figure 1. External influences on household food waste dynamics and individual behavior

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality releases findings on psychological, socio-economic and structural drivers that contribute to generation of preventable wasted food in households.
Ashley Zanolli
BioCycle September 2017, Vol. 58, No. 8, p. 39

BioCycle World
Encore's condensate recovery unit

BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 6

Quantifying Diversion Impact Of Compostable Packaging
A 3-bin sorting system was used to collect front-of-house materials at Farm Aid, which yielded 22,851 lbs of compostable material. Food scraps comprised 46% of that total; 54% was compostable packaging and uncoated paper.

Waste stream analysis of two events held at a concert venue identified significant quantities of front-of-house compostable material, including a large amount of food.
Charlotte Dreizen
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 34

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Food Waste To Renewable Natural Gas
Solid food waste feedstocks will be depackaged, decontaminated and slurried to 10 to 14 percent solids in the Re:Sep system (example installation above). The unit includes a vertical paddle mill with 2 sizes of screen mesh.

Groundbreaking held in June for 180,000 tons/year anaerobic digester that will generate up to 3,000 dekatherms/day of renewable natural gas.
Craig Coker
BioCycle August 2017, Vol. 58, No. 7, p. 41

South Carolina Convention Center Tackles Food Waste
The Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center, with the help of its chef, Tommy Kasperski (second from right) and Atlas Organics, diverted 18,000 pounds via donation and composting in the first year of the program.

Chef assists clients with accurate food ordering. Surplus is donated, and scraps are diverted to a composting facility.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 19

On-Site Food Waste Pretreatment
Food Waste

Guide to equipment and systems for businesses, institutions and venues that manage food waste on-site.
Nora Goldstein and Charlotte Dreizen
BioCycle  July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 31

Merchant Biogas Plant Services Food Waste Generators
Facility layout: (1) Receiving building, reception pit and food waste preprocessing; (2) Retention/hydrolysis tank; (3) Acetogenesis tank; (4) Primary digester; (5) Digestate holding tank; (6) Biogas conditioning and CHP skid; Effluent polishing with (7) nitrogen removal and (8) aeration prior to discharge.

Connecticut anaerobic digester has capacity to process 40,000 tons/year of dry and liquid food waste. The host community is purchasing the renewable power.
Bob Spencer, Morgan Casella and Nora Goldstein
BioCycle July 2017, Vol. 58, No. 6, p. 33

BioCycle World
University of Toledo "Greenbox"

BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 6
Women In Waste And Recycling, Business Case For Food Waste Reduction, Compendium Of Disposal Bans And Mandatory Recycling Laws, Food Waste Kiosk Update, $22 Million Net Benefit Opportunity In New York State, Composting And Recycling In Denver, Opportunities For Food Waste Reduction In 2018 Farm Bill, Organics Recycling At LAX

Composting Roundup
2017 Midwest Compost School

BioCycle  June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 9
2017 Midwest Compost School, Tomato Grower Expands Into Composting, Aminopyralid Contamination Detected In Compost, Pilot Promotes Food Waste Composting, Community Composting Expansion, City’s Compost Achieves OMRI Certification, Household Organics Collection Kicks Off

Measuring Food Loss And Waste
Material types and possible destinations under the FLW standard

An international standard creates a set of requirements for accounting and reporting on food loss and waste, providing a common language for measurement.
Brian Lipinski and Kai Robertson
BioCycle June 2017, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 26

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Maryland To Explore A Decentralized Composting Infrastructure
Maryland

Governor Hogan Signs Two Bills – HB171/SB99 & HB1349 – to Advance Food Waste Recovery and Ensure Compostable Plastics Meet Standards

Composting Roundup
Gail Kozel Foley in malt field

Pale Ale, With Boost From Compost • District Ramps Up Composting, Food Waste Diversion • Composting Foundation Seeks Young Investigators • Soil-To-Soil Textile Production
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 12

Depackaging At Solid Waste Transfer Station
Storage area for packaged dry foods such as bread and cereal, to be loaded into the Scott Turbo Separator, and recovered for animal feed. An entire pallet of packaged food, inside a large cardboard box, can be tipped into the hopper for processing.

A Massachusetts trash hauling and recycling company invested in a mechanical separation system for food waste, opening up outlets for the processed material.
Bob Spencer and Morgan Casella
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 21

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Keeping Compostables Stream Compostable
Paper straws have replaced plastic (left). Clamshells and cutlery must be certified compostable (middle). Plastic stir sticks, polystyrene lids and plastic-coated cups are prohibited (right).

All to-go food serviceware must be compostable or recyclable in the unincorporated areas of Santa Cruz County.
Tim Goncharoff
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 25

High Solids Digester Services California Municipalities
An automated smart conveyor delivers feedstock from the organics recovery facility to fill “hoppers” that feed the digesters.

Southern California waste management company opens high solids anaerobic digestion facility to process municipal yard trimmings and food waste.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 44

Canadian City Ready To Launch AD And Composting Facility
Surrey has a 3-cart residential curbside collection system with organics picked up weekly, while recyclables and garbage are collected on alternate weeks.

The City of Surrey, British Columbia will be opening its 127,000 tons/year food waste and yard trimmings organics recycling operation in June.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 47

Teaming Up To Collect, Digest Food Waste
Natural Upcycling Services has a fleet of five Brown Industrial food waste collection trucks (example in top photo) that it uses to service commercial and institutional generators. A portion of the material collected is taken to the Noblehurst Green Energy digester in Livingston County, New York (above).

Natural Upcycling Services collects commercial food waste in western New York, diverting most of it to anaerobic digesters.
Katrina Mendrey
BioCycle May 2017, Vol. 58, No. 4, p. 49

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BioCycle Live: BioCycle EAST COAST17 Keynote Speaker Kathryn Garcia
Kathryn Garcia, Commissioner, New York City Department Of Sanitation speaks at BioCycle EAST COAST17 Conference, April 5, 2017, Baltimore, Maryland

April 5, 2017 • Baltimore, MD
Intro and closing: Nora Goldstein, Editor, BioCycle
Speaker: Kathryn Garcia, Commissioner, New York City Department Of Sanitation
Presentation Title: Bullish On Organics Recycling

Food Recovery Innovators
DC Central Kitchen

Does Your Solution Have Significant Potential To Scale?
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 49

BioCycle World
Florida Department of Environmental Protection

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 6

Anaerobic Digest
Quantum Biopower

BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 20

Calculating Economic Impact Of Commercial Organics Ban
Figure 1. Average number of employees per business

Quantitative and qualitative analysis conducted in Massachusetts indicates growth in employment and revenues
after implementation of the commercial organics waste ban.
John Fischer and Elizabeth Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 36

Tackling Food Waste In Iowa’s K-12 Schools
Central Community School District students with teacher, Ann Gritzner (right), showcase the new sign for their composting site.

Audits at 17 schools found students generate more food waste at lunch than an initial estimate of 0.1 lbs/student, creating a baseline for prevention and recovery steps.
Mallory Feeney
BioCycle March/April 2017, Vol. 58, No. 3, p. 44

County Expands Food Waste Composting Site
Manufacturers are responding to the increased demand for vehicles that can service commercial and residential source separated organics collection.

The Ulster County (NY) Resource Recovery Agency recently expanded its pilot composting facility to service organics haulers.
Marsha Johnston
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 21

Food Waste Collection Truck Innovations
The ROTO-PAC® marketed by New Way has a retractable arm that can extend 12-feet (left) and a rotating auger mounted in the collection hopper (inset) that mixes and shreds organics, freeing up space in the truck body.

Manufacturers are responding to the increased demand for vehicles that can service commercial and residential source separated organics collection.
Barbara Hesselgrave
BioCycle February 2017, Vol. 58, No. 2, p. 24

BioCycle World
Vermont landfill vs. diversion

BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 6

Regional Composter Confronts Contamination
The variable speed fan on the wind sifter (above on right) was retrofitted to reduce product losses on the reject side from 50% to less than 20%.

Washington State composting facility uses multiple approaches to reduce contamination in residential and commercial food waste loads.
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 35

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Big Apple Goes Big On Organics Recycling
NYC Compost Project community composting programs are implemented by DSNY-funded teams at seven host organizations, including Big Reuse in the borough of Queens (seen here).

New York City’s Sanitation Department is making headway in its commitment to expand organics collection to serve all New York City residents by the end of 2018.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 38

Los Angeles County WRRF Embraces Codigestion
Waste Management has been using its patented CORe® processing system (left) to supply the JWPCP with an “engineered” slurry (right) produced from food waste.

Technology to produce food waste slurry key to project implementation — and helps generators comply with California organics recycling mandates.
Craig Coker
BioCycle January 2017, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 53

BioCycle World

BioCycle December 2016, Vol. 57, No. 11, p. 6

Composting Roundup
St. John’s University’s Somat Remote Waste Pulping System Model SPC-50

BioCycle December 2016, Vol. 57, No. 11, p. 10

Tackling Food Waste Via Consumer Education
SaveTheFood.com

The NRDC and Ad Council “Save The Food” public service campaign compels consumers to make simple lifestyle changes to reduce food waste.
Dana Gunders
BioCycle December 2016, Vol. 57, No. 11, p. 19

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Critical Operations Go Under Cover

Fabric buildings are employed in the organics recycling industry for feedstock receiving and mixing, compost storage and blending, and most recently, to house food waste depackaging.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November 2016, Vol. 57, No. 10, p. 14

Fresh Look At Organics Bans And Waste Recycling Laws

New report evaluates why handful of bans and laws that restrict food waste disposal are promising models — and suggests how to strengthen them to increase food recovery and rescue.
Emily Broad Leib, Christina Rice and Jill Mahoney
BioCycle November 2016, Vol. 57, No. 10, p. 16

BioCycle World

BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 6

Composting Roundup

BioCycle October 2016, Vol. 57, No. 9, p. 11

BioCycle World
Communal fridge for donated food

BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 6

Solution Driven Organics Recycler

Ag Choice hauls, depackages and produces animal feed and compost. Founders Jay and Jill Fischer embrace new opportunities, and then figure out how to maximize efficiencies and profitability.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 26

Organics Recycling In North Carolina
Figure 5. Outlets for food diverted from landfill, 2015

A recent study by state agency analyzed organic materials recycled since 2011, as well as food waste recovered in 2015. Findings show substantial organics recycling capacity.
Jorge Montezuma
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 36

General Mills Turns Whey Into Energy
The sludge mixture flows from the digester into a DAF tank that separates the liquids and solids. Clarified water from the DAF tank goes through aerobic treatment prior to being discharged to the sanitary sewer or to a local golf course where it is used for irrigation.

Food processor installs anaerobic digester primarily to treat acid whey from its Greek yogurt production. Power generated offsets about 10 percent of plant’s electric load.
Alle Crampton
BioCycle September 2016, Vol. 57, No. 8, p. 59

Small-Scale Composter Grows With Food Scraps
Information provided to Adam’s Hometown Market’s grocers selling New England Compost’s bagged compost that includes food scraps from those stores.

New England Compost has been steadily growing its collection and composting service since featured in BioCycle last fall.
Dan Emerson
BioCycle August 2016, Vol. 57, No. 7, p. 35

California County Ramps Up Food Recovery

StopWaste seeks to reduce food waste and increase donation in employee cafeterias and schools.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle August 2016, Vol. 57, No. 7, p. 42

Food For People Initiatives In Israel
In 2014, thousands of volunteers and dozens of paid pickers gleaned 20 millions pounds of leftover fruits and vegetables.

Leket Israel’s initiatives include prepared food rescue and distribution, agricultural gleaning, and providing sandwiches for school children.
Claire Siegrist
BioCycle August 2016, Vol. 57, No. 7, p. 46

Food Recovery Entrepreneurs Workshop Summary
Food Recovery Entrepreneurs Workshop

Carrie Nash Over the past decade, a network of food recovery entrepreneurs has emerged alongside the established food supply industry, bringing safe and wholesome food to hungry people that would otherwise go to waste. On June 27, researchers at Harvard’s Food Law and Policy Clinic (FLPC) and Harvard Business School teamed up to bolster that

BioCycle World

BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 6

Composting Roundup
Joe’s Organics collects over 2 tons/week of food scraps from Austin restaurants and sustainable businesses

BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 9
Hawaii County Council Oks $10m For Composting Facility; Fish Compost Raises Vegetable Yields; Food Scraps Kiosks

Commercial Food Waste Collection Assessment

Planning council explores voluntary and collaborative approaches with generators, collectors and processors to increase food waste recycling in the Houston-Galveston region.
E. Livingston, C. Mergo, S. Crain and M. Sines
BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 26

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Connections: Waste No Whey
Sally Brown

Sally Brown
BioCycle July 2016, Vol. 57, No. 6, p. 37

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Report From Congressional Food Waste Hearing
The Committee invited expert witnesses to educate them on many facets of food waste and to discuss potential federal roles for its alleviation.

“Today’s hearing may be the first time the House Agriculture Committee is publicly engaging on this issue, but it will not be our last,” noted Committee Chairman K. Michael Conaway at the recent hearing.
Jonathan Bloom
BioCycle June 2016, Vol. 57, No. 5, p. 18

The ReFED Roadmap To Reducing Food Waste
Figure 2. Food recovery hierarchy

The Roadmap outlines systems for accomplishing a food waste reduction goal of 20 percent in the near term and 50 percent in the next 15 years. The strategy requires further investment — of time, brainpower and dollars.
H. Briggs, J.D. Lindeberg, A. Rein, B. Chorn and K. Tanger
BioCycle June 2016, Vol. 57, No. 5, p. 32

Organics Management In Western Canada
Metro uses ads animated by humanized food scrap characters for public education in its bus and transit shelters, as well as in its social media.

Two-part series on western Canada starts with an update on British Columbia and Manitoba — including a report on the first year of Metro Vancouver’s organics disposal ban. Part I
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle June 2016, Vol. 57, No. 5, p. 38

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BioCycle Equipment & Systems Directory 2016

BioCycle’s Equipment and Systems Directory 2016 — a guide to equipment and services for the composting, anaerobic digestion and organics recycling industries — is available online exclusively.

Roadmap To Food Waste Reduction In The U.S.
Sarah Vared, Interim Director of ReFED and Principal at MissionPoint Partners, shares her key takeaways from the Roadmap development process and final report.

Groundbreaking ReFED study systematically evaluated the food supply and consumption chain to identify scalable solutions to reduce food waste by 20 percent within a decade.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle May 2016, Vol. 57, No. 4, p. 29

BioCycle World
Nora Goldstein and Dr. Rufus Chaney

BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 8

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 20

Partnership Fosters Food Access And Renewable Biogas
Student volunteers assist with gleaning fruit trees in Fresno.

Fresno Metro Ministry and Colony Energy Partners received a $2.9 million CalRecycle grant to help expand Metro’s Food To Share Program and build an anaerobic digester for nonedible food.
Claire Siegrist
BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 44

Food Recovery Networks On Campus
Food recovered through the FRN chapters includes surplus prepared food, fresh produce and baked goods. All chapters are trained in food safety.

The Food Recovery Network has 171 chapters on college campuses in 40 states that, in total, have donated 1.1 million pounds of food.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle March/April 2016, Vol. 57, No. 3, p. 58

Composting Roundup

Adding Food Scraps To Green Waste Bin; Youth Enriched By Composting Project; New Rules To Ease Small-Scale Composting; Residential Organics Collection Routes

BioCycle World

BioCycle February 2016, Vol. 57, No. 2, p. 6

Imperfect Produce Spawns Business Start-Ups

Two companies purchase cosmetically imperfect produce from growers and repackage it to sell to households and businesses.
Claire Siegrist
BioCycle February 2016, Vol. 57, No. 2, p. 22

Anaerobic Digest

BioCycle January 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1 p.18

Residential Food Scraps Drop Off
Residents bring food scraps to the Drop Spots, where they are collected and taken to Cayuga Compost. Tompkins County provides households a tool kit that includes a countertop kitchen caddy, a supply of compostable liners and a 6-gallon transport container.

Tompkins County, New York is utilizing Drop Spots to offer food scraps diversion to residents, an economic option enabling more household participation.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle January 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1 p.26

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2016 Food Waste Forecast
2016

Those working on solving the global issue of wasted food had a big year in 2015. Will the momentum continue in 2016?
Andrew Shakman
BioCycle January 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1 p.48

BioCycle World
Congresswoman Chellie Pingree, D-Maine

BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 6

Edible, Nonedible Food Exchange
San Diego’s landfill composition

Environmental center’s Food Cycle SD creates an exchange to “upcycle” surplus food to people, animals and as necessary, organics recycling.
Marsha W. Johnston
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 30

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Organics Diversion At Massachusetts Boarding School
Coffee stations switched to using compostable coffee “pouches” (top right) instead of plastic single-serve coffee pods. Significant waste reduction was achieved, as 30,000-plus cups of coffee are consumed on campus annually.

Deerfield Academy has taken a slow but steady approach to diverting food scraps, compostable paper and pizza boxes on its campus.
David Purington
BioCycle December 2015, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 39

BioCycle World
v

BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 6

Only You Can Prevent Food Waste
Author Dana Gunders provides 20 recipes to help inspire use of “the random assortment of ingredients in your fridge at the end of the week, or of those avocados or bananas that are a bit past their prime.”

BioCycle speaks with Dana Gunders of NRDC, author of the newly released guide, Waste Free Kitchen Handbook.
Nora Goldstein
BioCycle November 2015, Vol. 56, No. 10, p. 25

BioCycle World
Doug Rauch (left), Andrew Shakman (right)

BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 6
Food For People, Food For Soil Workshop

Depackaging Feedstocks For Anaerobic Digestion
Biogas Energy Partners accepts packaged food waste from food processors, retailers and institutions. A depackaging unit installed in July is designed to process 150 tons/day.

Mechanical and hydraulic techniques are used to break open packaged feedstocks and separate them from the organic material.
Peter Gorrie
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 39

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Doubling Residential Organics Diversion With Pay-As-You-Throw
Brattleboro’s Pay-As-You-Throw program offers a yellow 13-gallon bag for $2 and a 33-gallon purple bag for $3.

A mandate in Vermont that requires variable rate pricing for residential solid waste collection and disposal went into effect on July 1. So far, it’s benefitted food waste recycling.
Robert Spencer
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 42

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Vermont Composter Evolves With The Times
Lisa Ransom and Scott Baughman started Grow Compost in 2009.

The roll out of a new state recycling law, revised hierarchy for using food residuals, and change in permitting are dramatically affecting how a Vermont composting facility runs its business.
Molly Farrell Tucker
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 54

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Department Of Corrections Walks The Walk On Sustainability
All compost produced at the correctional facilities is used to improve soil in prison gardens (inmate working in a garden).

Started in 2003, Washington State’s Sustainability In Prisons Project operates 113 programs — from energy efficiency to composting — with approximately 3,000 inmate participants from all 12 prisons across the state.
K. Bush, J. Vanneste, D. Pacholke, J. Trivett, S. Sinclair and E. Heinitz
BioCycle September 2015, Vol. 56, No. 8, p. 65

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